Mawlynnong is home to the Khasi tribal people, who follow the matrilineal system of society — a system wherein property is handed down from mother to the youngest daughter; moreover, the children take their mother’s surname. The chief occupation of the denizens of Mawlynnong is agriculture, and there is a 100% literary rate! So, not only is this village environmentally conscious, but it is socially progressive as well and it is perhaps these characteristics that make it such an intriguing village.
The Khasi tribes have tried exceptionally hard to maintain the beauty of this village; as said by Baniar Mawroh, a teenage resident of Mawlynnong, “We clean every day because our grandparents and our ancestors have taught us how to clean the village and the surrounding area, because it’s good for our health.”This regard placed on hygiene emerged after a deadly cholera outbreak 130 years ago. Due to the paucity of adequate medical facilities and medicines, cleanliness became absolutely necessary to the survival of the villagers and to the development of the region. In the words of Khongthohrem, a village resident, “Christian missionaries told our ancestors: you can protect yourself from the plague (cholera) only if you maintain good hygiene, be it at home, with food, on your land, in the village, or for your body.” Indeed, the way in which these locals have respected and protected their environment from harm is commendable; however, their pristine surroundings may be threatened by external influences.
Moreover, probably the greatest charm of this village is its isolation which subsequently bestows it with almost mystical qualities.
The village of Mawlynnong is undoubtedly a precious jewel of India, which must be saved and respected by fellow Indians. So, we should strive to ensure that its beauty is preserved. As reported by The Hindu, “While the pristine village is proud of its achievements, some believe it must limit visitor numbers to protect the well-being of its inhabitants.” And this can be achieved by raising awareness about the negative impacts tourists can have on this modest village.