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  1. thank you to "PB PARIVAR" who join me in their family of members i am so happy and i obey my duty honestly.

    thank you .

  2. Dear Prasar Bharati Team,
    As i get chance to be a member of such team and want to share my positive views and statements My purpose is to elaborate the views of Society in which We are living So keep boom the environment health because that is directly belongs to us and our Future Generation

  3. As we accept from nature to give as we want It should Our Prime duty To Maintain Nature Balance Pl.Do Tree Planting

  4. sir I want to book guest house at CHENNAI for 1 or 2 days.can you tell me the procedure for it ?

  5. The 'Prasar Bharti Parivar ' is bringing its members closer to one another at the one and same platform by the way of promotion of understanding , fraternity and friendship - A first step to PEACE .

  6. Dear friends ! Happy Friendship Day to You All !
    There is nothing on this earth to be prized more than true friendship. If you have a true friend then you are so lucky, person. True friends are always together in spirit.
    When it’s people we care about & value, everyday should be Friendship Day. For that particular day of observance, it could be as simple as returning the greeting, Happy Friendship Day to you to telling them how important their friendship is to you (if it’s someone you have a closer connection to). Perhaps, getting them a card or even a gift, to mark the occasion. Though, again, little tokens of appreciation & affection are best when they’re presented randomly, without there being a specific day attached to it. Doing something, just because. I know I enjoy those more.
    Friendship is a little more trust,
    A little less try,
    A little more laugh,
    And a little less cry,
    A little more WE and a little less I.
    Friendship day All of You.
    A friend is SWEET when it’s NEW, Its SWEETER when it’s TRUE,AND YOU KNOW, Its SWEETEST when it’s YOU. Happy Friendship Day.
    Hold a true friend with both your hands. Happy Friends Day !

  7. Radio is still the most dynamic, reactive and engaging medium there is, adapting to 21st century changes and offering new ways to interact and participate. Where social media and audience fragmentation can put us in media bubbles of like-minded people, radio is uniquely positioned to bring communities together and foster positive dialogue for change. By listening to its audiences and responding to their needs, radio provides the diversity of views and voices needed to address the challenges we all face.

    Radio informs us and transforms us, through entertainment, information and audience participation. Having a radio means you are never alone – you always have a friend in radio.

  8. I have been a regular listener of All India Radio's programs since 2004 , when I was 14 . To begin with , the main responsibility of AIR is to inform and to entertain . Its objective is to make aware by generating awareness. Main objective of AIR is to present the point of view of Indian Government on the matters of national and international importance. So I think AIR is a true reflection of all the political , social , economical and cultural spheres of Indian society. So in my opinion , it is necessary to inculate the habit of AIR listening if one wishes to be in perfect pace with changing times in Indonesia . Listening AIR is a healthy diet for me . Now it has become part and parcel of my life .It is outstanding God’s gift to me . It keeps me in constant touch with daily events , developments and changes in the whole world including India. I believe , AIR is bringing REAL & INCREDIBLE India to its listeners .

    1. Correction : Please read as ' changing times in India ' instead of ' changing times of Indonesia ' .

  9. 1947 में भारत के बंटवारे का दंश सबसे ज्यादा महिलाओं ने झेला. अनुमान है कि इस दौरान 75 हजार से एक लाख महिलाओं का अपहरण हत्या और बलात्कार के लिए हुआ. जबरन शादी, गुलामी और जख्म ये सब बंटवारे में औरतों को हिस्से आया.
    इतिहासकार बताते हैं कि 1952 तक कम से कम 25 हजार महिलाओं के बारे में या तो पता चला या फिर उन्हें बल पूर्वक आजाद कराया गया और उनमें से ज्यादातर को उनके रिश्तेदारों के पास पहुंचा दिया गया.

  10. भारत को 1947 में मिली आजादी लेकिन विभाजन की तकलीफ के साथ. जल्दी जल्दी में खींची गयी सीमा की लकीरों ने विस्थापन का वह सिलसिला शुरू किया जिसकी दूसरी मिसाल दुनिया में कम ही देखने को मिलती है.
    हंगामा, अफरातफरी, हिंसा और अव्यवस्था की आंधियों के बीच ही पाकिस्तान नाम के एक नये देश का जन्म हुआ और ना जाने कितनी त्रासदियों की सिर उठाने का मौका मिला.
    1612 में ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी ने पहली बार भारत में पांव रखे, तब देश के एक बड़े हिस्से में मुगल शासन का अधिपत्य था और शासक था जहांगीर. यहां से कारोबारी रिश्ते की शुरुआत कर ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी पूरे भारत पर हुकूमत करने लगी. 1857 के विद्रोह के बाद हुकूमत सीधे ब्रिटिश राज के हाथ में चली गई.
    1857 के विद्रोह को भारतीय स्वतंत्रता संग्राम की पहली बड़ी घटना माना जाता है. अंग्रेज सरकार इस विद्रोह को दबाने में कामयाब रही लेकिन भारतीयों के मन में इसकी चिंगारी सुलगती रही. पूरे 90 साल तक छोटे बडे हिंसक और अहिंसक आंदोलनों का नतीजा 1947 में मिला और भारत आजाद हुआ लेकिन विभाजित होकर.
    ये वो साल हैं जो भारत के विभाजन के बाद बीते हैं. पाकिस्तान के दो हिस्से थे पूर्वी पाकिस्तान और पश्चिमी पाकिस्तान. पूर्वी पाकिस्तान बाद में एक एक अलग देश बन गया. इसमें भारत ने भी मदद की और आज उसे बांग्लादेश कहते हैं.
    1941 की जनगणना के मुताबिक तब हिंदुओँ की संख्या 29.4 करोड़, मुस्लिम 4.3 करोड़ और बाकी लोग दूसरे धर्मों के थे. मुस्लिम लीग ने मुसलमानों के हित में अधिकार मांगे जिसे कांग्रेस ने ठुकरा दिया. नतीजे में मुस्लिम लीग ने अलग राष्ट्र की मांग कर दी और उसे पाने में कामयाब हुए.
    2,897 किलोमीटर :ये उस सीमा रेखा की लंबाई है जो भारत और पाकिस्तान को विभाजित करती है. इसमें कुछ हिस्सा अब भी विवादित है. भारत और पाकिस्तान के बीच 1947 में जो रेखा खींची गयी वो धर्म की थी. बहुसंख्यक मुस्लिम पाकिस्तान चले गये जबकि हिंदू भारत के हो कर रह गये.
    1.2 करोड़ : ये संख्या उन लोगों की है जो इस विभाजन के कारण विस्थापित हुए. कुछ इतिहासकार इसे दुनिया में सबसे बड़ा विस्थापन बताते हैं. मुसलमानों की बहुत बड़ी आबादी अपनी जन्मभूमि को छोड़ पाकिस्तान चली गयी. इसी तरह हिंदुओं ने भारत का रुख किया. लोगों के दल जब सीमा पार कर रहे थे तब ये कतारें कई कई किलोमीटर लंबी थीं.
    विभाजन का एलान होने के बाद हुई हिंसा में कितने लोग मारे गये, इसे लेकर अलग अलग आंकड़े हैं. आमतौर पर इसकी संख्या 5 लाख बतायी जाती है. हालांकि ये संख्या सही सही नहीं बतायी जा सकती. माना जाता है कि दो लाख से 10 लाख के बीच लोगों की मौत हुई. इसके अलावा 75 हजार से 1 लाख महिलाओं का बलात्कार या हत्या के लिए अपहरण हुआ.
    3 जंग :ये संख्या उन जंगों की है जो 70 साल के इतिहास में भारत पाकिस्तान ने आपस में लड़ीं. इन जंगों की प्रमुख वजह कश्मीर था.

  11. कृष्ण का जीवन जितना रोचक है, उतना ही मानवीय और मर्यादित भी। इसीलिए आम इंसान को बहुत कुछ सिखाता-समझाता है।दुनिया के जाने माने वैज्ञानिक अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन ने भी कहा है कि ‘श्रीकृष्ण के उपदेश अतुलनीय हैं।’कृष्ण का जीवन प्रकृति के बहुत करीब रहा। प्रकृति के लिए उनके मन में जो अपनत्व रहा, वो समाज और राष्ट्र के सरोकारों से भी जोड़ने वाला है। कदम्ब का पेड़ और यमुना का किनारा उनके लिए बहुत विशेष स्थान रखते थे। पहाड पर चढ़े बगैर पहाड के पार का सत्य जानना असंभव है |अगर उस पार की दुनियां को जानना और समझना है तो पहाड पर चढना ही होगा|इतनी मेहनत तो कम से कम करनी ही होगी,अन्यथा सब गांव वाले पहाड के पार की दुनिया को वही समझते रहेंगे,जैसा उसे सदियों से पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी बताया जा रहा है | सत्य कभी भी विरासत में नहीं मिलता है, उसे तो स्वयं को ही खोजना पड़ता है |विरासत में तो असत्य ही मिलता है,क्योंकि असत्य को कभी भी खोजने की जरुरत ही नहीं होती है |श्री कृष्ण गीता में भक्ति-योग नमक १२वें अध्याय में बहुत ही सुन्दर तरीके से बताते हैं|उनके अनुसार निम्न प्रकार के लक्षण एक भक्त में होने चाहिए,वही भक्त मुझे प्रिय होते है |ये लक्षण हैं-
    १ -सब प्राणियों से द्वेष भाव न होना |
    २ -सबके साथ मैत्री पूर्ण व्यवहार रखना |
    ३-बिना स्वार्थ के सबके प्रति दयालु होना |
    ४-ममता रहित होना |
    ५ -अहंकार रहित होना |
    ६ -सुख-दुःख में समान रहना |
    ७-क्षमा भाव होना |
    ८-सभी ओर से संतुष्ट रहना |
    ९-दृढ निश्चयी होना |
    १०-मन और बुद्धि को परमात्मा में अर्पित कर देना |
    ११-किसी भी जीव को उद्वेलित नहीं करना |
    १२-किसी भी जीव से उद्वेलित न होना |
    १३-हर्ष,अमर्ष(दूसरे की उन्नति देखकर परेशान होना ),भय और उद्वेग से रहित होना |
    १४-आकांक्षा से रहित होना |
    १५-बाहर और भीतर दोनों में शुद्ध रहना |
    १६-प्रत्येक कार्य में दक्ष होना |
    १७-पक्षपात से रहित होना |
    १८-दुःख में दुखी न होना |
    १९-सभी कार्य के प्रारंभ करने का श्रेय न लेना |
    २०-अधिक हर्षित न होना |
    २१-द्वेष न करना |
    २२-शोक न करना |
    २३-किसी भी प्रकार की कामना न करना |
    २४-शुभ-अशुभ सभी कर्मों का त्याग कर देना |
    २५-शत्रु और मित्र में सम रहना |
    २६-मान-अपमान में सम रहना |
    २७-सर्दी-गर्मी और में सम रहना |
    २८-आसक्ति-रहित होना |
    २९-निंदा और स्तुति को समान समझना |
    ३०- मनन शील होना |
    ३१ -भक्तिमान होना |

  12. Happy Krishna Janmashtami 2017 to Prasar Bharati Privar !
    May Lord Krishna's flute invite the melody of love into your life.May Lord Krishna show you the way in your life as he showed the way to Arjuna in the battle of Mahabharata. Have a blessed Krishna Janmashtami!

  13. Happy 71st Independence Day to the People of India !
    This red letter day has a great significance in Indian history as it ended up with a century long struggle which finally broke free the country from the clutches of slavery and oppression of the British rule and rose to the dawn of freedom. It is a day to remember the sacrifices made by the martyrs and nationalists, who laid down their lives for the sake of the Motherland .
    On every independence day we celebrate our basic and democratic rights. India is self governing country. Which constitute with various rights of India citizen. In India people have their many rights that is ruled by government of India just like voting rights, Study rights, rights to select government etc.Indians pride on country and their freedom life and celebrate this moment in prideful way.

  14. Happy National Radio Day 2017 - Sunday, August 20 to all Radio Listeners !
    Although there is not one authoritative source on the history of National Radio Day, it has been celebrated since the early 1990s on August 20. Perhaps it was decided that August 20 would be an appropriate day because 8MK (now WWJ) in Detroit, first broadcast on August 20, 1920.
    Celebrate National Radio Day on Sunday, August 20 by telling a friend about RADIO Listening ! National Radio Day is a time to honor one of the most longstanding electronic media and its role in our everyday lives. It is also a time to honor community radio listeners, volunteers, staff and contributors!
    Radio delivers information, news, entertainment and company to millions of listeners every hour of every day. Of course, does so with listener support and volunteer power.
    "Radio is the mass media reaching the widest audience in the world. It is also recognized as a powerful communication tool and a low cost medium. Radio is specifically suited to reach remote communities and vulnerable people while offering a platform to intervene in the public debate, irrespective of people’s educational level. Furthermore, radio has a strong and specific role in emergency communication and disaster relief".
    Raise greater awareness among the public and the media of the importance of radio
    Encourage decision makers to establish and provide access to information through radio
    Enhance networking and international cooperation among broadcasters.
    Happy Listeners Day to ALL India Radio Lovers ! Thank you, and happy National Radio Day!

  15. Listening to radio can really be relaxing and informative as well.Listening to radio can really be relaxing and informative as well.I will get relaxed when I listen to the radio. In the evening time I go for a walk and listen to the radio through my cell phone.
    Aside from playing music, radio stations also announce breaking news stories of interest. This is why motorists still like to stay tuned to radio as they drive — they stay entertained by the music and updated on traffic situations, current events, and other relevant occurrences.
    Radio has always been great at setting the mood. You can tune into a station that features mostly pop songs if you like feeling upbeat (or if you need a peppy background as you clean the house). You can reminisce about old times when you flip to a station that plays old, classic love songs. And you can keep your cool on the road as you drive if you choose easy listening radio.
    Because music easily taps into a person's emotions, there's no question that people rely on radio stations to bring them music that they love, that they feel inspired by, or that they simply love humming along to. Radio stays with you during good times and bad, always in the background, playing a soundtrack to your day — which is why it still remains a much-loved medium today.

  16. All India Radio encourages members of the community to link with each other, to get to understand people they did not already know. This can serve to reduce conflict between social groups, and at the same time meet the needs of listeners. This can be done by using structures such as listeners' clubs and special-interest groups.In poor regions,Radio encourages members of the community to link with each other, to get to understand people they did not already know. This can serve to reduce conflict between social groups, and at the same time meet the needs of listeners. This can be done by using structures such as listeners' clubs and special-interest groups.

  17. On August 26, the world comes together to honor past, present, and future achievements for women everywhere. People celebrate in many different ways, but typically it takes place by making a pledge for parity, participating in a women’s rights campaign, or by simply honoring the important women in your life.This is a day to celebrate the wonderful women in our lives and the progress the world has made to support gender equality.National Women’s Equality Day is a day for the global community to celebrate the social, economic, cultural and political achievements that women around the world have made. Every day, the world is moving closer to full gender equality.This is a good time for companies to be transparent, and discuss what they’ve done to celebrate women in the workplace— or perhaps what they’ve done to support women globally.Women make the world go around--without women, there wouldn't be life. Our mothers, grandmothers, aunts, cousins, and sisters, all have played important roles in all of our lives. Femininity represents the creation of life, the nurturing side of a human, family, strength and vulnerability.

  18. To Prasar Bharati Parivar
    Eid Ul Adha is Eid of sacrifice and commitment of Allah’s orders. May Allah bless us with the same in all circles of life, and help all amongst us, who are helpless, worried and waiting for his rehmat.
    I wish you all a very happy and peaceful Eid, May Allah accept your good deeds,
    Forgive your transgressions and ease, The suffering of all peoples around the globe,
    Have a joyous Bakra Eid with full of sparkling lights. A warm and heartfelt wishes to tell you how much you mean to me. Eid ul Azha Mubarak!

  19. Happy Onam 2017!
    Onam is celebrated in the beginning of the month of Chingam, the first month of the solar Malayalam calendar (Kollavarsham). It falls in August or September each year. There are four main days of Onam. The most important day of Onam (known as Thiru Onam or Thiruvonam, meaning "Sacred Onam Day") is the second day.
    Festivities actually commence 10 days before Thiru Onam, on Atham. As per the Malayalam calendar, the dates for 2017 and their significance are as follows:
    Atham (August 25, 2017) -- is when mythical King Mahabali is believed to have started preparing to come back and visit his kingdom. People begin the day with an early bath, followed by prayers, and the creation of floral arrangements (pookalam) on the ground in front of homes to welcome him. Traditionally, the pookalams are completed with ten rings, each representing a Hindu god. The colors are chosen to please each god, and only yellow flowers are used on Atham for the first layer of the pookalam. However, these days, more importance is given to how elaborate and striking the design is. A grand procession, Athachamyam, marks the start of Onam celebrations near Kochi.
    Chithira (August 26, 2017) -- two more layers are added to the pookalams, using mostly orange and creamy yellow flowers. People also visit temples to seek blessings.
    Chodhi (August 27, 2017) -- is a fun-filled day that marks the start of shopping for Onam. People begin buying new clothes, jewelry, and gifts.
    Vishakham (August 28, 2017) -- housewives visit the markets to stock up on ingredients to make the elaborate Onam meal. Markets traditionally used to hold their harvest sale on this day, making it a popular day for shopping. Pookalam design competitions also commence across Kerala on his day.
    Anizham (August 29, 2017) -- snake boat races kick-off across the state. A mock race is held at Aranmula as a rehearsal for the race that's held there after the main day of Onam.
    Thriketa (August 30, 2017) -- people start visiting their families and fresh flowers continue to be added to pookalams.
    Moolam (August 31, 2017) -- the state is beautifully decorated.
    Pooradam (September 1 and 2, 2017) -- the day starts with the ritual installation of pyramid-style clay statues, known as Onathappan, in the center of pookalams. They represent king Mahabali and Lord Vamana (the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who sent Mahabali to the underworld but allowed him to visit his kingdom once a year during Onam). By now, the pookalams have greatly grown in size and complexity of design.
    First Onam/Uthradom (September 3, 2017) -- King Mahabali is believed to arrive in Kerala on this day. It's a jubilant occasion when people rush to complete their Onam shopping and the cleaning of their homes. It's considered to be an auspicious day for buying fresh fruit and vegetables.
    Second Onam/Thiruvonam (September 4, 2017) -- the main Onam celebrations occur on this day, when King Mahabali is said to visit people's homes. Homes are spic and span, finished pookalams are elaborate, new clothes are worn, and families gather to enjoy an elaborate vegetarian feast known as the Onam Sadya or Onasadya.
    Third Onam/Avvittom (September 5, 2017) -- preparations are undertaken for King Mahabali's departure. Onathappan statues are immersed in the sea or river, and pookalams are cleared and removed.
    Fourth Onam/Chatayam (September 6, 2017) -- post-Onam celebrations continue for the next couple of days with snake boat races, Pulikkali tiger play, and Kerala Tourism's Onam Week program.
    May the spirit of Onam be everywhere
    In whatever things you do,
    In things you think of,
    And in whatever you desire in your life
    Wish you a Happy Onam !
    May this festival of Onam bring a lot of happiness, luck peace and prosperity in your life. Wish you all the greetings of the festival. Happy Onam!

  20. Happy Teacher's Day :-
    “Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber, and future of an individual. If the people remember me as a good teacher, that will be the biggest honor for me.” – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
    5th September announces the birthday of the great teacher and scholar, the second president of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who was a phenomenal teacher, philosopher, writer, orator, statesman, administrator and above all – a great man. As a mark of respect to this phenomenal teacher, his birthday came to be observed as Teacher’s Day in the country.
    The history behind the teacher’s day is quite interesting. Some of the prominent students of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan had organized a gathering to pay homage to the Great Teacher of repute in 1965. It was during his presidential tenure, and some of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan students as well as friends approached him and requested him to let them celebrate his birthday. Dr. Radhakrishnan in his speech on that gathering had expressed his profound reservation regarding his birth anniversary celebration and had emphasized that his birth anniversary should be celebrated as ‘Teacher’s Day,’ by paying homage to other Great Teachers of the country. He also mentioned that if it is done, then it would be a great privilege for him.
    From then on, every September 5th, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday is celebrated as the day for appreciating and honoring the teachers throughout the country. The students can express their genuine appreciation through their wishes on the occasion of teacher’s day to their teachers. Also, on this day the students pay respect and tribute to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for his incredible work towards philosophies. The teachers and students on this day report to school as usual as it is an observance and not a holiday. The routine activities and classes will be replaced by activities of celebration, thankfulness, appreciation, and remembrance. The day is marked as a very important day in the history of India.
    Teacher’s Day is an annual commemoration celebrated on 5th September of every year in India. A teacher is the one who needs to be celebrated after parents because a teacher is the second parent for any child. From ancient age till this technology era, we have learned and acquired knowledge with the guidelines of the teacher. Will we have attained this high position without the support of the teachers? Will you have understood every necessary information from the scratch to the core without your teachers? Who would have stood as a pillar of support when clearing all your doubts? Who identified you are good at sports and music? Unquestionably it is your teachers, and of course, it includes all of them from the primary section to your higher grade to your college professors. Teacher’s Day celebration is indeed a special honor and tribute for any teacher. Every teacher needs to be celebrated irrespective of the subject they handle. Wish them on this day and pay your honor.

  21. Remembering Saint #MotherTeresa on her Death Anniversary today !
    "By blood and origin, I am all Albanian. My citizenship is Indian. I am a Catholic nun.
    As to my calling, I belong to the whole world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to Jesus."
    —Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa belongs to the whole world—not to Roman Catholics only, not to Christians only. Indeed, she is the first religious figure in history to be revered during her lifetime by adherents of all religions and Christians of all denominations. And when she died in 1997, there was a universal outpouring of heartfelt appreciation and reverence for her long life of service. Of course, she will also be remembered for the international recognition she received, the thousands of nuns who followed her, and the hundreds of homes established around the world. But the image imprinted on the global psyche would be that of a tiny wrinkled old woman reaching out and touching those consigned to the trash heap of humanity.

  22. Significance of Pitru Paksha :-Pitru Paksha is a 16-day period in the Hindu calendar when the death rites ceremony of the family is performed on specific days. This process is called as Shradh or Tarpan and this period is also called as Mahalaya Paksha and Apara Paksha. In southern and western India, the Pitru Paksha falls in the second fortnight of the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. Pitru Paksha 2017 begins on Septemeber 5, 2017 and will be observed till September 19, 2017. Hindus who follow the Pitru Paksha avoid doing anything auspicious and religious during this time span. The 16-days of Mahalaya Paksha are used to perform the death rites of the dead, and there are specific muhurat timings assigned as per the Hindu calendar.
    On these many days, people offer pind daan to their dead ancestors. Apart from this, they also offer Brahmin bhoj, tarpan, and also offer something to the poor people. As per beliefs, it is required to make souls of dead happy during shradh to seek their blessings.
    The performance of Shradh by a son during Pitru Paksha is regarded as compulsory by Hindus, to ensure that the soul of the ancestor goes to heaven.son. If somebody had no son, then any male among his brothers, nephews or uncles can offer pind daan.
    Things to remember during Shradh:
    1) One should not forget to distribute clothes or grains. This will make souls of dead ancestors happy.
    2) Shradh should be performed in later part of afternoon. It should not be done in morning or in early part of the afternoon.
    3) During Bhrahmin bhoj, they should be offered food with two hands.
    On the day of shradh, Onion or Garlic should not be used in any food items. It is said that those crops that are grown under the soil are not offered to dead ancestors, which include potatoes, brinjal and radish The Pitru Paksha Shradh are called the Parvan Shradh and the auspicious time to perform these rites are either Kutup Muhurat and Rohina Muhurat. Some families also conduct ritual recitals during the time of Pitru Paksha. Reciting the religious scriptures such the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita and making charitable proceedings and giving to the needy is also a ritual followed in the hopes of the ancestor’s well being.
    Mahalaya Amavasya, which is considered the most important day of Shradh, can be performed without looking at date, tithi or nakshatra. It also is known as Sarva Pitru Shraddh. Falling on September 19, the time to perform Shradh is between 1:13 PM to 3:35 PM, says Brahmin Santarpana is performed to dead ancestors on this day to make the stay in peace in their world. It is believed by Hindus that that the ritual that is performed frees dead ancestors free from their sins and help them get salvation.

  23. 8 September every year: Reminding us of the global importance of literacy.The first International Literacy Day was celebrated in 1966 and this tradition has been held annually for 50 years.The United Nations' (UN) International Literacy Day annually falls on September 8 to raise people's awareness of and concern for literacy issues in the world.For over 50 years now, UNESCO has been celebrating International Literacy Day by reminding the international community that literacy is a human right and the foundation of all learning.The theme of the 2017 day is Literacy in a digital world.
    Globally, 250 million children – including many of the most vulnerable – are not learning basic literacy and numeracy skills even though half have attended school for at least four years.In order to reach the new SDG target to, “ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning,” global leaders must refocus on the role of education in poverty reduction. We must ensure that children are not only in school but are learning when they get there.Literacy unlocks human potential and is the cornerstone of development. It leads to better health, better employment opportunities, and safer and more stable societies. Developing literacy skills in the early years is crucial to a child’s success in school and later in life.

  24. Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893). This was the first World's Parliament of Religions and it was held from 11 to 27.
    September 1893.Opening Address - Chicago, Sept 11, 1893
    Sisters and Brothers of America,
    It fills my heart with joy unspeakable to rise in response to the warm and cordial welcome which you have given us. I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world; I thank you in the name of the mother of religions, and I thank you in the name of millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects.
    My thanks, also, to some of the speakers on this platform who, referring to the delegates from the Orient, have told you that these men from far-off nations may well claim the honor of bearing to different lands the idea of toleration. I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.
    We believe not only in universal toleration, but we accept all religions as true. I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth. I am proud to tell you that we have gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites, who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny. I am proud to belong to the religion which has sheltered and is still fostering the remnant of the grand Zoroastrian nation. I will quote to you, brethren, a few lines from a hymn which I remember to have repeated from my earliest boyhood, which is every day repeated by millions of human beings: "As the different streams having their sources in different paths which men take through different tendencies, various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee."
    The present convention, which is one of the most august assemblies ever held, is in itself a vindication, a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita: "Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to me." Sectarianism, bigotry, and its horrible descendant, fanaticism, have long possessed this beautiful earth.
    They have filled the earth with violence, drenched it often and often with human blood, destroyed civilization and sent whole nations to despair. Had it not been for these horrible demons, human society would be far more advanced than it is now. But their time is come; and I fervently hope that the bell that tolled this morning in honor of this convention may be the death-knell of all fanaticism, of all persecutions with the sword or with the pen, and of all uncharitable feelings between persons wending their way to the same goal.

  25. Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893). This was the first World's Parliament of Religions and it was held from 11 to 27.
    Concluding Address -- Chicago, September 27, 1893
    The World's Parliament of Religions has become an accomplished fact, and the merciful Father has helped those who labored to bring it into existence, and crowned with success their most unselfish labor.My thanks to those noble souls whose large hearts and love of truth first dreamed this wonderful dream and then realized it. My thanks to the shower of liberal sentiments that has overflowed this platform. My thanks to this enlightened audience for their uniform kindness to me and for their appreciation of every thought that tends to smooth the friction of religions. A few jarring notes were heard from time to time in this harmony. My special thanks to them, for they have, by their striking contrast, made general harmony the sweeter.
    Much has been said of the common ground of religious unity. I am not going just now to venture my own theory. But if any one here hopes that this unity will come by the triumph of any one of the religions and the destruction of the others, to him I say, "Brother, yours is an impossible hope." Do I wish that the Christian would become Hindu? God forbid. Do I wish that the Hindu or Buddhist would become Christian? God forbid.
    The seed is put in the ground, and earth and air and water are placed around it. Does the seed become the earth, or the air, or the water? No. It becomes a plant. It develops after the law of its own growth, assimilates the air, the earth, and the water, converts them into plant substance, and grows into a plant.
    Similar is the case with religion. The Christian is not to become a Hindu or a Buddhist, nor a Hindu or a Buddhist to become a Christian. But each must assimilate the spirit of the others and yet preserve his individuality and grow according to his own law of growth.
    If the Parliament of Religions has shown anything to the world, it is this: It has proved to the world that holiness, purity and charity are not the exclusive possessions of any church in the world, and that every system has produced men and women of the most exalted character.
    In the face of this evidence, if anybody dreams of the exclusive survival of his own religion and the destruction of the others, I pity him from the bottom of my heart, and point out to him that upon the banner of every religion will soon be written in spite of resistance: "Help and not fight," "Assimilation and not Destruction," "Harmony and Peace and not Dissension."

  26. On 14th September 1949 Hindi was adopted as the Official Language of the Union of India. Later in 1950, the Constitution of India declared Hindi in the Devanagari script as the Official language of India. Apart from Hindi, English is also recognized as an Official Language of India. Different states of India identify their own official languages through legislation.Hindi is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40% of the Indian population. In 1950 it was declared that the use of English was to be put to an end, 15 years after the formation of the Constitution (by 26th January 1965). This decision was not met with gladly by non-Hindi speaking areas of India, such as South India (since their languages are not remotely similar to Hindi). Keeping this in mind, the Parliament brought into force the Official Languages Act 1963 which allowed the continuation of the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes after 1965. Some North Eastern states like Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland have English as their official language.
    Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group. Later Hindi was influenced by Persian and the Mughals made their own modifications to the language along the way. Even though Hindi has evolved from Sanskrit, many of its words find their origin in Arabic or Persian. Hindi also takes credit for being a “link language” as it has brought together the large Indian Diaspora living around the world and has reduced the gap between North and South India. Hindi as a language has travelled across the globe and is spoken not only in India, but also in countries like Mauritius, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa and New Zealand.
    Hindi takes pride in being the mother tongue of 180 million people and the second language of 300 million people. Mahatma Gandhi used Hindi to unite India and hence the language is also known as the “Language of Unity”. The Hindi word “Swadeshi” has found mention in the Oxford Dictionary and is a historic moment and matter of great pride.
    Introducing Hindi to a global audience has not been an easy task and keeping in mind the importance of the language, former US President, George Bush put in place a budget of $114 million to make Hindi a part of the school syllabus to be taught from Kindergarten to the graduate level. Apart from this many Hindi words, such as Guru, Nirvana, Roti and Adda are accepted and understood around the world.
    Hindi has also begun to be accepted in South India, a part of the country which was initially not ready to accept Hindi as a national language. In 1997, the former Chief Minister of Karnataka, Deve Gowda spoke up regarding the promotion of Hindi, later Karunanidhi, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu recited a poem in Hindi during a campaign and Jayalalitha also campaigned in Hindi for the promotion of the language.
    14th September is now recognized as Hindi Diwas and is celebrated every year. Many schools, colleges and organizations celebrate this day with special competitions, such as poetry writing, story recitation, essay writing and Hindi vocabulary quizzes.

  27. लगा रहे प्रेम हिंदी में, पढूं हिंदी, लिखूं हिंदी,
    चलन हिंदी.. चलूं मै हिंदी.. पहरना, ओढ़ना खाना
    राम प्रसाद बिस्मिल की ये कविता अपने आप में हिंदी के महत्व को बयां करती है। हिंदी केवल हमारी भाषा ही नहीं बल्कि मां है। हिंदी हमारी भाषा का वो धागा है जिसने हमें और आपको एक सूत्र में बांधे रखा है।

  28. International Day of Democracy is observed by the countries around the world on September 15. This observance is one of the UN International Days and it was established in 2007.
    September 15 was chosen to be International Day of Democracy to commemorate adoption of a Universal Declaration on Democracy by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in 1997. The Declaration affirmed the principles and elements of democracy exercised by the democratic government and the international scope of democracy.
    Democracy, sustainable peace and conflict prevention cannot be achieved if women—half of the population—are left behind. This year's International Day of Democracy (15 September) theme, “Democracy and Conflict Prevention”, calls for “strong leadership to support democracy, strengthen civil society, empower women and uphold the rule of law”.
    The International Day of Democracy ensures if the people are getting the human rights, precisely the right to political and civil freedom. Also, the observance of the day ensures equal participation of all the members of society.

  29. As we all know that the habit of cleanliness is in our tradition and culture. Our grandparents teach us properly to be clean always and promote us to do worship and eat meal after taking morning bath. They teach us to eat food only after doing proper hand wash and touch holy books and other holy things with clean hands. Even in some houses there are restrictions of entering to the temple and kitchen without taking bath. Priests tell us to take bath, wash hands and wear clean clothes before appear to the God or involve in the puja or katha.
    Many great people and social reformers in India (like Mahatma Gandhi, etc) had worked hard for the maintenance of personal and surrounding cleanliness to be physically, mentally, and spiritually healthy. Now-a-days, a clean India campaign called #SwachhBharatAbhiyan has been run by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi in order to maintain the cleanliness in surroundings and make India a clean India.Srimad Bhagavatam also explains the internal and external cleanliness as "My dear Uddhava, general cleanliness, washing the hands, bathing, performing religious services at sunrise, noon and sunset, worshiping Me, visiting holy places, chanting japa, avoiding that which is untouchable, uneatable or not to be discussed, and remembering My existence within all living entities as the Paramatman — these principles should be followed by all members of society through regulation of the mind, words and body."
    As we know that Mr. Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of our country, has kick started the campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or ‘Clean India’ campaign with great gusto all across India to encourage people maintain high standard of cleanliness and hygiene at all places, be it our homes, workplaces, public places, streets/roads, etc so it becomes our responsibility too to inculcate the same spirit in our students.
    When we know that Cleanliness is next to Godliness, so why are we still insensitive towards this issue? Unhygienic conditions can cause many serious health hazards including causing harm to the environment in the form of pollution. In filthy surroundings, germs spread all around, which we cannot see though our naked eyes and how fast these germs multiply we cannot possibly imagine. If pollution will increase in our environment – it will start breeding such diseases as asthma, cancer, chest congestion, lung infection thereby resulting in a person’s death.
    So it’s high time when we should raise the consciousness of masses towards maintain cleanliness so that we can protect our environment and save the lives of hundreds of people who die due to unhygienic surroundings. #SwachhBharatAbhiyan

  30. Mahalaya marks the end of the Shraadhh period or Pitri Paksha, the ceremony in which three generations of ancestors are invited to a meal and an offering of rice cakes is made. This also heralds the beginning of Devi Paksha. Starting on the sixth day, Durga Puja, the most famous festival for Bengalis, is celebrated with full fanfare.
    According to mythology, it is said that the goddess Durga was created with the blessings of all the other gods, especially Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, so as to defeat the demon king Mahishasura, who had received a boon that he could not be killed by any man or god – which is why, the creation of the goddess. Durga is said to have been formulated from the powers of the gods’ court, and was bestowed with the various weapons borrowed from her creators – symbolically held in the 10 hands that are attached to the goddess’ body – which were then used in her fight against Mahishasura.
    The fight with the demon king starts the next day, when both the goddess and the demon take on different personas in the battle, and on the 10th is when Durga is successful in killing Mahishasura, much to the delight of the gods and the world.
    The goddess is considered as the epitome of power showing victory of good over evil. It is also believed that Lord Rama performed Durga Puja on this day before leaving for Lanka to rescue his wife Sita, whom Ravana had kidnapped.
    The word Mahalaya, derived from 'maha' meaning great and 'alaya' meaning abode, is a Sanskrit word and marks the beginning of one of the biggest festivals in India- Durga Puja. The countdown to Durga Puja begins from Mahalaya as festivities unfold in full swing. Mahalaya is an oratorical invocation to the goddess Durga, and heralds her descent on earth. Its Sanskrit chants entreats the goddess to come and save us from evil powers, and it also marks the beginning of 'Devi' paksha and the end of 'Pitru' paksha. This year the Pitru paksha began on September 5 and will end on September 19. Durga Puja, which is usually celebrated from Shasthi onward, will begin on September 26 and continue till September 30 (Dashami).
    The holy occasion of Mahalaya is the first day of Durga Puja or Navratri that will start on 19th September, 2017 and end on 30th September, 2017 with Dussehra. This day marks the beginning of Durga puja or Navratri and on this day, prayers are offered to invite goddess Durga to descend on earth and bless her devotees. This day also marks the last day of Shradh 2017 or Pitru Paksha.

  31. Happy Navratri 2017:
    Navratri is a festival dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Durga. The word Navaratri means 'nine nights' in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights.During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Devi are worshipped. The tenth day is commonly referred to as Vijayadashami or "Dussehra" (also spelled Dasera). This year, Navratri begins on September 21 and ends on September 29, and the 10th day will be celebrated as Dussehra.
    Goddess Durga is an embodiment of Shakti who overcame the evils of the world. May this Navratri, everyone uses Her blessings and power to overcome their problems in life.With God Durga showering her grace and blessings to fill our home and hearts with it. May this Navaratri be extra special to share this moment with the world. Nava Durga has come to our presence to grace us with her supremacy, let us worship her with happiness and spirit cherish her blessings and celebrate with our loved ones wish you all a Happy Navratri!
    *N = Nav Chetna
    A = Akhand Jyoti
    V = Vighna Nashak
    R = Ratjageshwari
    A = Anand Dayi
    T = Trikal Darshi
    R = Rakhan Karti
    A = Anand Mayi Maa
    May Nav Durga bless you always.
    Wish you and your family a very Happy Navratri!

  32. Navratri First Day September 21 , 2017 : Welcome Maa Shailputri
    The first form of Maa Durga is Shailputri, who was born to the King of Mountains. In Sanskrit, Shail means the mountain and ‘putri’ means daughter. Goddess Shailputri is an absolute form of Mother Nature and is also referred to as Goddess Parvati, the companion of Lord Shiva and mother of Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya.
    As per the Mythology, it is said that Shailputri in her earlier birth was the daughter born to, Daksh Prajapati. She was named as ‘Sati’ and was married to Lord Shiva. In a sacrificial ceremony planned by Daksh Prajapati, he offended Lord Shiva as he was not in favor of this marriage. In this unendurable situation, Sati sacrificed her body and jumped into a yogic fire.
    In her next birth she incarnated as Goddess Parvati, the daughter of Parvatraj Himalaya. Like her previous birth in this life also, she got married to Lord Shiva. Among all the nine forms of Goddess Durga, she has been referred to as Shailputri or Himavati. Hence, on the first day of Navratra, she is worshiped with great devotion and zeal.In the form of Shailputri, Goddess Durga is worshiped as a girl child i.e. the first phase of womanhood.
    While worshiping Goddess Shailputri, devotees chant “Om Devi Shailputryai Swaha” for 108 times.
    Also, they recite
    Vande Vanchhit Laabhaay, Chandrardhkritshekharaam |
    Vrisharudham Shooldharaam Shailputriim Yashaswinim ||
    Meaning: “I worship Goddess Shailputri to fulfill my wishes, who is adorned with half moon on her head, rides on a bull, carry a trident and is illustrious.”
    Maa Shailaputri is of immense importance and her glories are endless. She is the Devi of the root chakra, who, upon awakening, begins Her journey upwards.Shailputri holds in her two hands a trident and a lotus. She is mounted upon a bull called Nandi. Sitting on Nandi, and making her first journey from the Muladarachakra. As from her father to her husband – the awakening Shakti, beginning Her search for Lord Shiva or making a move towards her Shiva.
    As per Tantra spiritual practice, Maa Shailputri is the goddess of the Mūlādhāra Chakra (Muladhara Chakra) or the Root chakra, and upon awakening this Shakti Chakra, one begins their journey to the spiritual awakening and to their root purpose in life. Just as the womb of the mother creates the basic requirement for the growth of the embryo, the Mūlādhāra Chakra forms the basis and the starting point for our spiritual development. It is the foundation from which we climb the ladder of the Chakras; the root from which we receive the nourishment for our spiritual development. For this reason, and because it lies at the lowest point of the spinal column below the Coccyx, it also bears the name "Root Chakra". Without energising the muladhara chakra one doesn't have the power and strength to do anything worthwhile. It is said that one should worship Maa Shailputri to make full use of this precious human life. Therefore, this Avatar of Goddess Durga is worshipped on the very first day of Navratri.
    So that, In navrati pooja the first day Yogi’s keep their mind concentrated on Muladhara. This is the starting point of their spiritual discipline. They started their Yogasadhna from here. Shaila Putri is the Mooladhara Shakti to be realized within Self and sought for higher depths, in the yogic meditation.
    It is believed that the Moon, the provider of all fortunes, is governed by Goddess Shailputri and any bad effect of the Moon can be overcome by worshiping this form of Adi Shakti.
    May Goddess bless us all!

  33. Apart from worshiping the nine roopa’s of Goddess Durga some sadhaks also propicate 10 form of Godess Kali popularly known as Dus Mahavidya. The worshiping of Dus Mahavidya is known for destroying negative tendencies. It can also be performed for fulfillment o desires, like to attain victory in court cases, for abundance of wealth, to cure any sort of disease, to defeat rivals, to remove poverty for to bring luck and money and to safeguard oneself against any type of black magic. The worship of these mahavidya also safeguards one against evil planetary effects.
    In Chamunda Tantra we find the names of 10 Mahavidya As-
    Kali Tara Mahavidya Shorashi Bhuveneshwari
    Bhairavi Chinnamasta cha Vidya Dhumavati tatha
    Vagala Sidhdhavidya cha Matangi Kamalatmika
    Ete dus mahavidya sidhdhavidya prakirtita.
    Fierce of ultimate prosperity giver in nature these Mahavidya are identified as -
    KALI - This "Devourer of Time" is worshipped as the very essence of the Brahman or the Supreme Self. Kali is regarded as the Supreme Deity of Kalikula systems
    TARA - the Goddess is worshiped as guide and protector and savior the one who gives ultimate knowledge which gives salvation (also known as Neel Saraswati
    LALITA TRIPURA Sundari – Also known as shodashi, she is the one who is “most beautiful in the Three Worlds" (Supreme Deity Srikula systems); the "Tantric Parvati" or the "Moksha Mukta".
    BHUVANESHWARI - the Goddess as World Mother, or Whose Body is the Cosmo
    BHAIRAVI - the fierce warrior Goddess
    CHINAMMASTIKA - The self-decapitated Goddess, who holds her neck in her hands
    DHUMAVATI - T he Widow Goddess or the Goddess of death.
    BAGALAMUKHI -The Goddess Who Paralyzes Enemies.
    MATANGI - the Prime Minister of Lalita (in Srikula systems); the "Tantric Saraswati"
    KAMALA -The Lotus Goddess; the "Tantric Lakshmi"
    Origin of 10 Mahavidya:
    The "Brihat Dharma Purana" describes the mythology of how these ten "figures" appeared. According to this mythology, Sati, wife of Lord Shiva, wanted to go to her father's house, because her father, Daksha, was organizing a huge "yagya" (fire sacrifice). Daksha invited everyone except Lord Shiva and daughter Sati.
    Furious, Sati insisted on attending the sacrifice, in spite of Shiva forbidding her from doing so. Her anger transformed Sati into a terrible presence, which multiplied into the ten Mahavidya. These Goddesses jointly subdued Shiva's resistance and thereby, Sati proceeded ahead to attend the sacrificial ritual.
    As per another legend Lord Shiva and Parvati are believed to have played numerous love games with each other. On one such occasion, things went a bit too far with a mock fight, with Shiva threatening to walk out on Parvati. Goddess tried to pacify him but lord Shiva refused to listen to her and tried to move on
    On this goddess decided to take ten different forms of her, each facing one of the ten directions, trying to stop Shiva. This made Shiva realize the true degree of their eternal love and endless powers of herself,
    Thus originated Dus Mahavidya- the great Goddesses of Wisdom. These Mahavidya guide us, inspiring us to search for and find the spiritual beings lying dormant within us.

  34. Ma Kali- The Eternal Night
    "Kali Kali Mahakali Kalike Papanasini
    Khadgahaste Mundahaste Kali Kali Namostu Te"
    Fiercest among deities, Goddess Ma Kali maintains the principal position among all the ten significant Dus Mahavidya. The name Kali comes from Sanskrit word kala, which means black, time, death or lord of death. Kali slays the ego of person.
    Kali is depicted with four arms. In two hands, she holds a sword and a freshly severed head, representing the fierce battle in which she destroyed the demon Raktabija. The other two hands bless her devotees, granting them liberation in this life and in the next. Kali wears a garland of 52 skulls and a skirt of dismembered arms because the ego comes out of identification with the body. Her black or dark blue skin represents the womb from which all creation springs forth and into which all of creation will ultimately return. She is the pure, un-manifested energy, the Adishakti. Goddess Kali is depicted placing one foot on Lord Shiva, who is pure formless awareness Sat-Chit-Ananda. Here, Kali represents "form" eternally supported by pure awareness.
    By propitiating Goddess Kali one can be blessed with all Asht sidhis. Kali sadhana can safeguard native against prolonged illness, incurable diseases, evil spirit and black magic, debts, professional stagnation and uncertainty, regular and recurring problems & defamation originating through unknown causes and from bad influence of planet Saturn.

  35. Happy Agrasen Jayanti :-
    Maharaja Agrasen, the king of Agroha, born to king Vallabh of Pratapnagar some 5182 years back. Maharaja Agrasen, was king of great administrative skill. His concepts of kingdom and the duties of the king towards his subjects have evolved him as a centurial man. Equality, Nationalism, Socialism and Non-Violence were the principles which formed the backbone of his kingship.
    Agrasen divided his kingdom among his 18 children, resulting in eighteen Agrawal gotras. Often, the number of gotras is stated to be seventeen. Another version suggests that Agrasen proceeded to conduct 18 mahayajnas ("Great yajnas"). During one such yajna, Agrasen noticed that a horse that had been brought to be sacrificed was trying hard to get away from the sacrificial altar. Seeing this Maharaj Agrasen was filled with compassion for the animal. The idea of ahimsa (non-violence) grabbed his mind. Therefore, he put a brake to his eighteenth yajna, announcing that no sacrifices will be made in his kingdom in name of yajnas. Thus, the eighteenth yajna wasn't completed and Agrasen had performed seventeen and a half yajnas. The gods appeared before him and blessed him with seventeen and a half gotras.
    Maharaja Agrasen was a doer (a Karmyogi) who conjured prosperity for all. An adherent of Socialism, he devised a unique rule in order to ensure an egalitarian society. He promulgated that any person coming to Agroha to settle down permanently, shall be given one rupee, one brick, by each resident of Agroha.With the bricks he could build a house for living and with the money so collected he could set up his own business. This way through a small help by each a person could attain a equal status in the society of equals.
    He adopted the ideal of Non-Violence during the 18th Yagna, wherein he realized the futility of animal sacrifices. The Yagna was being performed for the establishment of the 18th Gotra. This realization led him to become one of the strong protagonist of ’Non-Violence’
    "Instead of targeting a crane with an arrow,
    I wish to see it flying;
    Instead of eating away a nightingale,
    I wish to hear it singing"
    He banned all animal sacrifices.
    However, his belief in nonviolence did not mean non-resistance to oppression,rather he promoted self defence. According to him self protection and national defence were not the task of only kshatryas - the warrior caste, rather it is the duty of each citizen to protect and safeguard his motherland.
    The ideas of Equality, Socialism and non-violence propounded by Maharaj Agrasen 5000 years back form the spirit of the present Constitution of India. But, we Indians have not been able to cultivate these ideals into our lives, they remain simply words in our constitution. It lies upon us now to adopt these ideals in our lives as a tribute to our progenitor.
    Today Agrawals are basically a commercial community . They are one of the most respectable and enterprising of mercantile tribes. Two of Emperor Akbar's famous ministers are said to have been Agrawals, viz, Todarmal who introduced an assessment of land, and Madhushah, who introduced ‘Madhushahi’ pice.

  36. Navratri 2nd Day September 22, 2017 Maa Brahmacharini Devi :
    Maa Brahmacharini Devi is the goddess who stands for the celibacy time of a person’s life those who worship her are bestowed upon with the blessings of never ending will, balance in mental perception and emotional balance.
    On the second day of Navratri festival, the devotees worship goddess Brahmacharni, who is one of the nine forms of goddess Durga. This day is meant to signify the pinnacle of piousness.The appearance of goddess Brahmacharini is quiet and absorbed in meditation. This second form of the goddess gives gives infallible fruits. By worshiping her the virtues like penancing, renouncing, dispassion, ethical conduct and restraint in a person is increased.Goddess Brahmacharini is the second power of the goddess. She is a unique blend of radiance. She can be seen performing rigorous austerity and deeply involved in meditation. The effect of rigorous austerity can be seen on her face which highlights all the three worlds. The blessings of the goddess helps in achieving success and wisdom. The goddess Brahmacharni wears white saree with light orange shaded border, holding Kamandal or water pot in one hand and Rosary in the other. The persons who worship Maa Brahmacharni with full devotion, do fast and chant mantras during second day, blessed with success, wisdom and knowledge.
    Devotees who wish for spirituality and spiritual bliss get it all by worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini. The second form of goddess is considered the center of penance which connects with the worshipper and helps him to achieve control on his senses and attain salvation. On this day, the worshipper’s mind is established into Swadishthan cycle and receives the blessings from Goddess Brahmacharini.The person who establishes Swadhisthan Chakra while worshipping the goddess gets all his desires fulfilled.It is said that Goddess Brahmcharini helps her devotees to overcome problems and also strengths them to strike perfect balance between emotions and confidence. She always shows the right path and strives to move ahead in life even in the darkest hour.
    2. Yā dēvī sarvabhūtēṣu mām̐ brahmacāriṇī rūpēṇa sansthitā |
    Namastasyai namastasyai namastasyai namō nama: ||
    Dadhānā kara padmābhyāma akṣamālā kamaṇḍalū |
    Dēvī prasīdatu ma’ī brahmacāriṇyanuttamā ||
    The meaning of this Mantra is that Goddess Brahmchaarini wears white color clothes, she holds rudraksh mala, lotus flower, kamandalu, in her hands. Goddess brahmcharini is the “tapaswini” roop of goddess.. who gives freedom from Kaama, krodha.
    Several devotees visit and offer prasad at Kanya kumari shaktipeeth where she is worshiped as a Sanyasini. We hope on the second day of Navratri Goddess Brahmcharini blesses every one of you to move towards the path of spirituality. Happy Navratri!
    Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah॥

  37. Navratri Garba Dance & Dandiya Raas is the Gujarati folk dance. The word is taken from the two Sanskrit words “Garbh” means womb and “Deep” means lamp. It is required to light a lamp in the clay lantern or in front of the images of Goddesses Shakti for Garba and people play Garba around it. In earlier days people were gathered in their streets and play Garba in a simple manner that was known as Garbi.
    Garba & Dandiya are the featured dances of Navratri evenings in Gujarat. Garba Dance is a popular folk Dance of Gujarat. Dandiya dance is performed by a group who move in circles to measure steps, marking time by sticks called dandia. The sticks of the dance represent the sword of Durga.
    Dandiyas (the colorful wooden sticks), the costume (chaniya choli) and the dance (Garba) the Navrathri combination is incomplete without them.he Dandiya Raas has men and women in two circles, dancing to the beats of the Dhol (drum) with the sticks (dandiya) colliding to produce a uniform sound.The origin of Garba is for devotional reasons which was performed in honor of Goddess Durga. The dance form is a mock fight between the Goddess and Mahishasura, the mighty demon-king.Nicknamed “The Sword Dance” the dancers move on their feet to the rhythmic music of the dhol which is often the complementary percussion instrument to set feet tapping.
    The difference between Garba and Dandiya is Garba is performed before Aarti (worshipping ritual), while Dandiya is performed after the Aarti, as a part of the merriment. Men and women join in for both Raas Dandiya and Garba.Garba Raas is predominately celebrated in Gujarat, but has extended itself to other festivals like Harvest festivals. Navratri has spread to the southern states of India which heralds the important festival of Dusshera.

  38. September 22, 2016: The Spiritual Significance of the Equinox :
    There are two equinoxes every year – in September and March – when the sun shines directly on the equator and the length of day and night is nearly equal.The September equinox occurs the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator – the imaginary line in the sky above Earth’s Equator – from north to south. The Equinox falls on September 22nd, when the hours of light and dark are the same. This time represents a shift in the seasons, and a time where the energy of the Sun and Moon are in complete balance. This is the reason it's called an "equinox," derived from Latin, meaning "equal night." However, even if this is widely accepted, it isn't entirely true. In reality, equinoxes don't have exactly 12 hours of daylight.
    In the Northern Hemisphere, the September equinox marks the start of fall (autumn). Many cultures and religions celebrate holidays and festivals around the equinox.A famous ancient equinox celebration was the Mayan sacrificial ritual by the main pyramid at Chichen Itza, Mexico. The pyramid, known as El Castillo, has 4 staircases running from the top to the bottom of the pyramid's faces, notorious for the bloody human sacrifices that used to take place here. The staircases are built at a carefully calculated angle which makes it look like an enormous snake of sunlight slithers down the stairs on the day of the equinox.
    We are all connected to this earth and to each other, so when significant changes in nature occur, we often feel them resonating within our own soul.
    In the Northern Hemisphere, the trees are getting ready to shed their leaves and let go of all the old in order to prepare for winter.
    In the Southern Hemisphere, the flowers are beginning to bloom and greenery is returning after the winter.
    These changes will be reflected in our own vibration and we may find that our energies begin syncing up with that of Mother Earth.
    The Universe always speaks to us through nature, so it is important to observe how you feel and how the energy of the Equinox is guiding you. Every soul is different, and every soul has a different journey, so pay attention to what feels right to you.
    Many years ago, the Equinox was considered to be a highly sacred and potent time of change, but now most of us tend to disregard the amazing transformation and change of our external environment.
    This Equinox comes as a reminder that we all change and that transformation is natural and a normal part of life.
    If the trees resisted the shedding process, they would not be prepared for what is to come. If the flower resisted to bloom, they would never know the fullness of their own beauty.
    Just the same, we have to trust that whatever we release and whatever we feel called to bloom, will only be preparing us for what is ahead.

  39. Navratri 3rd Day September 23 , 2017 : Maa Chandraghanta
    At Navratri 3rd day we worship to Maa Chandraghanta for their blessing to make our life happy and joyful.She is the bestower of peace and serenity.
    Maa Chandraghanta is a very beautiful manifestation of Durga as she wears a half moon in the bell shape that is why she is called as “Chandra” meaning moon and “Ghanta” meaning bell the one who wears Chandraghanta. The story of the origin of this roop of Durga began when Parvati wanted to marry lord Shiva and after her resolute efforts finally Shiva agreed to marry her.
    Goddess Chandraghanta is the representation of Supreme bliss and knowledge. It is said that by Her blessings, all the sins, sufferings, bad energies etc are eliminated from Her devotees' life.Chandraghanta is peaceful and is believed to be there for the welfare of her devotees. It is also believed that the sound of the moon shaped bell on her forehead, wards of evil spirits from her devotees.By riding a tiger She inspires Her devotees to be fearless. By worshipping Goddess Chandraghanta one gets rid of all the worldly sorrows and attains supreme spiritual bliss.She is known for her beauty that is often compared to the moon. She has a half moon on her forehead in the shape of a bell, hence her name is Chandraghanta.The bell smites all evil demons and instills fear in their hearts.
    Her complexion resembles the gold and she rides a lion. She has ten arms and three eyes. She has weapons in her hands that potrays bravery and strength.
    Shiva as we know is the universal acceptor and is worshiped by all creatures be it humans, demons, goblins, ogres, gods, spirits, ghosts and paranormal beings.
    According to legends, when Sati burned her body in the yagya agni, she took rebirth as Parvati to Parvatraj Himalaya. Parvati married Lord Shiva. On the day of their marriage, Lord Shiva arrived with all his Aghoris and Ghosts to take Devi Parvati along with him. On seeing this form of Shiva, her parents and all the guests were horrified.Looking at all this, Parvati transformed herself into Goddess Chandraghanta and approached Lord Shiva. She requested him to reappear in the form of a charming prince. In the mean time, she revived her family from the shock and erased all their unpleasant memories. Since then, Devi Parvati is worshiped in her Chandraghanta avatar as the goddess of peace and forgiveness.
    One can invoke Maa with this mantra -
    Ya devi Sarvabhutishu Maa Chandraghanta Roopen Sansthita
    Namastasye namastasye namastasye Namo Namah
    It means, I join hands in front of the supreme Goddess and adore the goddess with a bell shaped mark of moon on her forehead and I ask for the forgiveness for all the bad deeds I have done in my life.
    Pindaj Pravaarudh chandkopastrkairyuta | Prasadam Tanute Madhyam Chandraghanteti vishrutaa ||
    This means "Oh Goddess Chandraghanta who rides a tiger and holds weapons in Her 10 hands, shower your blessings on me."
    Maa has a body of gold and she rides on a lion. She has ten hands, out of which eight carries weapons to destroy the evil and wrongdoer while two are in a position of giving blessings and stopping harm.She is always ready to help her devotees, to kill the evils troubling them and bless them with peaceful life.
    With a crescent moon on her forehead, elegant garb and weapons in her hands she gives appearance of a strong female with composed countenance.She establishes justice and gives her devotees the courage and strength to fight challenges.
    The devotee who solely worships this deity certainly gets abundant positive aura that makes one to shine among chaos of people. Grace and glory of this Goddess is eternal. Purify yourself and devote your dedication toward Goddess Chandraghanta; it will definitely diminish all miseries of materialistic world.
    Om Devi Chandraghantayayi Namah !

  40. Navratri 4th Day September 24 , 2017: Maa Kushmanda
    At Navratri 4th day people worship to Maa Kushmanda to get their blessing for the happiness and prosperity.
    Her name means 'the cosmic egg' and she is considered the creator of the universe. She nurtures the entire universe with her divine and gentle smile that revered her with name 'Kushmanda'. The word kushmanda denotes word 'ku' 'ushma' and 'anda'. The first word 'ku' means little, 'ushma' means warmth and 'anda' is denoted for egg. She creates the whole universe as a little cosmic egg. Grace and dignity of Maa Kushmanda is truly incredible. Her beauty is boundless. She is represented with eight-arm holding Kamandalu, Gada (bludgeon), Dhanush (arc), Chakra, lotus-flower and other edges. Her eighth arm is blessed with a Japmala (rosary) that offers all types of Siddhi (perfection) and Nidhi (treasure) to her devotees. She resides on Saurmandal (solar system). Like Sun illuminates and removes darkness from Earth, her boundless blaze gives light in life of human being. She bestows brightness, clarity and profound peace to her adorers. Her gleam is eternal. Illumination that we see around ten directions is only because of her spark and divine luster. As per the Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu was able to start creating the universe when Maa Kushmanda smiled like a flower which blossomed with a bud. She created the world from nothing, at the time when there was eternal darkness al around. This Swarup of Maa Durga is the source of all. Since she created the universe, she is called Adiswarup and Adishakti.
    Maa Kushmanda represents Anahata Chakra in spiritual practice. The divine blessings of Maa Kushmanda helps you improve your health and wealth. She removes all the hurdles and troubles from your life and enables you to get rid of all sorts sorrows in life. Maa brings light into darkness and establishes harmony in your life.
    chanting the following mantra:
    Yādēvīsarvabhūtēṣumāmkushmandarūpēṇasansthitā |Namastasyainamastasyainamastasyainamōnama: ||
    The mantra means: Worship her to obtain and be blessed with inner strength, good health and prosperity.
    ( i ) Om Devi Kushmandayayi Namah
    ( ii ) Suraasampoorna Kalasham Rudhiraaplutamev Cha | Dadhaanaa Hastpadmaabhyaam Kushmanda Shubhdaastu Me ||
    Which means, Goddess Kushmanda who holds two pitchers full of Madira and Blood in her lotus hands, be propitious to me.
    Goddess Kushmanda is Mother of Sun. She creates the entire universe and solar system. Devotees must worship her in order to get success in her creation.
    Om Maa Kushmandayayi Namah !

  41. Vahan of Goddess Durga in 2017 !
    In Hinduism, every deity is displayed atop a ‘Vahana’ (typically an animal) which represents a particular quality. A Hindu deity and their ‘vahan’ symbolically represent a reciprocal relationship.
    Sometimes, these animals stand for the evil over which the deity holds a strong control. For example, Lord Ganesha mounts over a rat, which represents useless thoughts, Lord Shiva mounts over Nandi (the bull), which stands for strength and virility.
    Likewise, Goddess Durga is seen mounting over a lion (in general), which stands for immeasurable power, but each year, she alters her emblematic ride for both her arrival and departure during Navratri. Though, her nine manifestations during Navratri arrive on different Vahans (mount) that symbolize a special message for the world.
    As per Hindu beliefs, Maa Durga changes her mode of transportation; besides Lion, who is her vital mount, she has four other Vahans- elephant, horse, boat, and a palanquin.
    There is also another notion related to Goddess Durga’s Vahan- apparently every year, she arrives and departs on two different Vahans, but whenever she chooses to stick to one particular ride, both the times, it means doomsday.
    Her arrival and departure on the same ride indicate upheaval, natural disasters, wars and social unrest, leading to distress among mankind. As per Hindu beliefs, Maa Durga changes her mode of transportation; beside Lion, who is her vital mount, she has four other vahans- elephant, horse, boat and palanquin.
    For this year, Goddess Durga chose a palanquin to be her Vahana for arrival on Thursday, September 21, 2017, and surprisingly, she would depart on the same Vahan, here’s what this ‘sanyog’ indicates…
    Palanquin :
    It is represented by four men carrying a person on a haulier; here it means outbreak of an epidemic. Maa Durga arriving or departing on this Vahan interprets that unless, humans help each other and stand united, the upcoming epidemic would be their toughest journey ever. (And, that’s not even worse.)
    Elephant :
    It indicates peace and prosperity, so Maa Durga arriving or departing on this Vahan, means she’ll be filling your life with good deeds, blessings, results of your hard work and happiness.
    A sign of water transport, the boat, here represents both flood and good harvest. Maa Durga arriving on this or leaving would mean she would bless you with everything that you need to reach your ultimate desire.
    Horse (Turang):
    The animal in this context represents destruction. So, if it means Goddess Durga is arriving on this mount, it’s a warning on an impending doom. Everything that comes her way would be the victim of destruction.

  42. World Rivers Day September 24 ,2017 :-World Rivers Day takes place annually on the last Sunday of September. Its aim is to raise our voices in unison against destructive water development projects, reclaim the health of our rivers and watersheds, and demand the equitable and sustainable management of our waterways. By acting together, we will demonstrate that these issues are not merely local, but global in scope.
    It is a day to take to the streets, demonstrate and demand improvements in the policies and practices of decision makers. It is a day to educate one another about the threats facing our rivers, and learn about better water and energy solutions. Above all, it is a day to unite – by acting together, we demonstrate that these issues are not merely local, but global in scope.
    World Rivers Day is a celebration of the world’s waterways. Running since 2005, it highlights the many values of rivers and strives to increase public awareness and hopefully encourage the improved stewardship of rivers around the world. Rivers in every country face an array of threats, and only our active involvement will ensure their health in the years ahead. World Rivers Day organizers encourage all of you to come out and participate. In particular, consider starting a Rivers Day event of your own, which might range from a stream cleanup to a community riverside celebration.
    In one of his poems, Fulgêncio wrote "The river is our life-water. What we do with it affects the life of the people, the life of the animals, the life of the river, and the life of the waters. This is true for the world, not just for Brazil."There is a Ladakhi saying that goes, "without water, there is no life." May we protect our water as we would our own lives.
    #RallyForRivers #WorldRiversDay

  43. Happy Daughter's Day :
    Daughter's Day is celebrated annually on the 4th Sunday in month of September .It is rightly said that a daughter may outgrow your lap but will never outgrow your heart. There is no denying the fact that a daughter is always special. The bond that daughters share with their parents is for life and even when she becomes a wife or a mother herself she never forgets her parents. Today on September 24, 2017, India is celebrating Daughter’s Day and parents are busy looking with misty eyes towards their precious girl who would always be a princess and a little baby in their view. Daughters and daughter-in-law hold a very significant role in their family. They are the ones who uphold the dignity, love, and honor of the family. They are revered too and in a lot of ways are more pampered than their brothers.
    Daughter's Day is dedicated to all the daughters of the world. It is the day to celebrate the most beautiful blessing of God called daughter.
    English Poem – HAPPY DAUGHTERS’ DAY
    by BY SARHARI.
    O’ Almighty , Omnipresent , the Power Supreme,
    Bless us and kindness on us all shower extreme,
    The daughters of the earth to You pray,
    Drench us with thy power on this Daughters’ Day!!!!!!
    Heard I in the years bygone,
    Thou saved the honour of them all,
    When they called You, dejected and forlorn,
    They rose with a spirit and never did fall.
    I grew with the growth of the globe,
    And they all grew in me with inexplicable hope
    As I learnt I to plunge and deeply probe,
    The rope appeared serpent and the serpent, a rope.
    My ‘self’ wondered and wandered alone,
    Learning the mysteries of the mysterious way,
    They all stood still with bewildered moan,
    Waiting to be gulped, as a prey.
    Run I with the winding paths galore,
    Each way proving a task to explore,
    They run with me for whom I run,
    The path is broken and I am with none.
    Several died and several live and several vow to win,
    The power , the glory engulfed in enigma,
    Have they learnt to survive through the life’s thick and thin,
    What if life is nothing but a stigma.
    We lived in a country, adorned by spirituality,
    Where women were worshipped akin to Head,
    We live in a country, adorned by immorality,
    Where women are worse-whipped akin to dead.,
    Hear a pray or two of the wretched hearts,
    Lie we all as several parts,
    You live in us and we in you,
    Our dual existence here is so very true.
    Live and let us live in house of glory,
    Mutual respect be the talk of the day,
    We too share the place as creations of Almighty,
    Our lives in full in your hands lay.
    On this Daughters’ Day, a day to remember us all,
    Share a pledge of belonging to us all,
    We find you in all- a husband, a child, a father and a brother,
    Let’s live in peace and take this world further.

  44. Navratri 5th Day September 25 : Maa Sakandamata
    The 5th day of Navratri is dedicated to Goddess Skandamata, the 5th manifestation of Goddess Durga and the mother of Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by the Devatas as their commander in chief in the war against the demons.Skanda is the name given to Kumar Kartikey. Goddess Parvati is mother of Kartikey and thus revered with name 'Skanda mata'. When all Devta (deities), Rishi-Muni (saint, holymen) and Manushya (mankind) was tired from torment as well as domination of colossal giant Tarakasur, Kumar kartikey is the only almighty who demolished the tyranny of Devil Tarakasur. Being the mother of powerful deity Kumar Kartikey, mother Parvati is glorified with name 'Skanda Mata'. She is the true Goddess of endurance.
    She is represented with four-arm holding six-faced infant Kumar Kartikey in her lap. Her both right and left upper hands hold lotus flower. She is also revered with name 'Padamasana devi' as she seats on lotus in state of meditation. Worshipping mother of Skanda on the fifth day of Navratri Pooja has also great significance. Her elegant appearance mesmerizes the worshippers. She is the true Goddess of purity. By offering invocation to this almighty, worshippers can travel the tranquil Universe to pacify their soul and mind. This great journey makes them realize the heavenly truth of life. They leave their sorrows behind and achieve the great and divine contentment in life.
    Worshiping mother Skand on auspicious fifth day of Navratra, devotees experience and realize the immense peace and pleasure in soul and mind. They become entirely free from meaningless anxieties of life and enjoy the divine happiness endowed by mother Skanda. Panchami of Navratri Pooja is completely dedicated to mother Skanda that help devotees to achieve her profound blessings. Her divine luster radiates the life of her devotees. With her grace, all true wishes are accomplished. She never let her devotees return with empty hands.
    Mantra for Skandamata Worship:
    “सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माश्रितकरद्वया |
    शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्द माता यशस्विनी." ||
    Sinhasangata Nityam Padmashritkardvya,
    Shubhdastu Sada Devi Skand Mata Yashswini.
    Skandamata Stuti:
    या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ स्कन्दमाता रूपेण संस्थिता।
    नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
    Yaa Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Skandamata Rupena Samsthita।
    Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
    I hope that Devi Skandamata blesses you and your family with good health this Navratri. Jai Mata Di!

  45. Navaratri 6Th Day September 26 , 2017 : Maa Katyayani
    Divine Goddess Katyayini is the sixth manifestation of Durga and one of the prominent deities among Navdurga. Once there was a great sage named Katya and it was his wish that Maa Durga be born his daughter. He practiced austere penance for several years to please the Gods. The trinity of Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva – got enraged and they designed Goddess Durga, who was an end result of the abilities of all deities. Since she was born to Katya, she was called Katyayani.
    Maa Katyayani has 3 eyes and 4 hands. She holds a sword in Her one left-hand and a lotus in another. The other 2 hands respectively show protecting and allowing actions.
    Her appearance is immensely majestic and divine. She is represented with four-arms. Her upper left hand holds sword and lower left hand represents lotus-flower. Her upper right hand is in Abhaymudra, and lower right hand is in Barmudra. Lion is her procession. Her appearance is imagined with pink Saree wearing white rosary on her neck. Goddess Katyayani also represents divine power for demolishing tyranny and torments of demons and giants. Worshiping this Goddess on the sixth day of Navratri Puja bestows desired husband and accomplishes other true wishes.If you make vow of fasting and worshiping her, she would bless you with the husband you have wished and prayed for. If a lady's marriage is getting delayed due to one or the other reason, she may worship Maa Katyayani to remove obstacles that may be causing delays in her marriage. Worshipers and Sadhak enters in 'Agya Chakra' worshiping Goddess Katyayini on the sixth day of Navratri Pooja. Her grandeur is infinite. She is highly generous toward her worshippers and devotees.
    It is believed that while worshiping Devi Katyayini on the Shashti (sixth day) of Durga Pooja, devotees feel presence of Agya Chakra in their mind and soul. Agya Chakra shows the light to devotees to completely sacrifice everything for Goddess Katyayini. Through this Chakra, devotees get influenced for Sampurna Atmadan (Absolute self-sacrifice) at asylum of devi Katyayini. The feeling of absolute self-sacrifice wins heart of this divine Devi and she accomplishes true desires of her devotees.
    Maa also blesses you with better health and wealth. By worshipping Maa Katyayani, you may develop great strength to fight all disease, sorrows and fears. In order to destruct the sins accumulated over your several lives, you should religiously worship Maa Katyayani.
    Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Maa rupena samsthita I
    Namestasyai Namestasyai Namestasyai II
    The Goddess who is present in the heart of every human being in the form of Devi Katyayani (who removes all the evil things), I owe respect to that Mother Goddess.
    Chandrahasojvalakara Shardulvarvahna |
    Katyayani Shubham Dadhyadevi Danavaghatini ||
    May Maa Katyayani listen to all your desires and accomplished these very soon.

  46. Significance of Growing ‘khetri‘ or barley seeds on first day navratri :On the first day of the Navaratri, grains of barley are planted in pots.
    in North India, most devotees grow ‘khetri‘ or barley seeds during navratri. for this clean mud is collected from an auspicious or clean place. add this mud in an earthen pot. clean and wash the barley to remove any impurities or insects. soak the barley for 20-30 minutes. then put these barley or ‘jau’ on the top of mud. make a thin layer of mud on top of barley, so as to cover it. don’t put too much mud otherwise barley will not grow and put just enough water to soak the barley. one red color string (mauli) of mata rani (goddess) is tied to khetri pot.
    The progress of ‘khetri’ or barley is keenly observed by the devotee’s. it is believed that the longer the barley grow in height, better it is for the family well being and prosperity. it is related with the blessings (kripa) of the goddess on you and your family. another opinion is that instead of observing the height of khetri, you should look at the color of khetri.
    Yellow color khetri is not considered good whereas green color khetri is considered good. On the tenth day, the shoots are about 3 - 5 inches in length. After the puja, these seedlings are pulled out and given to devotees as a blessing from god. The seedlings are placed on their caps, behind their ears, and inside books to bring good luck. This custom suggests a link to harvesting. The sowing and reaping of barley is symbolic of the "first fruit”. Soon after this festival, the sugarcane crop is harvested and the winter crops are sown . After that the khetri is immersed in moving water bodies like river or even a pond. if there is no water body nearby to your house then you can put the khetri under Pipal [Ficus religiosa ] tree in the temple. if you stay out of India, then check with your local temple as often they collect the khetri.
    The purpose and significance of 'Khetri' primarily is to recognize and associate the festival of Navaratri with worshiping the feminine form of 'Bramh' called the Shakti.
    Earth denotes fertility, endurance, and a giving nature; Navadhanyas denote nine forms of tastes, rasas, and emotions, and together with the watering of faith and devotion, they sprout denoting life and its energy. as the days pass by the energy increases which is seen in the growth of the sprouts. These sprouts represent the vibrancy of life and reminds us of the nature of worship we are doing.
    Indeed this festival and practice of Khetri or Jau is a form of worshiping the Mother Divine.

  47. Navratri 7th Day September 27 , 2017 : Maa Kalratri
    The 7th day of Navaratri is dedicated to Maa Kalratri, the 7th Avtar of Maa Durga. Here, Kaal means time and death and Kaalratri means the One who is the Death of Kaal. Maa Kalratri destroys ignorance and brings light into the dark.
    Goddess Kalratri, also known as Maa Kaali, is the seventh avatar of Goddess Durga. Devotees worship her on the seventh day of Navratri. They seek her blessings to eliminate all troubles from their lives. This form of Maa Durga is believed to destroy all demons, ghosts and negative energies. She is also believed to be the destroyer of time and death. Although, intimidating in appearance, this Devi is benevolent towards all worshipers.
    There are many mythological stories that tell us about the transformation of Goddess Durga into Maa Kalratri. When
    Humans on the earth started forgetting their human values and righteousness and demonic energies started spreading everywhere. Noble qualities like yajnas, charity, social service, dharma, kindness, forgiveness etc. started disappearing. When god worship was abandoned and gods, parents, gurus were not respected. During such darkness in the world when the whole of humanity was sinking deep in the demonic qualities, goddess Kalaratri incarnated to save humanity from the oppression of the demons. She is the embodiment of auspiciousness and is the destroyer of demons and evils of the earth.
    According to the most common legend, two demons Shumbha and Nishumbha invaded and defeated devlok (the realm of demigods). These demigods prayed to Goddess Parvati for help who readily transformed herself into Goddess Chandika, to battle with demons on behalf of all devtas. Goddess Chandika, also known as Chamunda, transformed herself into Goddess Kalratri and killed both these demons. Maa Kalratri fought another demon called Raktveej and kept drinking his blood till he was completely dead, causing her tongue to appear blood-red.
    Kalratri Devi, also known as Maa Kaali, is the most ferocious form of Goddess Durga. This Krishna (black) colored Goddess has long tousled hair and three round protruding eyes. She exhales flames through her nostrils while breathing and has four arms that depict her immense strength. Also, she holds a cleaver and a deadly sabre in each of her hands, while her other hands are in Abhay and Varada mudras to grant blessings and protection to her sadhakas. Sometimes, she is also seen standing on a demon’s corpse and holding it’s freshly cut head while in her other hand she’s holding a trident. This Goddess wears a necklace of skulls and is usually depicted mounting a donkey
    Maa Kaalratri removes evil influence from the lives of her devotees. Her worship on 7th day of Navratri is of high importance to Yogis and Sādhakas. Yogis and Sādhaka penance on Shahtra Chakra on this day. On this day all the doors to practice every siddhi and power are open for the worshippers..
    The Mantra
    Ya Devi Sarva Bhutesu Maa Maa Kalratri Rupena Samsthita ।
    Namestasyai Namestasyai Namestasyai Namo Namah ॥
    Ekveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharastitha |
    Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirani ||
    Meaning: “She is naked, rides on an donkey, has a long tongue, lustrous body, wears ornaments on her legs like lightning, is black in color, has unlocked hair, big eyes and ears and is very dangerous looking. Meditating on this form of Kalratri removes all obstacles as well as removes all magical effects created by others.”
    Demonic entities, ghosts, evil spirits flee away by chanting her name. This is also the reason why she appears so dreadful. Her facade scares evil hence representing that Durga does not only mean benevolence and love but also the end of malevolence.
    Jai Mata Di !

  48. Each year, the World Tourism Organization (a specialized agency of the United Nations) sponsors a day to highlight tourism around the world. September 27th marks World Tourism Day 2017. The agency designated this year’s as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development to raise awareness for social, economic, and environmental progress with travel. Now more than ever, you should be thinking more about these values as you make your travel plans.
    Meanwhile, under the "Protect our planet" category, the UN's tourist handbook offers these simple codes of conduct:
    -Reduce your environmental impact by being a guardian of natural resources, especially forests and wetlands.
    -Respect wildlife and their natural habitats.
    -Purchase products that aren't made using endangered plants or animals.
    -In protected areas, access only the places open to visitors.
    -Reduce your water and energy consumption whenever possible.
    -Leave only a minimum footprint and a good impression behind.
    Indian tourism scene
    Tourism is very critical for India because India needs to create more jobs and there is no other sector which has multiplier effect of creating jobs. Tourism has supported a total of 37 million direct and indirect jobs in India. It is expected to support 46 million jobs by 2027. Tourism is very close to job creation and contribution to India’s IT sector. In the contribution of travel and tourism to GDP as a share of GDP India ranks 85th with travel and tourism contributing 9.6 per cent to overall GDP in 2016. For comparatively large economies it is 8.5 per cent for Brazil, 5 per cent for Russia, 2.8 per cent for UK, 9 per cent for China and 8.1 per cent for USA.

  49. Significance of Kanya Pujan at the End of Navratri [ 28-29 September , 2017 ] :
    As per Hindu mythology, Kanya Puja [ worshiping young girls ] has great importance. Although Hinduism says that God resides in every child but young girls are specially believed to be a form of Goddess Durga. As Navratri reaches its 8th and 9th day, there is a ritual to worship young girls who are 3 to 9 years of age. This ritual is known as ‘Kanya Pujan’. People usually worship nine young girls representing the nine forms of Goddess Durga. Thus, these young girls are the symbol of most auspicious, most jagrat, and the most clear minded and clear souled individual.
    As per Hindu beliefs, inviting and worshipping different number of girls will give you different blessings,
    Worshipping one girl child gives you good fortune,
    Worshipping two girls gives you perception and salvation,
    Worshipping three girls will give you merit
    Worshipping four girls will bless you with authority
    Worshipping five will bless you with knowledge
    Worshipping six girls will give you six types of Siddhis or fulfillments
    Worshipping seven girls will bless you with power and kingdom
    Worshipping eight girls gives you wealth
    Worshipping nine girls will bless you with supremacy
    It is a custom to wash the feet of these nine young girls as a mark of respect for the Goddess and then offer new clothes as gifts by the devotee. Kanya puja as a part of Devi worship is to recognise the feminine power vested in the girl child and to give them as much importance in the social fabric as the so-called heir apparents (boys) who are otherwise known to be pampered in an average household.
    First and foremost, feet of all the girls you have invited are washed and then are made to sit on pedestals. Then Moli (red and yellow holy thread) is tied on the right wrist and tilak is applied on the forehead of all girls. Traditional Ashtami Prasad – Puri, Chana and Halwa, is first offered to Goddess Durga first and then served to all the girls. Girls are also given some presents in form of money, Red dupatta and bangles. The puja ends with taking blessings from these girls in form of a pat on the back while touching their feet.
    If the worshiper is desirous of acquiring knowledge then he should worship a Brahmin girl child. If he is desirous of acquiring power, then he should worship a Kshatriya-girl child. Similarly if he is desirous of acquiring wealth and prosperity, then a girl child belonging to a Vaishya family should be worshipped by him. There is also a ritual purification and chanting of mantras. She is made to sit on a special pedestal. She is worshiped by offering ‘akshat‘ (rice grains) and by burning incense sticks. She is worshipped because, according to the philosophy of ‘Striyah Samastastava Devi Bhedah’, women symbolize Mahamaya (The goddess Durga). Even among these a girl child is considered to be the purest, because of her innocence.

  50. Navaratri 8th day September 28 , 2o17 : Maa Mahagauri
    The eight day of Navratri or Ashtami is dedicated to Goddess Mahagauri, who is the eight Avatar of nine goddess. She is the wife of lord Shiva. Her name denotes, why she is called by the name Mahagauri, “Maha” means extreme or great and “Gauri” means white complexion. She has the extreme white complexion like moon or snow. Goddess Mahagauri has other names also which are Shwetambardhara, Vrisharudha, Chaturbhuji and Shambhavi. The reasons behind these names are, she dressed white cloths so called as “Shwetambardhara”, rides the bull so known as “Vrisharudha” and have four hands so knows as “Chaturbhuji”.
    She is extremely beautiful and have fair (White as snow) complexion. Devi Mahagauri’s procession (Sawari) is white bull (vrishabha), dressed white cloths or green cloths and adorned white ornaments. She is portrayed with three eyes and four hands. In her lower right hand, she holds a trident (Trishul) while upper right hand is in the form of allaying fear. Her left upper hand holds a Damaru while lower left hand is in the pose of blessing to devotees. She is the symbol of purity, calmness and tranquillity and represents the wisdom. She has the power to turn impossible things into possible.
    According to mythology, legend says that Parvati want to get lord Shiva as her husband so she left all the comforts of the palace and started the tough penance in the forest. While performing the severe penance for many years, Parvati’s body turned black due to dust, soil and leaves of trees. At the last, lord Shiva pleased with her hard penance and blessed her that he would marry to her. Lord Shiva cleaned the goddess Parvati with the sacred water of holy Ganga. All the dust, soil and dirt were washed away from the body of Goddess Parvati and she got the extremely white complexion. Thus Goddess Parvati is also known as Mahagauri.
    Shwete Vrashe Samarudhah Shwetambar-dhara Shuchi |
    Mahagauri Shubham Dadhyanmahdev-pramodada ||
    Meaning: “The meaning of her name is Maha (great or extreme) and Gauri (white complexion). The very beautiful Mahagauri rides on a white Vrishabha (bull) and wears pure white clothes and ornaments.”
    The goddess appears faithful, affectionate, calm and soft in nature. All the gods and sages worship this form of the goddess by chanting, “Sarvamangal Mangaleya, Shiva Saevartha Sadhike. Sharaneya Ambeyagauri Narayani Namastute”. The goddess blesses the devotees who worship her with peaceful life and burn all their sins.
    Mahagauri Mantra
    While worshipping the goddess Mahagauri chant the given mantra, “ Sidhgandharvashadheyarsureyarameyarapi | Sevyamana Sada Bhuyat Sidhidi Siddhidayini || ”.
    Jai Mata Di !

  51. Did you know that only 3% of the Earth’s water is fresh-water? And of that 3%, 2/3rds is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. That means only 1% of the Earth’s freshwater supply is accessible for use! This is why it is so important to conserve the limited amount of water that we do have.
    Ideas for saving waters in rivers :
    If you wash your dishes by hand don’t let the water continuously run. Turn it on and off when you need to rinse the dish off.A good idea, if you wash your dishes by hand, is to use an in-sink dish rack and rinse all the dishes off at once.
    Take a shower instead of a bath. Baths use up to 70 gallons of water while showers can use as little as 10-25. Shortening your shower by just 1 to 2 minutes could end up saving you close to 150 gallons a month.
    Make sure to turn off the tap while you are brushing your teeth in the morning and at night. This will save up to 8 gallons of water, which is more than 200 a month!
    Turning off the water while you shave and only filling your sink with a few inches of water to rinse with will save up to 300 gallons a month.
    Water your lawn during the early morning or late at night when the temperature is cooler to avoid losing water to evaporation.

  52. 2017 is the second year of UNESCO marking 28 September as the “International Day for Universal Access to Information” (IDUAI). On 17 November 2015, UNESCO adopted a resolution (38 C/70) declaring 28 September of every year as International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI).UNESCO also promotes universal access to information and knowledge through its Information for All (IFAP) programme, which assists Member States in harnessing the new opportunities of the information age to create equitable societies through better access to information.The importance of the right to information is highlighted in UNESCO-inspired normative documents: the Brisbane Declaration of 2010, the Maputo Declaration of 2008, the Dakar Declaration of 2005, and the New Delhi Declaration of 2015.UNESCO hopes that the marking of 28 September as the “International Day for Universal Access to Information” will provide for more countries adopting FOI legislation, developing policies for multilingualism and cultural diversity in the cyberspace, and ensuring that women and men with disabilities are integrated.
    In a globalizing world, access to information is vital to build more inclusive sustainable knowledge societies. This is the message of the International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI), focusing on the key role that access to information plays in taking forward the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Access to information is a fundamental right. It allows women and men to understand and participate in creating and sharing the knowledge they need to contribute fully to society. It is a condition of informed citizenship, helping to hold governments accountable. It is a driver of innovation and creativity, widening opportunities for all, especially for girls and women.
    The International Day for Universal Access to Information is also an opportunity to renew our commitment to freedom of expression and the safety of journalists. Media play a crucial role in facilitating access to information to citizens and in monitoring important social issues while enlightening their audiences with insight and knowledge. There cannot be universal access to information without free and independent media.
    Access to information is not only a goal in itself; it is also a key contributor to the realization of all other Sustainable Development goals. It is therefore crucial that we continue our efforts to ensure that every woman and man enjoys full access to information.

  53. Navratri 9th Day September 29, 2017: Maa Skddhidatri
    The ninth manifestation of Goddess Durga is Siddhidatri, worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri. Maa Siddhidatri has supernatural healing powers. This Goddess is admired to offer all types of Siddhi (perfection) to her devotees and thus recognized as ‘Siddhidatri’. She is always in a heavenly, happy and charming pose. She has four arms and sits on a lotus. Her arms hold Gada (bludgeon), Chakra, Shankh (scallop shell) and lotus flower.
    Worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri on the final ninth of Durga Navratri bestows all Siddhis to her worshippers and it marks the successful completion of their Navratri Poojan Utsav. Acoording to the Markendey Puran, there are significantly 8 types of “Siddhis” namely – Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakyamya, Inshitva, and Vashitva respectively. Thus, by worshipping Devi Siddhidatri, the devotees can certainly attain all Siddhis.
    Those who observe fast in her name experience powers beyond normal lives and find true meaning of their lives and can actually attain Moksha from the cycle of rebirth. Those who worship her constantly are also bestowed upon with all worldly pleasures in their lives.
    As per the Hindu mythology once Shiva went into a great meditative state and worshiped goddess Siddhitari who imparted all her blessings on him and made him a Siddheshwar, it was this time when she resided in the half body of Mahadev and since then shiva came to known as Ardhnareshwar. Lot of tantriks seek blessing of the goddess to receive the heights of their power and obtain siddhi from her.
    It is mentioned in Vedic scriptures “Devi Bhagvata Purana” that Lord Shiva obtained all Siddhis by blessings of Siddhidatri that made his half Devi and glorified him with name ‘Ardha Narishwar’. Devi Siddhidatri is truly one of the most magnificent aspects of Navdurga. With her grace, all wishes of her are fulfilled and all the fear and pains are eliminated. With the grace of Goddess Siddhidatri, the worshiper can satisfies and controls all his desires. Devi Siddhidatri ends the greed and superfluous temptation toward material comforts of her worshiper. After obtaining Siddhi, humans observe enhancement in their personality and for this, the one should observe dedicated devotion toward Goddess Siddhi-datri. The devotees of Maa Siddidatri can attain any kind of desire by worshiping her on the auspicious final day of Navratri. Her glory is infinite and is she is said to be very generous for all mankind.
    Siddhidatri Mantra:
    Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Siddhidatri Rupenu Sansthitan |
    Namastaseya Namastaseya Namastaseya Namoh Namah ||
    (O Devine beauty and protector of the world, goddess Siddhidatri, the one who achieved all the success. Please bless me with all the goodness that you behold so that I become successful and knowledgeable. I salute and respect you)
    Sidhha Gandharvay khshadher Surair Marair Api |
    Sevya Mana Sada Bhooyat Siddhida Siddhidayini ||
    Jai Mata Di !

  54. Happy World Heart Day to you all !
    September 29 marks World Heart Day 2017, which aims to encourage people to cut their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart attack and stroke.
    Your heart powers your whole body. It lets you love, laugh and live your life to the full.
    That’s why it’s so important to look after it. If you don’t, you’re putting yourself at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart disease and stroke. CVD is the world’s number one killer. Each year, it’s responsible for 17.5 million deaths, and by 2030 this is expected to rise to 23 million.
    But the good news is that much CVD can be prevented by making just a few simple daily changes, like eating and drinking more healthily, getting more exercise and stopping smoking.
    This World Heart Day, we’re asking you to share how you power your heart and inspire millions of people around the world to be heart healthy. So let’s make sure we all take action to keep our hearts charged and make a lasting difference to our health.
    Fuel your heart. Move your heart. Love your heart. And share the power.

  55. Vijaya Dashami 2017 is on September 30 Saturday
    In North India, Vijaya Dashami is celebrated as Ramlila. On this day, large effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and his son Meghnath are burnt in huge fairs in front of large crowds of spectators. These effigies are filled with different types of fire crackers and theatres are held depicting the story of how Lord Rama achieved victory over Ravana on this day.
    In Southern India, this day marks the end of Golu---a festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Goddess Durga is worshipped in the form of Devi Chamundeshwari during this phase.
    In West Bengal, this day is celebrated as the last day of Durga Puja. Idols of Goddess Durga are immersed in the water thus marking the Goddess’s homeward journey to Kailash.
    Spiritual Significance of Vijaya Dasami :
    It marks the day on which Lord Rama achieved victory over Ravana, the ten headed demon king of Lanka.
    This day is also symbolic of the end of Mahishasur, the king of demons whon was killed by Goddess Durga on this day. According to mythology, Durga was created by the Gods by pooling in their spiritual powers as they wanted to create ‘shakti’ that was ultimate and could annihilate Mahishasur.
    This day is marks the journey of Goddess Durga back to Kailash after ten days of stay at her parent’s house on Earth. Every year, Mother Durga visits her paternal house along with her four children—Lakshmi, Saraswati, Kartikeya and Ganesha. She is also accompanied by two ‘sakhis’ or friends—Jaya and Vijaya.
    Vijaya Dashami also marks the victory of the Pandavas over the Kauravas in Mahabharata and the end of their exile.
    In India, it also marks the beginning of the harvest festival.

  56. Why do they worship the shami tree on Vijyadashmi ?
    The Pandavas lost to the Kauravas in a game of dice and consequently they were banished from the kingdom to live in a forest for 12 years and then remain incognito for one year.
    After completing 12 years of exile, the Pandavas decided to remain incognito in the kingdom of Virata, disguising themselves for the next one year. Before approaching the king, they wrapped their divine weapons in a cloth and kept it on a high branch of a shami tree near the cremation ground outside the city.
    According to the Mahabharata, it was on the day of Vijaya Dashami that they successfully completed their one year of incognito life. Arjuna collected the weapons from the shami tree and defeated the Kauravas who attempted to steal the cattle of King Virata.
    Since that day, shami trees and weapons have been worshiped on the ninth day of Navaratri (a day before Vijaya Dashami) symbolising this particular incident in the Mahabharata.

  57. Vijaya Dashami is considered auspicious to begin your learning. The traditional Vidyarambham ceremony observed mainly in Kerala and Karnataka introduces children formally to learning of music, dance, languages and other folk arts.
    Vidya means knowledge; arambham means beginning. The child is formally initiated into the process of learning by writing a mantra on rice or sand spread in a plate with the help of the father or any other elderly member of the family.

  58. Vijaya Dashami also marks the beginning of the harvest season. People seek the blessings of Mother Earth for a good harvest, peace and prosperity.In the Bhagavad-gita, Krishna stresses the importance of performing yajnas: All living beings subsist on food grains. The food grains cannot be produced without rains. Rains are produced by performance of yajna according to one’s duties prescribed in the Vedas which are directly manifested from the Supreme Lord. (Bg 3.14-15)
    The demigods are satisfied by such yajna performances and supply the various necessities of life.
    The rainfall, breeze, sunlight, moonlight, air, water, light, food grains, vegetables, fruits, minerals, and other raw materials required for our manufacturing enterprises are all supplied by the demigod agents of the Supreme Lord.
    Krishna says that one who enjoys such gifts without offering anything to the demigods in return is certainly a thief. (Bg 3.12)
    In India and Nepal, the demigods are worshiped with various offerings and by sacrificial performances (yajnas) and religious rituals at the beginning of every harvest season on the day of Vijaya Dashami.
    In some parts of the country, people sow pulses, cereals, barley or the nine types of grains (nava dhanya) in a pot and water it every day during Navaratri. The sprouting of these seeds is considered a sign of prosperity.

  59. Dashara are designed to make man aware of his divinity, to endow him with purity, to become aware of its holiness, to imprint on his heart the wisdom won by sages after years of yearning."
    Inner Meaning Of Dasara :
    "The term' Devi' represents the Divine power which has taken the Rajasic form to suppress the forces of evil and protect the Satvic qualities. When the forces of injustice, immorality and untruth have grown to monstrous proportions and are indulging in a death-dance, when selfishness and self-interest are rampant, when men have lost all sense of kindness and compassion, the Atmic principle, assuming the Form of Shakti, taking on the Rajasic quality, seeks to destroy the evil elements. This is the inner meaning of the Dasara festival."
    Inner Meaning Of Devi Worship On Dasara:
    "When the Divine Goddess is in dreadful rage to destroy the wicked elements, she assumes a fearful form. To pacify the dreaded Goddess, Her faminine children offer worship to her with red kumkum (sacred red powder). The Goddess, seeing the blood-red kumkum at her feet, feels assured that the wicked have been vanquished and assumes her benign form. The inner meaning of the worship of 'Devi' with red kumkum is that thereby the Goddess is appeased. During the ten days of Dasara, the demons (Raakshasas) in the form of wicked qualities have been routed. Raakshasas do not mean demonic beings. The bad qualities in men are the demons. Arrogance is a demon. Bad thoughts are demons."
    Symbolism Of Ravana:
    "Ravana is depicted as the king of Raakshasas. He is said to have ten heads. He was not born with ten heads. Who is this Ravana and what are his ten heads? Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Moha (delusion), Lobha (greed), Mada (pride), Maatsyasya (envy), Manas (mind), Buddhi (intellect), Chitta (will) and Ahamkara (the ego) -all these ten constitute the ten heads. Ravana is of all the ten qualities. Each one can decide for himself whether he is a Ravana or Rama according to his qualities."
    Symbolism Of Rama :
    "Rama is the destroyer of the bad qualities. When engaged in this act of destruction of bad qualities. He manifests his Rajo-guna. But his Rajasic quality is associated with his Satvic quality. Even in cutting off Ravana's ten heads, Rama showed his love. This was the only way that Ravana could be redeemed."
    Rama Vs. Ravana :
    "Ravana was one who was endowed with all wealth and prosperity. He lacked nothing in terms of comforts and luxuries. He had mastered the 64 categories of knowledge. His capital, Lanka, rivalled Swarga (heaven) itself in its grandeur. Instead of showing regard for Ravana, Valmiki extolled Rama, who gave up the kingdom, donned the robes of an ascetic and lived a simple life in the forest. What is the reason? It was because Rama was the very embodiment of Dharma. Everyone of his actions stemmed from Dharma. Every word he spoke was truth. Every step he trod was based on Dharma. Hence, Rama has been described as the very image of Dharma."
    Before the golden sun rises, let me decorate each of the rays with success and happiness to you and your Family. Happy Dussehra!

  60. International Day of Older Persons { October 1, 2017 }:
    The theme of the International Day of Older Persons 2017 is
    “Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society.”
    Stepping into the future with pledges that no one will be left behind, it is starkly evident that the need to tap into the often overlooked and under-appreciated contributions of older persons is not only essential to older persons’ well-being, but also imperative for sustainable development processes.
    International Day for Elderly is celebrated every year on 1st October. This day is observed to focus on the importance of senior citizens who sometimes are neglected in our society. This day emphasizes on our responsibilities towards our elder in order to make their lives happier.The main aim of this day is to generate awareness amongst people about issues which affects the elders, as well as to appreciate their contribution towards the society.
    In this fast paced lifestyle, older people play a critical role may it be through volunteer work, transmitting experience and knowledge and even helping their families with responsibilities. Full participation of older persons brings tremendous benefits to all generations.The International Day for Elderly is an opportunity to focus on the important contributions that older people make to society and raise awareness of the issues and challenges of ageing in today’s world.
    As people reach old age, the risk of developing chronic diseases is higher and it sometimes might also result in disability. This ends up in compromising their ability to lead an independent life. This further weakens their immune system making them more vulnerable to diseases. Dependence on others, cut off from social life and being neglected by family members further deteriorates their condition. In fact, chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer are predicted to be the main contributors to the burden of disease in developing countries.
    It is our responsibility to provide long term care to them and thus contribute to healthy ageing.
    The problem of old age should be seen as a societal issue rather than an individual's problem. Someday, we will all be old and we will face the similar situation as faced by our elders today.
    Thus, it is our responsibility to :
    Acknowledge older people as a valuable resource
    Understand their concerns
    Make them feel loved
    Providing adequate health care and health promotion
    The 2017 theme will explore effective means of promoting and strengthening the participation of older persons in various aspects of social, cultural, economic and civic and political life.

  61. Happy International Music Day { October 1}
    Music is one of the best ways to express your feelings, emotions, love, anger or any possible emotion. These 1st October Lets celebrate the World International Music Day .
    The day is one of the biggest day in life of anyone who finds his life in music and lives only and only for music, music is in life of everyone whether it is a morning song for energetic one or for a lullaby to sleep in the night, whether it is a rock music to fills you with energy or a memorable and lovely romantic song, which will let you fall in love with it.
    One of the most beautiful art on the planet is the music. To live my life without melodies impossible. On holidays and weekdays, in sorrow and joy, loneliness and society – us everywhere accompanied by music. It is impossible to do without her at the theatre, at a military parade at the wedding or even birthday. Each of us at home will be home music center or the receiver in the car, and MP3 players in General it is possible to bring with you anywhere.
    From childhood a person is attached to the musical world. Music affects our feelings: sad causes grief, and fun can cheer us up. She is able to calm or energize, and sometimes even to heal the man.
    The music is multi-faceted, it has a lot of different genres, with its rows of fans and followers.
    Classical music, country, Blues, jazz, rock, pop, chanson – one can choose a melody like. Some use music as a way of expression, the other for communication, third for relaxation.
    Each nation has its own unique music and songs, original artists and musicians. But, there is a holiday that unites all musical people on Earth – the international music day. It i is annually celebrated on October 1. This observance was initiated by Lord Yehudi Menuhin, an outstanding American violinist and conductor. The first events celebrating the holiday took place on October 1, 1975 and they were organized by the International Music Council. This is a great day to remind us about the respect of the musical culture of other peoples and to promote the dissemination of music in the world.
    “Without music, life would be a mistake.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche
    “Some people have lives; some people have music.” ― John Green
    “Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination and life to everything.” ― Plato

  62. Happy Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti { Birth Anniversary } & International Day Of Non-violence { October 2 }:-
    Known for his pivotal role in India’s freedom struggle, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, changed India’s fate when he decided to join the struggle for independence. With his principles of truth and non-violence, Gandhi led the people of India into a satyagraha that won them their freedom. One movement after another, he relentlessly fought alongside some of the greatest freedom fighters of India to free India of the British colonial rule. It was only fitting that the title of ‘Mahatma’ was conferred upon this great Indian leader. He is also unofficially called The Father of the Nation. Born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat’s Porbandar, Mahatma Gandhi led an inspiring life right till the moment he took his last breath on January 30, 1948 when he was assassinated by Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse. To commemorate his birth as well as celebrate his life that serves as a guiding path for several people in India as well as across the globe, October 2 is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India and as the International Day of non-violence worldwide.
    Some Famous Quotes of Bapu (Mahatma Gandhi):
    “Whenever you are confronted with an opponent. Conquer him with love.”
    “Ahimsa [ non-violence ] means not to injure any creature by thought, word or deed, not even to the supposed advantage of this creature.”
    “Where there is love there is life.”
    “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”
    “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”
    “Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
    “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”

  63. Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti [ October 2 ]
    Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti is celebrated with much vigour to pay tribute to the legendary person and the second Prime Minister of India, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri. This day is celebrated on 2nd October along with Gandhi Jayanti. He was greatly inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and became a very important part of all his movements. He played an important role in the 1965 war with Pakistan and announced the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (Hail soldier, Hail Farmer)’ to garner support for the country. It was under his leadership that India won Indo-Pakistan war in 1965. This day is marked by paying reverence to the legendary man. It is a token of small tribute in commemoration of the historic man. He was a common man who was humble and tolerant with great inner strength, resoluteness and high principles.
    Shastri’s Self respect: Lal Bahadur went with his friends to a fair across the river Ganga on a boat. After visiting the fair, he did not have any money for the boat return fare. His self respect did not allow him to ask for money from his friends. So without their notice, he managed to slowly disappear from them and jumped into the river!! He courageously swam across the river and reached the banks safely.
    Shastri’s Ethics: Lal Bahadur went to an Orchard with his friends. While most of his friends climbed up the tree to have some fun, Lal Bahadur went around the plants, plucking some flowers. In the meantime, the gardener came to the garden and all of Lal Bahadur’s friends (who had seen the gardener coming) had run away leaving him alone. The gardener caught Lal Bahadur and started beating him for stealing in the garden. Lal Bahadur wept and requested the gardener not to beat him because he was an orphan. The gardener calmed down and with pity told him that because he is an orphan, he has to learn better behavior. These words left a deep mark on Lal Bahadur’s mind and he promised himself to behave better in future and he went on to become the most well behaved & ethical political leader the country has ever seen.
    When he was the Transport Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first one to appoint women as conductors. The use of water jets in place of lathi [ stick] charge to disperse a crowd was also his idea.
    Owing moral responsibility to a railway accident in Mahbubnagar in 1956, Lal Bahadur Shastri had resigned as the Railway Minister – setting new standards of morality in public life.
    When Shastri became Prime Minister, the country was faced with an acute food shortage. At this time, he asked people to give up one meal in a week so that the food saved could be distributed to those in need. By tilling the lawn of the PM residence, he also sent a message that people should grow their own kitchen garden and utilize whatever resources they have to grow food.
    After he became Prime Minister, his family asked him to buy a car. He asked his secretary to enquire about the price of a Fiat car. The Fiat costed ₹12,000 at that time, whereas Shashtri only had 7,000 in his bank. He applied for a bank loan for ₹5000 from the Punjab National Bank and paid monthly instalments for the car. The car is kept at the Shastri Memorial in New Delhi.
    Once his son went for a drive in his official car, Chevrolet Impala. When Shastri came to know about this, he asked his driver to note down the distance that the car ran for personal purpose. He then deposited the money spent in the government account.

  64. World Habitat Day { October 2 } :The United Nations’ (UN) World Habitat Day is annually celebrated on the first Monday of October to reflect on the state of human settlements and people’s right to sufficient shelter. It also aims to remind people that they are responsible for the habitat of future next generations. It is also intended to remind the world that we all have the power and the responsibility to shape the future of our cities and towns.
    The theme for 2017 is "Housing Policies: Affordable Homes."
    When we hear the word habitat, we often think of places like the rainforest and broad open forests, the places that wild animals live and that are all too often endangered. Rarely do we consider that we ourselves are animals, and that we also have habitats, though mostly we call them homes. It is a human right to have a decent place to live. So it was that UNO created the most important holiday for those without proper homes, World Habitat Day. Homes give a family a sense of strength, self-reliance, and stability, valuable treasures in an ever-changing world.
    We have something to hand over to our children. Today. This is a global agenda, and we must leave a legacy”
    “Public Space is the centre of democracy and dialogue, and at the heart of cities are the people”
    “Public space is a fundamental right for all, not a privilege - this is an era for equal opportunity”

  65. Happy World Teachers' Day October 5 !
    "Teaching in Freedom, Empowering Teachers" is the theme of this year's World Teachers' Day, celebrated around the world since 1994.
    Teachers’ Day aims to raise awareness of the importance of the role played by teachers all over the world. The responsibility for educating future generations is not a light one by any means, so show your support for these dedicated and important people not just on Teachers’ Day, but throughout the whole year.
    1.Guru Brahma Gurur VishnuGuru Devo MaheshwarahaGuru Saakshat Para BrahmaTasmai Sree Gurave Namaha
    Meaning:Guru is verily the representative of Brahma, Vishnu andShiva. He creates, sustains knowledge and destroys the weeds of ignorance. I salute such a Guru.
    2.Akhanda MandalaakaaramVyaaptam Yenam charaacharamTatpadam Darshitam YenaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: Guru can guide us to the supreme knowledge of THAT which pervades all the living and non-living beings in the entire Universe (namely
    Brahman ] I salute such a Guru.
    3.Agnyaana TimiraandhasyaGnyaana Anjana ShalaakayaaChakshuhu Unmeelitam YenamTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: A Guru can save us from the pangs of ignorance(darkness) by applying to us the balm of knowledge or awareness of the Supreme, I salute such a Guru.
    4.Sthaavaram Jangamam Vyaaptam Yatkinchit Sacharaa CharamTatPadam Darshitam YenaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: That Guru who can enlighten us about the all pervading consciousness present in all the three world or states[of Jaagrath , Swapna and Sushupti ... activity , dream and deep sleep state ] , I salute such a Guru .
    5.Chinmayam Vyaapi YatsarvamTrailokya Sacharaa CharamTatPadam Darshitam YenaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: That revered Master who directs my attention to the ONEdivinity existing in all that is inert (immobile) as well as that which isactive (mobile), I salute such a Guru.
    6.Sarva Sruti ShiroratnaViraajita PadambujahaVedaantaambuja Sooryo YahTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: That Guru who is the ocean of the
    Srutis [ Vedas ],. the Sun of knowledge [ who can destroy our ignorance with rays ], I salute such a Guru.
    7.Chaitanyah Shaashwatah ShaanthoVyomaateeto NiranjanahaBindu Naada KalaateetahaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: That Guru who is the representative of the unchangeable,ever present, peaceful spirit, who is one pointed and beyond therealm of space and time, whose vision is always enchanting, I salutesuch a Guru.
    8.Gnyaana Shakti SamaaroodahTatwa Maalaa VibhooshitahaBhukti Mukti PradaaneynaTasmai sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: The one who is an ocean of knowledge, who is always in Yoga
    (in unison With God) who is adorned by the knowledge of the God principle, the One Who can liberate us from this mundane existence, I salute such a Guru.
    9.Aneka Janma SampraaptaKarma Bandha VidaahineAtma Gnyaana PradaaneynaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: The one who can help us free from the chainof
    karma accumulated over several lives, by teaching us the knowledge of the self ( Atma Gnyaana ) , I salute such a Guru .
    10.Shoshanam Bhava SindhoschaGnyaapanam SaarasampadahaGuror Padodakam SamyakTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: The one who can help us cross this ocean of life, the onewho can reveal to us the Divine, I adore his
    Paadukaas[ hold on to his feet ] , I salute such a Guru.
    11.Na Guror Adhikam TatwamNa Guror Adhikam TapahaTatwa Gnyaanaat Param NaastiTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: There no greater principle than the Guru; there is nogreater penance than the Guru; There is no greater knowledge thanmeditation on such a Guru. I salute such a Guru.
    12.Mannaathah Sri JaganaathoMadguruhu Sri Jagad GuruhuMadh Atma Sarva BhootaatmaTasmai Sri Gurave Namaha.
    Meaning: The Lord of the world is my Lord and the Guru of the Worldis my Guru, the SELF in me is the same which is present in all (the same divinity inherent in all beings). I salute such a Guru (who givesme this insight).

  66. Happy Sharad Purnima ( October 5 , 2017 )
    Sharad Purnima or Kojagari Purnima is an important Hindu festival. It marks the end of monsoon and ushers in the season of autumn. It is the celebration of the day when the moon gets closest to the Earth. Along with that worshipping Goddess Lakshmi signifies the importance of good harvests and prosperity in the lives of the farmers. They seek blessings of the divine power to achieve good results for the hard work they have put i
    On the day of Sharad purnima it is believed that the moon is at its fullest brilliance. It is also believed that it drips Amrit on planet earth on this day. Therefore the moonlight on Sharad Purnima is believed to possess amazing medical and nourishing properties. By staying awake throughout the night on this day under the moonlight is believed to rejuvenate the body. People make kheer or milk rice and place it under the open sky to absorb the moon light throughout the night and consume it in the morning to get the miraculous powers of moonlight for health and happiness.
    It is believed that Maa Lakshmi was born on this day and if devotees stay vigil all night and offer special prayers to Maa Lakshmi, she bestows them with wealth and prosperity even if there is no Lakshmi yog in their Kundli. Many devotees fast in tribute to Maa Lakshmi on this day as well.
    It is believed Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth moves around in the night sky, asking `Ko jaagarti' searching for people below who are awake. In Sanskrit, `Ko jaagarti' means, ' Who is awake?' And to those who are awake she gifts wealth.
    Since moon is closest to the earth on Sharad Purnima day, according to Ayurveda the Sharad Purnima moon rays have several curative properties, hence Poha, puffed rice, and kheer, sweet, is prepared and left in the moonlight of Sharad Purnima and is consumed later.People who keep a fast on Sharad Purnima are supposed to break their fast at night by eating rice flakes and cold milk. The practice of drinking cold milk during this fast has its origins in science. Sharad Ritu (Autumn Season) brings in very hot days and cool nights. During this weather, ‘pitta' or acidity becomes predominant in our body. Consumption of milk & rice flakes is a good remedy for ‘pitta'. Thus, it is customary to consume cold milk and rice flakes on Sharad Purnima.
    The different dimensions of Sharad Purnima 2017
    This festival is important in Gujarat as well as West Bengal. Known as Sharad Poonam in the west coast, it is one of the major festivals celebrated in the east after Durga Puja. In Odisha, it is celebrated as Kumar Purnima, i.e. the birthday of Lord Kartikeya.
    Sharad Purnima 2017 Vrat to get a suitable groom
    On this day unmarried girls observe fast and Puja to seek desired soul mates and worship lord Kartikeya. Many believe that no one particular god or goddess is worshipped on this day but the Sun and the Moon are worshiped. The purnima fast can be observed by all. The fast starts on the morning of the purnima day and concludes on the next day morning during sunrise.
    Sri Krishna’s Rasaleela on Sharad Purnima
    It is also believed that on Sharad Purnima, Lord Krishna began his Raasleela with Radha and his Gopis. Rasaleela is a very interesting miracle performed by Krishna. It is said that the gods who had to be given the fruits of their merits were born as Gopis to enjoy the divine leelas of Krishna. On the day of Sharad purnima, Krishna played his divine flute and all the Gopis gathered around him. Krishna multiplied himself and danced with each Gopi throughout the night. It is said that through His divine powers, Krishna stretched the night so long for them as though they felt dancing with him for a thousand years.

  67. WHY THERE WAS NO OCTOBER 5 -14, 1582.
    Did you know that there was no October 5, 1582? There wasn't even an October 6 that year. Why? The story begins with the Earth's orbit. A year is exactly 365 days, 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds longer. This means that every year when the day of your birth arrives, the Earth is not exactly where it was in its orbit on the day you were born. Though the eleven-minute error is small, it does add up over hundreds of years.
    The vernal equinox, which typically occurs on March 20, was occurring about 10 days later on the calendar. This had particular significance for the Catholic Church, which celebrated Easter on the first full moon after the equinox (fixed by the church at March 21), and set other religious dates depending on the date of Easter. “An error in the equinox thus introduced numerous errors in the entire religious calendar,” explains The Galileo Project.
    Christopher Clavius, a Jesuit mathematician and astronomer, led a commission that proposed the Julian calendar be changed to better approximate the solar year. The solution was to drop a leap day three times in a 400-year cycle; every year divisible by 100, but not by 400, would lose its scheduled leap day. The result was a 365.2425-day year, nearly identical to the average solar year of 365.2424 days.
    In order to restore March 20 or 21 as the day of the lunar equinox, Clavius recommended that 10 days be skipped. Pope Gregory XIII issued an order that Oct. 5-Oct. 14 be dropped from the calendar in 1582.
    The Julian calendar, with its leap day every four years, helped correct this problem to some extent, but not completely. That's because the year is not quite 365 and one-quarter days long. Over the 1,600 years of its existence, the minutes and seconds not reflected in the Julian calendar added up. So in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII announced refinements to the calendar by adding leap years. Moreover, every 400 years, a year ending in "00" received a leap day. This system keeps the calendar accurate to one day every 3,300 years. The old calendar had become inaccurate by ten days over its 1,600 years of use. To correct it, Pope Gregory declared that October 4, 1582, was to be followed by October 15!
    The fact that man has always been making fairly accurate calendars reflects his intelligence, given to him from the beginning by an intelligent Creator.
    The Catholic countries in Europe adopted the order immediately, while most Protestant adopted in years later. Russia, Greece, and numerous other countries in Eastern Europe continued using the Julian calendar into the 20th century.No countries continue to use the Julian calendar, but it is still used by many Orthodox churches. The Eastern Orthodox Church’s use of the Julian calendar, which is currently 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, results in Easter being celebrated on different dates in most years.

    World Smile Day is celebrated on the first Friday in the month of October every year.The idea of World Smile Day was coined and initiated by Harvey Ball, a commercial artist from Worcester, Massachusetts. Harvey Ball is known to have created the Smiley Face in 1963. The World’s first World Smile Day was held in the year 1999 and has been held annually since.
    Life Is Short So Start Each Day With Positive Thinking And Keep Smiling All Day Happy !
    Love may make the world go round. But, a smile makes the world a happy place. A smile is a powerful thing. Best of all, it's contagious.
    Keep smiling and one day life will get tired of upsetting you.
    We all smile in the same language .
    Do an cat of kindness , help one person smile .
    So many reasons to smile. Share a smile today, give a smile, take smile.A Smile Is The Shortest Distance Between Two People.
    A Smile Is The Prettiest Thing You Can Wear. Happy World Smile Day !

  69. "we live in a world where the risk of nuclear weapons being used is higher than it has been for a long time", said the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Berit Reiss-Andersen.
    If a nuclear weapon exploded in a major city, the blast center would be hotter than the surface of the sun; tornado-strength winds would spread the flames; and a million or more people could die. Survivors would have no electricity, no transportation, no phones—and hospitals would be overwhelmed ... if they were still standing.
    We know that terrorists are seeking nuclear weapons. Today, there are more than 1,800 metric tons of weapons-usable nuclear materials-highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium—stored in hundreds of sites across 25 countries, some of them poorly secured. To build a bomb, terrorists won't necessarily look to the biggest stockpiles; they'll go where nuclear materials are the most vulnerable. That makes global nuclear security only as strong as the weakest link in the chain.

  70. Always Be Nice To Others !
    Being nice is often easier said than done. Getting through the day can be hard enough without having to go out of your way to smile at strangers and say "please" and "thank you." So why do it? Being nice makes people feel good and paves the way to good relationships.
    When you're walking past someone, even a stranger, acknowledge their presence with a simple "hello" or "hi," or even just a wave or a nod in their direction. Letting people know you see them is nice; it makes people feel a little more special.
    Take the time to ask someone how things are going in their lives, without being nosy or intrusive. If they seem resistant to talking, don't push them to say more than they feel like saying.
    Listen when other people are talking to you. It isn't nice to just ignore other people's opinions and stories. Give them time to speak, just as you'd like them to give you time to speak if your positions were reversed.
    Always say "please," "thank you" and "you're welcome." Be patient, observant, and considerate. Treat people with respect, even those you don't particularly want to get to know.
    Don't forget to always say "Excuse me" instead of "MOVE!" when someone's in your way. People aren't the ground that you can just spit on, they are living beings like you. If you are respectful to that person, that person will usually act the same way.
    If you're on public transportation and an elderly, disabled or pregnant person gets on board, offer your seat. It's the nice thing to do.
    If you see someone in need of a little help picking up something he or she dropped or reaching something from a high shelf, help out.
    Always be nice to everyone in everyday life .

  71. Why do i listen to music with my friends? My answer is to make myself and my friends stress-free . I think music contributes to social cohesion and thereby increases the effectiveness of group action. Work and war songs, lullabies, and national anthems have bound together families, groups, or whole nations. Relatedly, music may provide a means to reduce social stress and temper aggression in others.
    Music is an essential part of human life. Music connects us with the real self, i.e. soul. While listening to relaxing music, we tend to begin the journey inward.
    Music has unlimited powers, is a well established fact. It has a soothing and healing power. Music helps us to relax. Just as the application of balm relieves our brain of its ache and tension, so music can relax the tense muscles of our body. The melodious notes of music have the capacity to cure the mental or physical fatigue of a weary person.
    Music has miraculous powers for treating certain mental ailments such as anxiety, abnormal excitement or depression. It is also helpful for the treatment of patients suffering from insomnia. It has excellent exhilarating power. It can be compared to mother’s love. Just as a child forgets everything and feels joy in mother’s lap, in the same way we forget all worries and anxieties in musical environment.
    There is no doubting the various powers of music, but the aspect of music which is of the greatest value to the human being is its emotional aspects. No achievement can be as great as the emotional and spiritual uplifting that we get from music. Music helps us connect with our deeper self and bring our emotions to the fore.
    The barriers of language and religion cannot restrict music to flourish in a foreign country. Music has the power to dissolve the physical boundaries of the nations. It removes the barriers of age and language and speaks to us all.
    Music washes away from the soul, the dust of everyday life and inspires one to live a lofty life. There is absolute tranquility and harmony, when the magical notes of music enters one’s heart. Such experiences are beyond words and can only be experienced.The notes of music take the listener to the region of the unknown where there is only emotional ecstasy and transport him to a world of melody and sympathy. #IndiaForMentalHealth #WorldMentalHealthDay
    WFMH India 2017 #Music #StressFree #RadioListening #WorldCongressForMentalHealth

  72. Every year, the world celebrates International Day of the Girl Child on October 11 — a day to celebrate the world’s 1.1 billion girls as a source of power, energy and creativity. Each and every girl teems with potential to create a sustainable environment that is better for everyone.This year’s theme is “EmPOWER Girls: Emergency response and resilience planning.” The theme is an acknowledgment of the fact that in 2016, approximately 535 million children were living in countries affected by conflict, natural disasters, epidemics and other emergencies worldwide, with nearly 50 million children on the move, more than half of whom were forcibly displaced.
    This International Day of the Girl Child, let’s reaffirm our commitment to empowering girls to lead healthy and secure lives. Girls have already changed the world for the better, and this generation has the power to end hunger and poverty once and for all.
    What should We Do ?
    Global programs to end child marriage and to activate local leadership to create an environment in which child marriage is not tolerated.
    Promote girls’ safety in schools.
    Promote Equal Education for Girls
    Develop new tools to measure the empowerment of elected women leaders in India .
    This Day of the Girl, join us to recognize girls’ rights, highlight the unique challenges they face and underscore their unique potential to make the world a better place.

  73. October 13 is the International Day for Disaster Reduction, aimed at highlighting the efforts that can be made to reduce the risk posed by disasters. Natural disasters are often frightening and difficult for us to understand, because we have no control over when and where they happen.
    People need to be educated on the risks in their area, and what to do when a disaster strikes. After a disaster, even if no one has died, there is a lot of damage to people' homes, farms and workplaces that must be repaired. This takes a lot of time and money to fix, and a country damaged by a disaster usually needs a large amount of international help to get better. Donated food, clothing, medicine and experienced professionals are all important when there is a disaster, but when the emergency is over it can take years to rebuild and make sure that future disasters can be managed. The boxing-day tsunami which devastated Indonesia and the 2005 earthquake in Kashmir, Pakistan were both natural disasters whose effects were made worse by underdeveloped infrastructure and widespread poverty. Tsunamis, earthquakes, hurricanes or any other natural disaster can't be avoided, but with good preparation and well-organized help after the fact, it is possible to survive and go back to normal life afterwards.

  74. The International White Cane Day is celebrated worldwide on 15 October every year with the mission to educate the world about blindness and how the visually impaired can live and work independently while giving back to their communities, to celebrate the abilities and successes achieved by blind people in a sighted world and to honor the many contributions made by the visually impaired.
    The White Cane was invented in 1930 by Lion George Bonham in the United States of America, as a walking instrument for the blind to enable them to move freely and independently and detect obstacles in their way. Since the invention of the White Cane, it has become a significant instrument to the blind. It serves as a traffic sign and pleads for safety to the police, motorists and pedestrians, urging them to show to the blind the right way. The white cane also helps the blind have access to all types of public transportation. This device detects obstacles in the way of the blind and acts as an international symbol of blindness, calling for help wherever and whenever the user finds it difficult to move freely. Through advocacy of the World Blind Union on the rights of the blind, the 15th day of October of every year was set by the United Nations to be observed worldwide by all blind and partially-sighted persons. It demonstrates the significance of the White Cane to the blind in the social and economic aspects of their life. Also, the day is an appropriate opportunity for the blind to stage programs and speak out for their rights, and to petition parliaments and governments to enact and enforce laws for protection as well as the general well-being and welfare of the blind.
    15 October – this is not a holiday, but rather a signal for help, mark, drawing attention to the General problem of the whole world, and people with disabilities, in particular. Since 1987, this date is celebrated in the world. Be careful and take care of the people who fate had to hold in his hand a white cane!

  75. World Students’ Day is a celebration of multiculturalism, diversity and cooperation among students across the globe. Though originally a day of commemoration of the more than 1,200 students from the University of Prague whose lives were taken in WWII, World Students’ Day has become an occasion for universities the world over to boast their masses of international students, and the good they do for the local community.Today, the world celebrates Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s birth anniversary as students day.Being a man who used to regularly meet school and college students, he felt that a country's youth had fewer biases and it would be easier to get them motivated. In honour of the man who always wished to be remembered as a teacher and who has made himself approachable to more than 18 million youngsters over the last 15 years of his life, United Nations recognized Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's 79th birthday as the World Student's Day, in the year 2010.

  76. World Food Day is a day of action dedicated to tackling global hunger. Held annually on 16th October, people from around the world come together to declare their commitment to eradicate worldwide hunger from our lifetime.
    The World Food Day 2017 focuses on SDG 2 - Zero Hunger.The focus of the day is that food is a basic and fundamental human right. Yet, in a world of billions, 805 million people worldwide live with chronic hunger, 60% women and almost five million children under the age of five die of malnutrition-related causes every day.
    8 Reasons Why Zero Hunger Changes the World :
    Zero hunger could save the lives of 3.1 million children a year
    Well-nourished mothers have healthier babies with stronger immune systems
    Ending child undernutrition could increase a developing country's GDP by 16.5 percent
    A dollar invested in hunger prevention could return between $15 and $139 in benefits
    Proper nutrition early in life could mean 46 percent more in lifetime earnings
    Eliminating iron deficiency in a population could boost workplace productivity by 20 percent
    Ending nutrition-related child mortality could increase a workforce by 9.4 percent
    Zero hunger can help build a safer, more prosperous world for everyone.

  77. Diwali - festival of 5 days celebration :Diwali or Deepawali ( Festival of Lights ) is a festival that goes beyond cultures and religions.
    Marking the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness, this festival of lights embraces and engulfs everyone in its jollity.
    The houses are cleaned and decorated with colourful earthen lamps, candles and lanterns. Floors are decorated with beautiful and intricate rangoli designs. Gifts are bought for near and dear ones and people perform pujas for goddess Lakshmi and lord Ganesha with absolute devotion. But what makes Diwali truly special is the fact that this glittering festival is a part of a five-day long celebration that begins with Dhanteras and ends with Bhai Dooj.
    1. Dhanteras ( 17 October 2017 )
    The festivities officially begins on the first day, which is known as Dhanteras.On this day, Lord Dhanwantari is believed to have come out of the ocean with Ayurveda, the science of medicine, for the benefit of mankind. This day is solely dedicated to the worship and celebration of the goddess of wealth, goddess Lakshmi. People consider this day very auspicious (shubh) and buy something precious--specifically gold, silver, gemstones, new utensils and clothes. In the evening, earthen lamps are lit outside the houses to welcome the goddess. DIWALI
    2. Chhoti Diwali ( 18 October 2017 )
    The day between Dhanteras and Diwali is celebrated as Chhoti Diwali. It is also known is Naraka Chaturdasi and Roop Chaturdashi. With the festival of lights being just a day away, the streets and homes are already seen twinkling with fairy lights in a display of grandeur. According to Hindu mythology, on this day, Lord Krishna had defeated a demon king, Narakasur, who was the ruler of Pragjoytoshpur and had imprisoned 16,000 daughters of gods.
    Lord Krishna destroyed the demon king, freed all the captive princesses and returned home victorious, and thus this day is commemorated to mark his triumph over the devil.
    3. Diwali/Deepawali ( 19 October 2017 )
    The third day is the day of the main festival, Diwali. Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped in the evening during a subh muhrut (auspicious time), and proper aartis and bhajans are recited. It is believed that goddess Lakshmi enters homes and blesses devotees with good fortune and wealth on this day. People light diyas and candles and decorate their homes with fairy lights. After worshipping the gods, people visit their neighbours and relatives to exchange sweets and gifts.
    4. Govardhan Puja or Padva 20 October 2017 )
    The fourth day is widely celebrated as Govardhan Puja in the northern states of India. It is believed that Lord Krishna defeated Indra by lifting the Govardhan Mountain. On this day, people make a small mound, usually of cow dung, and worship it. In the western states of India, this day marks the New Year as per their calendar and is celebrated as Bestu is also widely celebrated as Vishwakarma Day, when people worship their instruments, arms and machinery. Most or all business establishments, thus, remain closed on this day. This day is also called as Annakut.
    5. Bhai Dooj ( 21 October 2017 )
    The fifth and last day of the festivities is the Rakhsabandhan-equivalent for sisters, and is known as Bhai Dooj. On this day, brothers visit their sisters and perform a 'tilak' ceremony. In this ceremony, a 'teeka' of rice and vermilion is applied on the brother's forehead, which is followed by aarti. Sisters pray for their brother's long lives while they promise to protect their sisters.
    Bhai Dooj marks the end of the celebration of pure joy, radiance and lights--a festival that is celebrated with huge pomp and show across India.
    “Wish you & your loved ones a very Happy Diwali..Lets celebrate a #GreenDiwali .

  78. Significance of Diwali - The Festival of Light :
    The festival of lights, Diwali is the harbinger to hope and inspires one and all to take initiative and light a candle rather than to curse the darkness. Diwali is not just about outer illumination, but it promotes the awareness of the inner light that is the core of every human being. The spirituality is the true essence of Hinduism and it prophesizes that a person is not just a body or a mind but something beyond it - a pure, powerful and eternal source of energy, called the Atman. Diwali is the celebration of the realization of this inner light, which has the power to show one the path of righteousness even at the darkest of the times. The awakening to one's true self �Atman� introduces one to immense peace, universal compassion, love, and awareness of oneness of all things (higher knowledge). This is a state of true happiness that Diwali commemorates, the stories and legends about this festival may change from region to region but this underlying essence remains the same.
    Diwali is the day when Ram returned to Ayodhya following 14 years of exile after defeating the demon king Ravana who abducted Sita, wife of Ram. People of Ayodhya were absolutely ecstatic at the homecoming of Ram and rejoiced by lighting up their houses and distributing sweets to each other, a tradition still followed by all those who celebrate the festival.
    Diwali is the day when Naraksura was killed by Krishna. It is believed that Naraksura had availed a boon of long life from Vishnu. He created havoc in all the three words and started assaulting women. It is said that Naraksura requested Krishna that his death should be remembered by all this is the reason why the day is celebrated as Narakchaturdashi.
    It is believed that Pandavas returned to their capital Hastinapur after twelve long years of exile. And the occasion was marked by people by lighting earthen lamps (diyas).
    Diwali is also believed to be the day when King Bali was sent to Patala by lord Vishnu in his Vamana avatar. Fearing the rising influence of King Bali Vishnu asked for as much land as he can measure with three of his steps. He measured entire earth and heaven with two steps and by placing third at head of Bali (at his request) sent him to Patala.
    History of Diwali in Sikhism :-
    Also known as the Bandi Chorr Devas among Sikhs, the festival is celebrated to mark the release of sixth guru of Sikhs- Guru Hargobind Singh from the Gwalior Fort along with 52 other Hindu princes in 1619. When Emperor Jahangir agreed to release the Guru at the demand of the Sikhs, the Guru announced that he would not leave without other captivated princes.
    Clever Jahangir declared that only those princes who would be able to hold the Guru while he is leaving the prison would be released along with him, knowing that all the princes won't be able to hold the Guru. The Guru got a garment made which had 52 strings. Each prince held one string and thus the Guru was successful in getting all the princes released. Sikhs celebrated this day by lighting Golden Temple. Also, the foundation stone of Golden Temple was laid on the day of Diwali in 1577.

    Significance of Diwali in Jainism :-
    Festival of Diwali is of importance to the Jains as it is on this day that Lord Mahavira (Last Jain Tirthankar) attained Nirvana. It is said that Mahavira attained Nirvana in presence of several gods who enlightened Mahavira and eliminated darkness from his life. Also, Ganadhara Gautam Swami (Chief disciple of Mahavira) gained Kevalgyana (complete Knowledge) on this day.
    Importance of Diwali in Buddhism :-
    Buddhists celebrate Diwali to mark the conversion of emperor Ashoka to Buddhism on this day. The festival is known as Ashoka Vijayadashami among the Buddhists and they celebrate it by praying and decorating the monasteries.

  79. Happy Govardhan Puja 20 October 2017 :
    Govardhan Puja (Annakut Puja) is held a day after the main Diwali in the month of Kartik. People celebrate Govardhan Puja by making food of cereals such as wheat, rice, curry of gram flour and leafy vegetables in order to offer to the Hindu Lord Krishna.
    Govardhan puja is celebrated to commemorate the history of Govardhan Parbat through which the lives of many people was saved from the critical rain. It is considered that the people of Gokul were used of worshipping God Indra, also known as God of rain. But Lord Krishna had to change such type of opinions of the people of Gokul. He told that you should all worship the Annakut hill or Govardhan Parbat as he is the real God who is nurturing and saving your lives from drastic conditions by giving you food and shelter.
    Hence, they had started worshipping that mountain in the place of God Indra. By seeing this, Indra became angry and started raining too much in the Gokul. Finally Lord Krishna had saved their lives by lifting the Govardhan hill at his little finger and covered the people of Gokul under it. In this way proud Indra had defeated by the Lord Krishna. Now, the day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja to offer the homage to the Govardhan Parbat. Govardhan puja festival is also being celebrated as the Annakut.
    People make a form of Govardhan Dhari Ji through the heap of cow dung, mountain of food and adorn it with the flowers and worship. The mean of Annakut is, people make variety of Bhog to present to the Lord Krishna. Idols of the God are bathed in the milk and clothed with new clothes as well as jewelry. Then the worship is performed through the traditional prayers, Bhog and aarti.
    People offer puja to the Govardhan Mountain by preparing Annakut (various types of food) and through the singing and dancing. They consider that the mountain is the real God of them a he provides the way to live life, provides shelter in severe conditions and save their life. There are various customs and traditions of celebrating Govardhan puja every year with the great pleasure. People worship Lord Krishna at this special day to commemorate the victory of God over the evil power. People worship Govardhan Mountain in the belief that they would be protected by this mountain ever and they would always get the source of living.

  80. Happy Mother-in-law Day !
    Today is Mother-in-Law's Day.
    Mother-In-Law Day is an annual celebration commemorated on October 22nd of this year. It is a day for those men and women to show their love towards their mother-in-law. They are the next beautiful souls after a mother who treats her in-laws like their child.
    It is a special day to honor the mother of your spouse.
    Some people get along very well with their Mother-in-Law. Others, not as well. Whichever is the case, this is the day to celebrate them.
    This day, modeled after Mother’s Day, was first observed on March 5, 1934, in Amarillo Texas, where it was initiated by the editor of the local Amarillo newspaper.
    We often heard that mother-in-laws were bad. It is not the fact. The reason is we tend to lack the understanding of how to deal them. Yes, it takes little time to get them know well.
    Not all the Mother-In-Laws are enemies and act silly, and there are many good souls who are the second mother for their in-laws. The celebration Day for the Mother-In-Law will make you, even more, closer and strengthens your bond.
    Keep in mind that this day of celebration was invented to give you a chance to honor the person who gave birth to your spouse. Even if you have a contentious relationship with your mother-in-law, showing a little bit of appreciation to her can do wonders for your marriage.
    Whether you make a grand gesture or prefer to keep it simple, take a moment to wish a Happy Mother-in-Law Day to your Mother-in-law. Use #MotherInLawDay when posting on social media.

  81. Look at the Geeta Upadesam picture. What does this signify?
    The picture is symbolic of our inner instruments to train the mind and senses. This is a very concise and beautiful description, symbolic and full of meaning and profundity.
    The chariot is the Sarira (body). The passenger Arjuna is the Jivi (embodied individual soul). The charioteer Krishna is the Atma (Self, sometimes referred as Higher Intellect or Buddhi) leading the chariot into the middle of two armies of Kauravas (Demonic nature) and Pandavas (Divine nature) in the battlefield of Kurukshetra (Inner Battle of Mind). The reins are the operations of the Manas (Mind). The horses are the Indriyas (senses, such as, eyes, ears, nose, tongue, etc.) The roads along which this chariot is driven are the objects of the senses. All this is made possible by a joint activity of the Atma/Higher Intellect, the Senses and the Mind.
    The Bhagavad Gita is the story of invoking and trusting Divine Guidance in order to gain Peace and Enlightenment. And, although we must fight this battle alone, we are not truly alone. We have Divine Guidance, our personal Charioteer, our Krishna, and our Atman assisting us throughout every battle we must fight with each of our Inner Demons.
    Learn how to drive your chariot
    Chariot: Sarira (physical body), the instrument through which the Self, intellect, mind, and senses operate.
    Charioteer: Atma (Self, Higher Intellect or Buddhi), is supposed to be the wise giver of instructions to the mind.
    Passenger: Jivi (Individual Soul, the embodied Atma, the pure centre of consciousness), is always the neutral witness.
    Horses: Indriyas (Senses, such as eyes-vision, ears-hearing, nose-smell, tongue-taste, skin-touch), through which we relate to the external world by perception and action.
    Reins: Manas (Mind), through which the senses receive their instructions to act and perceive.
    Roads: The countless objects of senses and desires in the world and our memory
    Wheels of the Chariot: Right effort
    Destination: “Perfection” or “Self Realization”
    Kurukshetra Battlefield: It’s the inner battlefield, the only place where one can confront, do battle with, and vanquish the Inner Demons.
    Two Armies: Kauravas (Demonic nature) and Pandavas (Divine nature)
    Who’s driving your chariot? Mostly we don’t let the charioteer on duty. The reins (mind) are flapping around freely without the proper inner guidance and not giving instruction to the horses (senses). Hence they wander freely down any road they feel like in response to their past memories (Chitta). The chariot (body) takes a beating, the horses (senses) get tired, the reins (mind)) get worn, and the charioteer (Intelligence) gets lazy. The passenger is completely ignored.
    Put the charioteer back on the job: The solution to the problem is to retrain the charioteer (Intelligence) to pick up the reins (mind) and start giving some direction to the horses (senses). This training is called sadhana (spiritual practice). It means training all of the levels of ourselves so that we might experience the still, silent, eternal center.
    Allow the charioteer to serve the passenger: As the charioteer (Intelligence) becomes more stabilized in being back on the job, there is an ever increasing awareness of the fact the entire purpose of the chariot, horses, reins, and charioteer, are to serve as instruments for the passenger, the true Self.
    “Don’t drive the car with your foot on the brake, but use the brakes to control the car when necessary. Must exercise control when there is some danger, such as impure thoughts, impure feelings, impure sights, impure hearing. If you don’t have any brakes at all you will surely come to grief. Horses which cannot be brought under control without reins, a car without brakes, a person without sense control, are all extremely dangerous and heading for disaster.”

    Source: The Teachings of Sri Sathya Sai Baba
    #InternationalGitaMahotsav2017 #Kurukshetra

  82. Symbolism in Mahabharata has spiritual insight :
    The `Mahabharata' has a deep underlying symbolism.
    Imagine Draupadi as the human body. The Pandavas, the five senses, are wedded to it. Their first cousins, a hundred in number, the Kauravas, are present in the form of the tendencies of the mind.
    Yudhishthir thinks that he is a good gambler and so would win over the Kauravas. The senses also think that they can win over the tendencies of the mind. The Pandavas keep gambling till they lose everything, including themselves and their beloved wife, Draupadi. Likewise, we lose everything when we gamble with our tendencies, and, like the Pandavas, end up in spiritual exile. The body is demeaned, like Draupadi was, and only divine intervention can save it. However, our body does not abandon us, even when we lead it into exile.
    However, there are some good tendencies also. There are many good people in the Kaurava camp. But, Krishna advises Arjuna to kill all of them, implying that all tendencies, both good and evil should be exterminated. They are already dead, he says. You are only an instrument in making this evident.
    If a person has to gain enlightenment he must overcome all the tendencies of the mind, good or bad. These do not have an existence, apart from what we have given them they are already dead. However, we keep them alive by our own acts, and, by our own acts, we can kill them all. Only then will we be free.
    Kurukshetra is the world in which we live this life, witnessing a war between our senses and our mind's tendencies.
    Dhritarashtra symbolises the mind, which gives birth, in a sense, to our tendencies. He was blind ^ as the mind is to its tendencies. His wife, Gandhari, was not blind but chose to blindfold herself. Even when we have a choice to see, we choose not to see.
    None of the Pandavas were born of their mother's husband, Pandu. Their mother, Kunti, had been given a chant, which invoked various gods who fathered the Pandavas. The Sun was the father of Karna. Dharma, the god of duty was the father of Yudhishthir and Indra the king of gods was the father of Arjuna. The god of wind, symbolising strength, was the father of Bhishma and the Ashwini Kumars were the fathers of Nakul and Sahdev.
    r mother was Pritha, signifying Prithvi, the Earth, and she took the name Kunti when Kuntibhoja adopted her. So, the Pandavas were born through the conjoining of the Earth and the divine ^ the body and the spirit.
    Karna was born of the Sun-god and the Earth mother. He is a symbol of our ego. Like him, our ego is also armoured. Only the guru's intervention could get the armour removed. Similarly, the guru helps the seeker in killing his ego.
    Krishna's form, too, is symbolic. Deep blue is the colour of eternity. It is the colour of the sky, and of the deep ocean. Yellow is the colour of the earth. A deep blue god-image enclosed in yellow clothes symbolises the spirit clothed in the body. Krishna, then, is a symbol of the body and spirit, a symbol of you and me in our enlightened form. When we become aware of our true self, we realise that there is no difference between us and Krishna or Vishnu, of whom he is an incarnation, as, indeed are we.
    Credits: KISHORE ASTHANA Source : The Times Of India
    #InternationalGitaMahotsav #Kurukshetra

  83. Adi Badri, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana :
    Saraswati Udgam Sthal, popularly known as Adi Badri Temple is a sacred placed which is located in Yamunanagar District of Haryana. It is considered as an inception point of Saraswati river. It is believed that Sage Ved Vyasa composed Bhagwad Purana at this place. Pandava stayed here during the last year of their exile period. Just 65 km from my home
    town Shahabad Markanda in Distt. Kurukshetra , it lies a lovely historical, religious and picturesque place in the foothills of the Shivaliks known as Adi Badri. Adi Badri is located around 15 km away from the famous Kapal Mochan Tirth. Adi Badri is a historical, religious and a beautiful place in the foothills of the Shivalik.
    Adi Badri Temple stands in the Shivalik Hills. The temple is believed to be more than 2000 years old. It is said that ancient temple of Adi Badri was established by Jagat Guru Shankaracharya for Lord Vishnu. The temple stands on the northern bank of the Somb river. Adi Badri is the Ancient abode of Lord Badrinath and it is the place of origin of River Saraswati. Adi Badri literally translates as Ancient Badri. According to a legend, Lord Vishnu resided at this holy place during the Sat yuga, Treta yuga, and Dwapar yuga before he moved to his newer abode during Kalyuga, which is currently in Uttaranchal. This place is also known as the origin of river Saraswati before it dried up. As per the mythological stories, the river Saraswati dried up due to the curse of sage Utathya. Saraswati river is revered as the giver of wealth, prosperity, and fertility. The water of the river is also very pure. Saraswati is Goddess of speech, the power of expressing the knowledge. In Vedas, Saraswati is celebrated as goddess as well as river. Next, to the Adi Badri temple, there are other shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Mata Mantra Devi- a Hindu goddess and Lord Buddha.
    #InternationalGitaMahotsav #Saraswati #GitaBhoomi #AdiBadri

  84. The God of Love - Krishna
    Love has tremendous power; in fact there is no greater power than love, it has the ability to heal the world. Love can heal old wounds and cleanse you of any negativity. Three things will last forever; these are, faith, hope and love and the greatest of these is love. While violence and hatred are indulged in by weak people. True love remains pure, fair, upright and without lust, greed and selfish motive.
    Power of love can be understood by the person who is full of love. It's easy to feel the love rather than describe it in words. In the Bhagwad Gitain Bhakti yoga, help is proffered and spirits are healed through love - through the soul's love for that which is eternal and through the love of the eternal for each soul.
    The path of devotion and love, bhakti yoga, is commonly associated with those who express themselves through music, poetry, dance and other fine arts and it is synonymous with a life of service, prayer and meditation, a life devoted to God. The path of bhakti yoga unfolds spontaneously. For some, its appeal stems from an inherent attraction to God. For others, gratitude toward yoga matures into love and respect for a teacher, for a system of practice or for the natural universe.
    Krishna revealed pure forms of the many types of love to us – hence he is called the God of Love. Krishna is in love with life, poetry, music of life and dance. He is adored in three different ways: vatsalya bhava, madhura bhava and sakhya bhava. Radha adored him in madhura bhava, Yashoda and Nanda worshipped him in vatsalya bhava and the cowherds with sincere, loving hearts adored him in sakhya bhava, as a friend.Krishna’s love encompasses the entire gamut of this beautiful feeling – love for his foster mother Yashoda, for his brother Balaram, love for gopis and for Radha.
    Krishna says, ‘I am the same to all beings and my love is ever the same but those who worship me with devotion, they are in me and I am in them’. All spiritual persons and saints always give the message of love. Power of love can be understood only by loving someone, only then we can realise how powerful this emotion of love can be.
    According to Osho, the more loving you are, the less is the possibility of any relationship. The moment love becomes a relationship, it becomes a bondage because there are expectations and there are demands and there are frustrations and an efforts from both sides to dominate. It becomes a struggle for power. Question arises then, as to what is true love. The best example of true love is parent-child love. Love is internal, not external and it refers to a variety of that of a parent for her child that is unconditional.
    Love enhances your inner strength. Love makes the person kindhearted, humble and helpful to others. Love is beautiful when it raises us to a higher level.
    #InternationalGitaMahotsav #KUrukshetra #GitaBhoomi #GitaMahotsav

  85. Vrindavan, Nidhi Van - The secret forest of Radha- Krisna's Raas- Leela :- India is known for some of its mysterious places to which even science has no answer. Nidhi Van of Vrindavan is one such place where the mystery is Lord Krishna visiting the place every night.If signs are to be believed then this mystery of Krishna visiting Nidhi Van every night seems real. Here, every evening, visitors and staff workers are asked to vacate the premises because it is believed that Lord Krishna visits the forest and indulges into Raasleela with Gopis. People are asked to leave because if they accidentally too witness Raasleela, they either turn mental or even die. This is not just to threat people around, but those who have smartly tried to sneek in and see the act of Raasleela hiding behind the bushes either have lost their mind for life or are dead.
    The proof that Lord Krishna visits this place every night is the empty glass of water and Paan leftovers. Inside Nidhi Van is a small temple called Rang Mahal. Every evening before shutting the doors of the temple, a silver bed is decorated. A silver glass is filled with water kept beside the bed. For Radha, make-up items along with Paan and Prasad are also kept.
    Another thing to throw light on is the Tulsi trees of Nidhi Van. Here, all the Tulsi trees are connected in pairs. People believe that it is these trees in pairs that turn into Gopis every night during Raasleela and change back into trees in the morning.
    Usually, the branches of a tree grow upwards. The branches of the trees in Nidhi Van however, grow downwards. The trees here are so dense that huge logs of woods are used to make way for people.
    In this small religious town of Vrindavan, Nidhi Van holds many secrets. It is believed that even today after midnight, Radha and Krishna come from nowhere here and indulge in raas-leela. After the act, they rest in the forest complex known as Rang Mahal. It is the place where the bed made of sandalwood is prepared for Lord Krishna each night. On the bedside are kept a jar filled with water, a Neem Daatun (to brush teeth) and Pan ( betel leaf with areca nut). It is believed that once the doors are opened in the morning, the bed looks as if someone has slept in it, whereas the water in jar is also looked consumed and so does the Pan and the Neem Datun.
    Approximately two-and-a-half acres of land in Nidhi Van is considered to be the area where Krishna-Radha and gopiyan perform the Raas-Leela. This area is filled with trees. However, what is unique is that not even one tree has a straight trunk. All of them are bending in a way that touches other trees appearing to be woven together. It is said that each tree of this place is a symbol of a Gopi. When at night Krishna-Radha come here, these trees turn alive into Gopis and turn back
    People say that since Raas-Leela begins every night here, not just humans, but birds, and other animals too leave the forest area and go into hiding. The entrance gate is locked soon after 8 pm. People believe that those who purposely or even by mistake stays there, goes blind, dumb and deaf the next morning.
    Logic is simple as those who see the act of Raas-Leela, do not remain in a condition to narrate it to anyone else.
    Nidhivan is located in Vrindavan near Mathura in UttarPardesh State of India - three hour reach from New Delhi . #InternationalGitaMahotsav #Krishna #Radha #Vrindavan #Nidhivan #Madhuvan

  86. Happy Chhath Puja to you all !
    Chhath is a festival associated with faith, purity and devotion to the Sun God. Married women observe fast during the festival.
    The festival that is observed over a period of four days is dedicated to lord Surya, the Hindu Sun god and his wife Usha. Over the days, pujas are performed to acknowledge their blessings and support in sustaining life on earth. This year, the puja will be celebrated from October 24 and continue till October 27. The main day, or Chhath, falls on October 26; it is so named because chhath means sixth, which is the sixth day of the month of Kartika.
    All through the four days, different rituals are observed. Fasting, holy bathing, fasting, abstaining from drinking water, offering prasad and prayers to the rising and setting sun form integral part of the four-day festivity. There are also people who, while heading to the river banks, perform a prostration march as a sign of their devotion. The four days have separate names and different traditions are followed and observed on each day.
    The first day is known as Nahay Khay and devotees usually take holy dip in river Ganga to cleanse themselves of sins or fasts are observed by women. Some even carry the holy water and use it in cooking. Devotees observe Lohanda and Kharna on the next day and some women observe fast from sunrise to sunset.
    On the third day, that is usually considered the main day devotees, observe fast and abstain from even drinking water. Offerings to the setting sun, known as Arghya are also dome on this day. After fasting for 36 hours the fast is broken on the final day.
    Prayers are offered to the sun and people pray for the well-being of their families. Once a family starts celebrating chhath puja, the practice is generally followed every year till there is a death in the family in some particular year.
    For the four-day Chhath, locally known as "Mahaparv", devotees buy dry wood of mango trees, "soop" and "tokri", locally known as daura - made up of bamboo, "mitti ka chulha" (earthen stove), earthen utensils, earthen lamps, "August ka phool", "lauki" (gourd), "ghaagar nimbu", sugarcane stems and other products.
    Environmentalists claim that Chhath is the most eco-friendly Hindu festival. The rituals of the festival are rigorous and are observed over a period of four days. They include holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water (Barta), standing in water for long periods of time, and offering prashad (prayer offerings) and arghya to the setting and rising sun. Some devotees also perform a prostration march as they head for the river banks. #InternationalGitaMahotsav

  87. Dev Deepawali in Varanasi [ 3 Nivember 2017 ]: It is a famous Utsav celebrated every year at the holy city Varanasi. Dev Deepawali, which is also spelled as Dev Diwali, is celebrated to mark the victory of Lord Shiva over demon Tripurasur. Hence Dev Deepawali Utsav is also known as Tripurotsav which is observed on the auspicious day of Kartik Purnima.
    Dev Diwali or Dev Deepawali is a Hindu festival observed in the Hindu month of ‘Kartik’, celebrated with great pomp and show in the Indian state of Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh. Dev Deepawali is the ‘Festival of Lights of the Gods’ and falls on the Kartik ‘Purnima’ (full moon day), fifteen days after the celebrations of Diwali. It corresponds to the month of November-December in the Gregorian calendar. This religious ceremony is started by chanting of the holy Vedic mantras by the priests, lighting diyas at the ghats and the sparkling of fire crackers, to welcome and please the Gods and Goddesses.
    The traditional plan of events for Dev Deepawali in Varanasi is quite elaborate and is followed religiously every year. The ceremony starts with the offering of prayers (Ganesh Vandana) and flowers to Lord Ganesh. This is followed by the offering of lit earthen lamps or diyas, known as deepdaan, by 21 Brahmins and 41 young girls with the chanting of Vedic mantras in the background. A lot of devotees take a dip in the river Ganges on this auspicious day, known as Kartik Snan. This ritual is believed to rid a person of his/her sins. Many households also organize Akhand Ramayan (chanting of the holy scripture, Ramayana) followed by Bhoj where food is offered to people.
    On Dev Deepawali, devotees take a holy dip in Ganges on the auspicious day of Kartik Purnima and light earthen lamps or Diya(s) in the evening. When the dusk sets, the steps of all the Ghats on the riverfront of the Ganges are lit with millions of earthen lamps. This utsav is celebrated every year in the holy city of Varanasi.
    For most travellers and spiritual seekers alike, Varanasi is a dream destination. People from all over the world come and stay in this city for days, seeking spiritual peace, meditating on the banks of the Holy River Ganga and paying several visits to the temples in what is popularly known as the city of temples.

  88. Ganga Mahotsava
    Ganges has always been the not only the lifeline of India but also the felicitator and nourishment of the Indian Civilization. The river Ganges, though, considered a thing of reverence by the Hindus has in the course of history defined the psyche of the Indian society as a whole, irrespective of religion. It not only nourishes the population that lives by its kingdom but also give them a sense of separate identity and belonging. To mark this contribution of River Ganges, an annual festival is organized that has been christened 'Ganga Mahotsava'
    In Hinduism, the Ganga is an ever-changing and ever-flowing sacred river from ages. Ganga is the Goddess of washing sin of the people from the era according to the Hindu mythology. People come to the Ganga and take a holy bath to wash out their sin.
    They pray to their gods by having Gange water in their hands, they put forward flowers and float diya filled with the oil or ghee and lit with wicks. People carry Holy Gange water to their home and save as a Ganga jal for making use of it in the variety of Hindu rituals in future.
    The calm and clean atmosphere of this day fills the soul of the devotees with the religious thoughts. The classical music performed by the great maestros really adds an unforgettable flavor to the environment.
    Ganga Mahotsava is a 5-day festive event held on the banks of Ganges in Varanasi. Ganga Mahotsava tends to promote Varanasi and Ganga as the cultural capital and lifeline of India respectively. The event gives stress on the promotion of the classical style of Indian music & dance. It provides opportunity to viewers, to witness performance of the great exponents of Indian classical dance and music. Some of these exponents of art reside in Uttar Pradesh itself. In the past editions, laureates like Ustad Bismillah Khan, Pundit Chhanulal Misra, Girija Devi, Bal Murli Krishnan, Bhimsen Joshi, Birju Maharaj, Amjad Ali Khan, Vilayat Khan, Zila Khan, Sujat Khan and Zakir Hussein have given their enthralling performances in this festival. This festival is a must attend for every tourists. The event also coincides with Dev-Dipawali the festival of lights at Varanasi.


  89. The five ways to worship Panchmukhi Hanuman are Naman, Smaran, Keerthanam, Yachanam and Arpanam. Hanumanji used to Naman, Smaran and Keerthanam of Lord Rama.
    Lord Krishna says to Arjun in Bhagwat Geeta, “He who acts for me, who is engrossed in me, who is my devotee, who is free from attachment, he reaches me”. All these 5 qualities are enshrined in Hanumanji.
    Panchamukhi Hanumanji- ward off evil eye, keep away negative energies from home and protect from jealous neighbours. Very important remedy for Vastu Dosha- South Facing doors.
    According to the legend, when Ahiravana a great demon and brother of Ravana , took unconscious Lord Rama and His brother Laxmana to Patal Lok and hid them .Hanuman went in search of them and came to know that demon Ahiravana can only be killed if lamps which were put in five different directions are extinguished simultaneously .So Hanuman became the 5 gods in different directions, named 1-Hanuman (Monkey ) 2- Hayagreeva ( Horse ) 3-Narsimha ( Lion ) 4-Garuda ( Eagle ) 5-Varahswami ( Boar ) and extinguished all the five lamps simultaneously and then Ahiravan was killed and Lord Rama and Laxmana were saved from his clutches. This five faced statue signifies the face of those five Gods in one God Hanuman.
    The Hanuman face is facing the eastern direction. It grants a pure mind and success.
    The Narasimha face is facing the south. It bestows victory and fearlessness.
    The Garuda face is facing the west. It removes the ill effects of black magic and poisons.
    The Varaha face is facing the north and blesses devotees with wealth and prosperity.
    The Hayagriva face is facing the sky and gives superior knowledge and good progeny.
    Hanuman is a great yogi (mystic) having transcended the five senses (Pancha Indriyas). In Kamba Ramayanam (in Tamil), the significance of number five is beautifully narrated as follows:
    The son of one of the five elements (son of wind – Pavana Thanaya)
    crossed one of the five elements (water – the ocean),
    through one of the five elements (sky),
    met daughter of one of the five elements (daughter of earth – Sita Devi)
    burnt down Lanka by one of the five elements (fire).
    This is probably the reason why it is advised to go around the hanuman idol five times or 14, 23, 41. The sums of the digits give five.
    Panchamukhi Hanuman Mantra :
    Panchasyachutamaneka vichitra veeryam
    Sri shanka chakra ramaniya bhujagra desam
    Peethambaram makara kundala noopurangam
    Dhyayethitam kapivaram hruthi bhvayami
    Meaning: I meditate on the Panchamukhi Hanuman presenting a gigantic and attractive form. He looks resplendent with dazzling ornaments carrying divine weapons like the conch and discuss. Meditating on his benign form shall bestow all the goods of the world and thereafter.
    Panchamukhi Hanuman is widely worshipped by those who practice tantra. Regular worship of Panchamukhi Hanuman shall confer immense blessings on the devotees and lead them towards success in this life and also in all the lives to come.

  90. Happy National Unity Day :-
    National Unity day (also known as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) is celebrated every year on 31st of October by the people all through India. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who really unified the country. Diversity can be defined as people coming together from different races nationalities religions organization or community.
    Unity in diversity is the basis of Indian culture. But the achievement of this unity in the midst of vast diversity is a great problem in the country. No Parliament can make any law to unite the Indians and to make them like the members of one family. Regionalism, parochialism, narrows patriotism pose great obstacles in the path of unity. Lack of tolerance and fellow feeling add fuel to the fire of disintegration.
    So the Indians must remember that united they stand, divided they fall. To achieve this unity they have to forget the ill-feeling among them. They should be inspired by the spirit of Universal Brotherhood. They should remember that they are neither Oriyas, nor Bengalis nor Gujaratis. They are only Indians. Only one object should bind them together. They should aim at the peace and prosperity of the nation. They should break narrow domestic walls which destroy the unity of their nation.
    India believes in the principle of co-existence. Integration of the Indians can not be possible without the spirit of co­existence. Unity among the Indians is highly essential to save our country from external aggression. Time has come for us to live together with a spirit of tolerance and co-operation.

  91. Happy National Mathematics Day !
    What you did not know about Ramanujan, the man who knew infinity :
    It is quite intriguing that many a great life is remembered in conjunction with extremely short expressions.
    For instance, when you think of Einstein, it is difficult not to think of the equation E = mc2. When you see a bitten apple, you think of Steve Jobs (or Alan Turing, depending on what you know of this computer scientist). When you hear “You too?” you think of either the bard (the bard, mind you) or the ruler he wrote about.
    If you are into mathematics, you would have heard of 1729. It’s the Ramanujan number.
    This number, or rather the beauty of the number, was expounded by Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar, considered by many as one of the greatest mathematicians of all times and certainly India’s greatest in centuries. Though 1729 is not exactly the mathematician’s most important contribution, it certainly is one of the most enduring in public memory.
    Simply put, 1729 is the smallest number that can be expressed as the sum of two different cubes in two different ways. (A cube of a number is the number multiplied by itself three times over. So in 2 times 2 times 2 equal 8, you find the cube of 2 is 8.) 1729 is the sum of the cubes of 10 and 9 (1000 and 729 respectively) as well as the sum of the cubes of 12 and 1 (1728 and 1 respectively).
    Sounds very believable, considering that Ramanujan explained the beauty of 1729 when Hardy was visiting an ill Ramanujan. Here’s the anecdote as it appears in Robert Kanigel’s 1991 book, The Man who knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan.
    Once, in the taxi from London, Hardy (while visiting an ailing Ramanujan) noticed its number, 1729. …(as Hardy) entered the room where Ramanujan lay in a bed and declared…1729 was rather a dull number. “No, Hardy,” said Ramanujan. “It is a very interesting number…”

  92. oday is All Souls Day !
    On All Souls Day and today, we remember all the dead, those in heaven and those still be on the way there: God alone knows where each soul is. Today we pray for all souls, for the faithful departed still on the journey to their heavenly home.All Souls Day also celebrates the spiritual bond between those in heaven and the living.
    According to belief, the soul of a person who dies can go to one of three places. The first is heaven, where a person who dies in a state of perfect grace and communion with God goes. The second is hell, where those who die in a state of mortal sin are naturally condemned by their choice. The intermediate option is purgatory, which is thought to be where most people, free of mortal sin, but still in a state of lesser (venial) sin, must go.Purgatory is necessary so that souls can be cleansed and perfected before they enter into heaven. There is scriptural basis for this belief. The primary reference is in 2 Maccabees, 12:26 and 12:32. "Turning to supplication, they prayed that the sinful deed might be fully blotted out... Thus made atonement for the dead that they might be free from sin."
    When we pray for those who have died, we connect ourselves with them. We help them. And our prayers help them help us. As the first reading today says, “The souls of the just are in the hand of God, and no torment shall touch them. They seemed, in the view of the foolish, to be dead; and their passing away was thought an affliction and their going forth from us, utter destruction. But they are in peace. For if before men, indeed, they be punished, yet is their hope full of immortality; chastised a little, they shall be greatly blessed, because God tried them and found them worthy of himself. As gold in the furnace, he proved them, and as sacrificial offerings he took them to himself.”
    Only that which is perfect can enter the presence of God fully–which is what happens in heaven. We pray that our loved ones (or others) who were not perfect when they died, may be purified to enter into God’s presence.
    How lucky we are then, that the GOD gives us an annual reminder in the form of All Souls Day. All Souls Day is a sobering reminder of the poor souls suffering greatly and greatly in need of our prayers.

  93. Brahma Sarovar In Kurukshetra !
    Brahma Sarovar, as the name suggests, is associated with Lord Brahma, the creator of the Universe. Taking dip in holy water of sarover during Solar Eclipse is considered equal to the merits of performing thousands of Asvamedha Yajnas. According to Local Legends this tank was first excavated by King Kuru the ancestor of Kauravs & Pandavas. Having seen its huge water body Abul-Fazl the courtier of Mughal emperor Akbar during solar eclipse has described the vast water body of this sarovar as miniature Sea. According to the local tradition a tower was erected by Yudhistar in the island situated in the middle of sarovar as a token of his victory in the Mahabharta battle. In the same island complex lies a ancient Draupadi kupa. The shrine of Lord Shiva located on the northern bank of the sarovar is called Sarveshwar Mahadev. According to the tradition, the Shiva Linga was installed here by Lord Brahma himself. Many devotees consider one prikarma of this tank equal to making one visit to all the tirth lying within the holy circuit of Kurukshetra 48 Kos
    Brahma Sarovar, is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
    The size of the Tank is 3600 ft × 1200 ft, the depth of the Tank is 15 ft.Bath in the sarovar during solar Eclipse is considered equal to the merits of performing thousands of Asvamedha yajnas and free from all sins and cycle of birth-death. Every year lacs of people come to take bath at Brahma Sarovar on the occasion of Somavati Amavasya.
    Brahma Sarovar is a water tank sacred to the Dharmic religions in Thanesar, in the state of Haryana in North India.
    The Brahma Sarovar here is believed to be the cradle of civilization. The sarovar is also mentioned in the eleventh century AD memoirs of Al Beruni, called ‘Kitab-ul Hind .
    The sarovar also has a mention in Mahabharata citing its use by Duryodhana to hide himself under water on the concluding day of the war.
    The Sarovar comes to life in winters when birds migrate from faraway places to take a dip in these waters. This beautiful tank bears a shining look during the 'Deep Daan' and 'Aarti' on the occasion of Gita Jayanti in the late November and early December. Brahma Sarovar is a water tank sacred to the Dharmic religions in Thanesar, in the state of Haryana in North India. #IGM #InternationalGitaMahotsav #GitaJayanti

  94. Children are the future
    Nurture them right, so that they grow up to be able leaders.
    And lead the world towards light.
    Children are sensitive and innocent,
    they are the little angels of God.
    On this Children's Day
    Take the pledge that you would guide your children towards becoming better humans.
    Celebrate it and take a pledge to grow up to be ideal citizens and work for the betterment of the nation and the world.
    Happy Children's Day!

  95. Om Namah Shivaya
    Meaning: It means “I bow to Shiva,” which is your true inner Self, the divine consciousness that resides within each one of us. Benefits: This mantra brings calmness to a restless mind. Builds self-confidence Relieves stress and helps you relax It helps you find a direction in life.

  96. “AUM”– the sound of the universe and the sound of creation.
    Om is a solemn and sacred exclamation. Chanting Om is a purifying experience. It is also transliterated into English as "Aum." The three syllable A+U+M represents and salutes Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh and invokes their blessings. The three syllable also represents the three Vedas-Rig Veda, Yjur Veda and Sama Veda.
    Om is the source of all religions and religious scriptures. The uttering of the sacred and mystical Om is called Onkar or Omkar. It is the sound of Brahma. It is the predominating force and power. For this reason, chanting Om before every auspicious activity is essential. Most mantras start with Om and much is written on this topic in the scriptures. The Upanishads consider Om as the basis of every other mantra. It is the sound of the origination and dissolution of the universe. The past, present, future and all that transcends time are all included in this sound.
    Chanting Om
    Om must be chanted in a high and prolonged note with great devotion. Chanting produces a quivering sensation and power within. It affects every part of the body. The mind experiences unity and strength. The voice becomes gentle. Negativity in the mind is destroyed. The body feels buoyant. One forgets wordly thoughts. The dormant inner strength is aroused. Self-confidence grows. Since the life force moves vertically, by chanting Om 7,11,21 or 51 times, sadness and disappointments vanish and contentment grows. When chanted in a group, the beneficial influence is multiplied. To ensure physical and emotional strength one must chant Om with a tranquil mind for sometime every day. Even scientists agree that chanting Om is beneficial.
    The Sound of Om
    Shiva's drum produced the sound of Om through it came the notes of the octave (SA, RI, GA, MA, PA, DHA, NI). Om is also the sound form of the Atman.
    Musically, it is also held that the term OM or AUM is made up by three base notes ' A ' 'U' 'M' or the basic 'SA' 'PA' of the fundamental scale and again Sa (the base note) of the immediately higher scale. When one pronounces these notes in continuity, all the basic notes from Sa to Ni also sound. Similarly when one pronounces AUM correctly, all the basic sounds also echo. It is believed to be the traditional way of clearing all the impediments in the vocal chord to make one chant the hymns correctly. Their unison makes one not only sound sonorous but also acts as the necessary preparation to chant a Mantra (Incantation) correctly.

  97. ज्योति कलश छलके ज्योति कलश छलके - jyoti kalash chhalake jyoti kalash chhalake
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    हुए गुलाबी, लाल सुनहरे
    रंग दल बादल के
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    घर आंगन वन उपवन उपवन
    करती ज्योति अमृत के सींचन
    मंगल घट ढल के
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    पात पात बिरवा हरियाला
    धरती का मुख हुआ उजाला
    सच सपने कल के
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    ऊषा ने आँचल फैलाया
    फैली सुख की शीतल छाया
    नीचे आँचल के
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    ज्योति यशोदा धरती मैय्या
    नील गगन गोपाल कन्हैय्या
    श्यामल छवि झलके
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    अम्बर कुमकुम कण बरसाये
    फूल पँखुड़ियों पर मुस्काये
    बिन्दु तुहिन जल के
    ज्योति कलश छलके
    चित्रपट / Film: Bhabhi ki Chuudiyaan
    संगीतकार / Music Director: Sudhir Phadke
    गीतकार / Lyricist: Pt. Narendra Sharma

  98. नील गगन के छाँवों में दिन रैन गले से मिलते है
    दिल पंच्छी बन उड़ जाता है हम खोये खोये रहते है
    ओ ओ आ आ आ
    जब फूल कोई मुस्काता है प्रीतम की सुगंध आ जाती है
    नस नस में भंवर सा चलता है मदमा की जलन तड़पाती है
    यादों की नदी घिर आती है हर मौज में हम तो बहते है
    दिल पंच्छी बन उड़ जाता है हम खोये खोये रहते है
    ओ ओ आ आ आ
    नील गगन के छाँवों में दिन रैन गले से मिलते है
    दिल पंच्छी बन उड़ जाता है हम खोये खोये रहते है
    कहता समय का उजियारा इक चन्द्र भी आनेवाला है
    इन ज्योत की प्यासी अखियाँ को अखियों से पिलानेवाला है
    जब पात हवा से बजते है हम चौंक के राहें तकते है
    दिल पंच्छी बन उड़ जाता है हम खोये खोये रहते है
    ओ ओ आ आ आ
    नील गगन के छाँवों में दिन रैन गले से मिलते है
    दिल पंच्छी बन उड़ जाता है हम खोये खोये रहते है
    Movie : Amarpali
    Lyricist : Shailendra
    Music : Shankar JaiKishan
    Singer : Lata Mangeshkar

  99. Shri Bhagwat Gita Summary :
    यहाँ नीचे भागवत गीता के दर्शन का संक्षिप्त सार है. भागवत गीता का उपदेश भारत के हरियाणा राज्य में कुरुक्षेत्र के युद्ध के मैदान पर अपने शिष्य अर्जुन को, भगवान कृष्ण, भगवान स्वयं के द्वारा दिया गया. इन शिक्षाओं को 5000 साल पहले दिया गया था लेकिन ये हमारे जीवन में आज भी उतनी ही प्रासंगिक हैं.
    (Here below is the brief essence of the Philosophy of Bhagwat Gita. Teachings of Bhagwat Gita were given by Lord Krishna, the God Himself to his disciple Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra in Haryana State of India. These teachings were given more than 5000 years ago but these are still relevant today in our lives. )
    अतीत में जो कुछ भी हुआ, वह अच्छे के लिए हुआ, जो कुछ हो रहा है, अच्छा हो रहा है, जो भविष्य में होगा, अच्छा ही होगा. अतीत के लिए मत रोओ, अपने वर्तमान जीवन पर ध्यान केंद्रित करो , भविष्य के लिए चिंता मत करो
    (Whatever happened in the past, it happened for the good; Whatever is happening, is happening for the good; Whatever shall happen in the future, shall happen for the good only. Do not weep for the past, do not worry for the future, concentrate on your present life.)
    जन्म के समय में आप क्या लाए थे जो अब खो दिया है? आप ने क्या पैदा किया था जो नष्ट हो गया है? जब आप पैदा हुए थे, तब आप कुछ भी साथ नहीं लाए थे. आपके पास जो कुछ भी है, आप को इस धरती पर भगवान से ही प्राप्त हुआ है. आप इस धरती पर जो भी दोगे, तुम भगवान को ही दोगे. हर कोई खाली हाथ इस दुनिया में आया था और खाली हाथ ही उसी रास्ते पर चलना होगा. सब कुछ केवल भगवान के अंतर्गत आता है.
    (What did you bring at the time of birth, that you have lost? What did you produce, which is destroyed? You didn't bring anything when you were born. Whatever you have, you have received it from the God only while on this earth. Whatever you will give, you will give it to the God. Everyone came in this world empty handed and shall go the same way. Everything belongs to God only.)
    आज जो कुछ आप का है, पहले किसी और का था और भविष्य में किसी और का हो जाएगा. परिवर्तन संसार का नियम है.
    (Whatever belongs to you today, belonged to someone else earlier and shall belong to some one else in future. Change is the law of the universe.)
    आप एक अविनाशी आत्मा हैं और एक मृत्युमय शरीर नहीं है. शरीर पांच तत्वों से बना है - पृथ्वी, अग्नि, जल, वायु और आकाश। एक दिन शरीर इन तत्वों में लीन हो जाएगा.
    (You are an indestructible Soul & not a body. Body is composed of five elements - Earth, Fire, Water, Air and Sky; one day body shall perish in these elements.)
    आत्मा अजन्म है और कभी नहीं मरता है. आत्मा मरने के बाद भी हमेशा के लिए रहता है. तो क्यों व्यर्थ की चिंता करते हो? आप किस बात से डर रहे हैं? कौन तुम्हें मार सकता है?
    (Soul lives forever even after death as soul is never born & never dies. So Why do you worry unnecessarily? What are you afraid of? Who can kill you?)
    केवल सर्वशक्तिमान ईश्वर के लिए अपने आप को समर्पित करो. जो भगवान का सहारा लेगा, उसे हमेशा भय, चिंता और निराशा से मुक्ति मिलेगी.
    (Devote yourself to the Almighty God only. One who takes the support of God, always gains freedom from fear, worry and despair.)
    Jai Shri Krishna
    #InternationalGitaMahotsav #IGM2017

  100. Happy Thanksgiving Day to all who will be celebrating on Thursday, on November 23 today !Thanksgiving is a day of coming together and giving thanks and gratitude for those who make us happy.
    “Each day I am thankful for nights that turned into mornings, friends that turned into family, dreams that turned into reality and likes that turned into love. Most importantly though, I am thankful for you today and everyday.”
    Thanksgiving for people is…The morning sun and the setting moon, The cheerful bird and the dancing mood, The silent waters and the playful dunes, But more than that I cherish you. Wishing you a happy and healthy Thanksgiving Day.

  101. तू प्यार का सागर है
    तेरी इक बूँद के प्यासे हम
    लौटा जो दिया तुमने, चले जायेंगे जहाँ से हम
    तू प्यार का सागर है …
    घायल मन का, पागल पंछी उड़ने को बेक़रार
    पंख हैं कोमल, आँख है धुँधली, जाना है सागर पार
    जाना है सागर पार
    अब तू हि इसे समझा, राह भूले थे कहान से हम
    तू प्यार का सागर है …
    इधर झूमती गाये ज़िंदगी, उधर है मौत खड़ी
    कोई क्या जाने कहाँ है सीमा, उलझन आन पड़ी
    उलझन आन पड़ी
    कानों में ज़रा कह दे, कि आये कौन दिशा से हम
    तू प्यार का सागर है …
    Song - Tu Pyaar Ka Saagar Hai ..a spiritual song
    Movie : Seema (1955)
    Singers : Manna Dey
    Lyricist - Shailendra
    Music Directors - Shankar Jaikishan

  102. ऐ मालिक तेरे बंदे हम
    ऐसे हो हमारे करम
    नेकी पर चलें
    और बदी से टलें
    ताकि हंसते हुये निकले दम
    जब ज़ुल्मों का हो सामना
    तब तू ही हमें थामना
    वो बुराई करें
    हम भलाई भरें
    नहीं बदले की हो कामना
    बढ़ उठे प्यार का हर कदम
    और मिटे बैर का ये भरम
    नेकी पर चलें ...
    ये अंधेरा घना छा रहा
    तेरा इनसान घबरा रहा
    हो रहा बेखबर
    कुछ न आता नज़र
    सुख का सूरज छिपा जा रहा
    है तेरी रोशनी में वो दम
    जो अमावस को कर दे पूनम
    नेकी पर चलें ...
    बड़ा कमज़ोर है आदमी
    अभी लाखों हैं इसमें कमीं
    पर तू जो खड़ा
    है दयालू बड़ा
    तेरी कृपा से धरती थमी
    दिया तूने जो हमको जनम
    तू ही झेलेगा हम सबके ग़म
    नेकी पर चलें ...
    Title: ऐ मालिक तेरे बंदे हम - ai maalik tere bande ham
    चित्रपट / Film: Do Ankhen Baarah Hath
    संगीतकार / Music Director: Vasant Desai
    गीतकार / Lyricist: भरत व्यास-(Bharat Vyas)
    गायक / Singer(s): Manna De, लता मंगेशकर-(Lata Mangeshkar)

  103. Amongst all the things in the universe, mind must be the fastest traveler. It travels to past or future in no time at all. Sometimes it dwells on the memories of the past while other times it just fantasizes about the future, sometimes just making castles in the air. Our association with this past and future is important for upholding the instinctive tendency. It is natural to mull over the past and daydream about future. But majority of the times our lives seem to be dictated by these thoughts, to the extent that we forget that our place is ingrained the present actually. To stay Here, at This place becomes a rarity. Staying neutral and being aware of the time is what one needs to go ahead in life.

  104. aage bhii jaane na tuu
    आगे भी जाने न तू, पीछे भी जाने न तू
    जो भी है, बस यही एक पल है
    अन्जाने सायों का राहों में डेरा है
    अन्देखी बाहों ने हम सबको घेरा है
    ये पल उजाला है बाक़ी अंधेरा है
    ये पल गँवाना न ये पल ही तेरा है
    जीनेवाले सोच ले यही वक़्त है कर ले पूरी आरज़ू
    आगे भी ...
    इस पल की जलवों ने महफ़िल संवारी है
    इस पल की गर्मी ने धड़कन उभारी है
    इस पल के होने से दुनिया हमारी है
    ये पल जो देखो तो सदियों पे वारि है
    जीनेवाले सोच ले यही वक़्त है कर ले पूरी आरज़ू
    आगे भी ...
    इस पल के साए में अपना ठिकाना है
    इस पल की आगे की हर शय फ़साना है
    कल किसने देखा है कल किसने जाना है
    इस पल से पाएगा जो तुझको पाना है
    जीनेवाले सोच ले यही वक़्त है कर ले पूरी आरज़ू
    आगे भी ...
    चित्रपट / Film: Waqt
    संगीतकार / Music Director: Ravi
    गीतकार / Lyricist: साहिर-(Sahir)
    गायक / Singer(s): आशा भोसले-(Asha)

  105. आ चल के तुझे मैं ले के चलूं - aa chal ke tujhe mai.n le ke chaluu
    आ चल के तुझे, मैं ले के चलूं
    इक ऐसे गगन के तले
    जहाँ ग़म भी न हो, आँसू भी न हो
    बस प्यार ही प्यार पले
    सूरज की पहली किरण से, आशा का सवेरा जागे
    चंदा की किरण से धुल कर, घनघोर अंधेरा भागे
    कभी धूप खिले, कभी छाँव मिले
    लम्बी सी डगर न खले
    जहाँ ग़म भी नो हो...
    जहाँ दूर नज़र दौड़ाएं, आज़ाद गगन लहराए
    जहाँ रंग बिरंगे पंछी, आशा का संदेसा लाएँ
    सपनों में पली, हँसती हो कली
    जहाँ शाम सुहानी ढले
    जहाँ ग़म भी न हो...
    सपनों के ऐसे जहां में, जहाँ प्यार ही प्यार खिला हो
    हम जा के वहाँ खो जाएं, शिकवा न कोई गिला हो
    कहीं बैर न हो, कोई गैर न हो
    सब मिलके यूँ चलते चलें
    जहाँ गम भी न हो..
    चित्रपट / Film: Door Gagan Ki Chhaaon Mein
    संगीतकार / Music Director: किशोर कुमार-(Kishore Kumar)
    गीतकार / Lyricist: किशोर कुमार-(Kishore Kumar)
    गायक / Singer(s): किशोर कुमार-(Kishore Kumar)

  106. Bachche Man Ke Sachche - बच्चे मन के सच्चे
    बच्चे मन के सच्चे, सारी जग के आँख के तारे
    ये वो नन्हे फूल हैं जो, भगवान को लगते प्यारे
    बच्चे मन के सच्चे...
    खुद रूठे, खुद मन जाये, फिर हमजोली बन जाये
    झगड़ा जिसके साथ करें, अगले ही पल फिर बात करें
    इनको किसी से बैर नहीं, इनके लिये कोई ग़ैर नहीं
    इनका भोलापन मिलता है, सबको बाँह पसारे
    बच्चे मन के सच्चे....
    इन्सां जब तक बच्चा है, तब तक समझ का कच्चा है
    ज्यों ज्यों उसकी उमर बढ़े, मन पर झूठ का मैल चढ़े
    क्रोध बढ़े, नफ़रत घेरे, लालच की आदत घेरे
    बचपन इन पापों से हटकर, अपनी उमर गुज़ारे
    बच्चे मन के सच्चे....
    तन कोमल मन सुन्दर है, बच्चे बड़ों से बेहतर
    इनमें छूत और छात नहीं, झूठी जात और पात नहीं
    भाषा की तक़रार नहीं, मज़हब की दीवार नहीं
    इनकी नज़रों में एक है, मन्दिर मस्जिद गुरुद्वारे
    बच्चे मन के सच्चे....
    Movie : Do Kaliyan
    Music By Ravi
    Singer Lata Mangeshkar
    Lyricist Sahir Ludhianvi

  107. International Day of Persons with Disabilities : 3rd December 2017
    Society sometimes labels them as “abnormal”. But are we all not abnormal in some or the other ways? Are we all not challenged at times? Then, why label the disabled? In this evolving world we talk repeatedly about equality and justice for all. We talk about rights and responsibilities. We talk about improvement in quality of life. Are we fulfilling our duty towards our fellow citizens who have been born with or acquired some form of disability during their lives? Are we extending the support, love and care which we can provide them? If not help them, then can we at least stop humoring them or increasing their difficulties? ‘Equality’ and ‘Justice for All’ are big words but in reality should form the basic pillars of any society. Disabled people amongst all should be allowed to live their lives with equal dignity and liberty.
    The biggest challenge faced by the disabled is the negative attitude of society towards the disabled people. Some people sympathize with them. Some disregard them. Some humour them. But they forget that disabled human beings also have feelings. They, who have been rejected by society in many ways; let us stop making fun of them and start acting responsibly. Let it be fashionable to help the disabled. Support them rather than humoring them.
    Extend Your Support!!
    Give the disabled space to use public transport system. Allow them to sit on reserved seats.
    Allow them to use their parking space.
    When you see a blind person crossing a road, help him/her if needed.
    Do not create any hassles in schooling of disabled children. They have an equal right to study in
    regular schools amongst other kids their own age.
    Stop discriminating based on their disability.
    Do not avoid giving jobs to disabled people due to any social taboos.
    Create enabling working environment for the disabled.
    Do not make fun or laugh at disabled.
    Help them build up their self-esteem, become independent and lead normal lives.
    Ours is not a disabled friendly society. Come, let us join hands together and provide all the support, love and care to the disabled. Together we can. Together we will.
    Every disabled individual is gifted with special skills and interest. Let us move towards
    inclusiveness in our society.Every disabled person can be an asset rather than just a responsibility.
    It depends upon us to change our perception. Remember, “Every human being is special.”

  108. " kabhi tanhaiyon mein yoon hamaari yaad aayegi " ; This is greatest curse song in Urdu Hindi film songs. Mubarak ji has sung it with such intensity that her curse will come true to all betrayed lover. Though she did not sing lot of songs like Asha ji & Lata ji , yet she will be considered one of the great singers of Bollywood for her melodious and magical voice. This song made her so popular. I also like this one very much. She will always remain in the heart of music lovers. May God rest her soul in peace. the creator of this immortal song Music Director Snehal Bhatkar died two years ago unsung . Is it not sad that such a talented person never got its due .
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू हुमारी याद आएगी
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू हुमारी याद आएगी
    अंधेरे छा रहे होंगे, के बिजली कौंध जाएगी
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू हुमारी याद आएगी
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू हुमारी याद आएगी
    अंधेरे छा रहे होंगे, के बिजली कौंध जाएगी
    अंधेरे छा रहे होंगे
    ये बिजली रख कर जाएगी तेरे प्यार की दुनिया
    ये बिजली रख कर जाएगी तेरे प्यार की दुनिया
    ना फिर तू जी सकेगा और ना तुझको मौत आएगी
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू हुमारी याद आएगी
    अंधेरे च्छा रहे होंगे, के बिजली कौंध जाएगी
    कभी तन्हाइयो मे यू
    Movie: Hamari Yaad Aayegi (1961)
    Singers: Mubarak Begum
    Song Lyricists: Kidar Nath Sharma
    Music Director:Snehal Bhatkar

  109. A tribute to Shashi Kapoor !
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा - Yeh Kiska Lahu Hai Kaun Mara - Dharmputra (1961)
    How relevant this song is in todays situation where some miscreants try to disturb communal harmony of our nation. Let people of my country read each and every word of this poem written by great Sahirji and learn to spread love.
    धरती की सुलगती छाती के बैचेन शरारे पूछते हैं
    तुम लोग जिन्हे अपना न सके, वो खून के धारे पूछते हैं
    सड़कों की जुबान चिल्लाती है
    सागर के किनारे पूछते हैं -
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा
    ऐ रहबर-ए-मुल्क-ओ-कौम बता
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा.
    ये जलते हुए घर किसके हैं
    ये कटते हुए तन किसके है,
    तकसीम के अंधे तूफ़ान में
    लुटते हुए गुलशन किसके हैं,
    बदबख्त फिजायें किसकी हैं
    बरबाद नशेमन किसके हैं,
    कुछ हम भी सुने, हमको भी सुना.
    ऐ रहबर-ए-मुल्क-ओ-कौम बता
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा.
    किस काम के हैं ये दीन धरम
    जो शर्म के दामन चाक करें,
    किस तरह के हैं ये देश भगत
    जो बसते घरों को खाक करें,
    ये रूहें कैसी रूहें हैं
    जो धरती को नापाक करें,
    आँखे तो उठा, नज़रें तो मिला.
    ऐ रहबर-ए-मुल्क-ओ-कौम बता
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा.
    जिस राम के नाम पे खून बहे
    उस राम की इज्जत क्या होगी,
    जिस दीन के हाथों लाज लूटे
    उस दीन की कीमत क्या होगी,
    इन्सान की इस जिल्लत से परे
    शैतान की जिल्लत क्या होगी,
    ये वेद हटा, कुरआन उठा.
    ऐ रहबर-ए-मुल्क-ओ-कौम बता
    ये किसका लहू है कौन मरा.
    [Music: N.Dutta; Singer : Mahender Kapoor; Producer : B.R.Chopra; Director : Yash Chopra; Actor : Sashi Kapoor

  110. "Bhool sakta hai bhala yeh kaun pyari aakhen"-- DHARAMPUTRA
    Great,very sweet,listened this song with my closed eyes !
    भूल सकता है भला कौन ये प्यारी आँखें
    रंग में डूबी हुई नींद से भारी आँखें
    भूल सकता है भला कौन …
    मेरी हर सोस ने हर सोच ने चाहा है तुम्हें
    जब से देखा है तुम्हें तब से सराहा है तुम्हें
    बस गई हैं मेरी आँखों में तुम्हारी आँखें
    रंग में डूबी हुई नींद से भारी आँखें
    भूल सकता है भला कौन …
    तुम जो नज़रों को उठाओ तो सितारे झुक जायें
    तुम जो पल्कों को झुकाओ तो ज़माने रुक जायें
    क्यूँ न बन जायें इन आँखोन की पुजारी आँखेन
    रंग में डूबी हुई नींद से भारी आँखें
    भूल सकता है भला कौन …
    जागती रातों को सपनों का खज़ाना मिल जाये
    तुम जो मिल जाओ तो जीने क बहाना मिल जाये
    अपनी क़िस्मत पे करे नाज़ हमारी आँखेन
    भूल सकता है भला कौन ये प्यारी आँखें
    रंग में डूबी हुई नींद से भारी आँखें
    भूल सकता है भला कौन …
    चित्रपट / Film: Dharmputra
    संगीतकार / Music Director: N Dutta
    गीतकार / Lyricist: साहिर-(Sahir)
    गायक / Singer(s): महेन्द्र कपूर-(Mahendra Kapoor)

  111. What is a shortwave radio?
    On the technical side, a shortwave radio is a receiver that can receive radio transmission on frequencies between 3 and 30 MHz. The main characteristic of these frequencies is their ability to "propagate" for long distances, making possible such world-wide communications as international broadcasting and coordination of long-distance shipping.
    Why would I want/need one?
    The primary reasons people own and use shortwave radios are personal enjoyment and keeping up with local emergency channels. From a social point of view, shortwave radio is a method of enabling world-wide transmission of information and opinion, and a way to find out information and opinions from around the world. Many countries broadcast to the world in English, making it easy to find out what a given country's position is on those things that it finds important. Shortwave radio can also provide a way to eavesdrop on the everyday workings of international politics and commerce. You can hear news and other programs from a wide range of sources, and you can get emergency information by listening to amateur radio broadcasts including Single Side Band (SSB) transmissions. You also have Longwave (LW) band for Ship-to-Shore calls. FM and Medium Wave (MW) are commonly called AM.
    What do I need to know to use one?
    Shortwave listening is a hobby with thousands of participants worldwide, and all you need to know to begin is how to tune a radio. There are no special knowledge or skill requirements; however, as you gain experience and develop special listening techniques, your listening enjoyment increases accordingly. These skills include keeping up on local and non-local issues which affect the broadcast, knowing how to troubleshoot your radio and antenna installation and maintenance. The basic equipment you would need is a radio and a list of frequencies. In most cases, you can receive many stations using the antenna that comes with the radio; however, to receive more distant stations, you can use an external long-wire antenna.

  112. Human Rights Day :
    December 10 is Human Rights Day, a United Nations (UN) campaign that calls for people to know and push for their rights no matter where they are in the world.The theme for Human Rights Day 2017 is 'Human rights start with you'.
    Human rights belong to everyone, everywhere, regardless of nationality, sexuality, gender, race, religion or age.
    Rights and duties are two phases of the same thing. Rights are considered to be essential for the expansion of human personality. They offer to the individual a sufficient scope for free action and thus prepare ground for self-development.
    Every right of an individual involves a corresponding duty of others. For example, my right to life implies that others should give protection and security to my life.
    My right to move about freely implies a corresponding duty resting on others that they should not interfere with my free movement.
    The conditions of life which I need for myself arc also needed by others. This indicates that every right is a duty in itself. If an individual exercises a right, he must bear in mind that the same right belongs to others as well.
    If I have the right to freedom of speech, it is my duty to see that I may not be a hindrance in the free exercise of this right by others.
    A person He guarantees the rights to the majority in the society to remove the should not abuse the right given to him by the State.
    For example, if he uses the right to freedom of speech for spreading communal bitterness or society cannot deprive man of these rights; these are inherent and to preach violence and anarchy, it becomes an act counter to the social alienable rights, good. The state will then be justified in depriving the person of his right if he has abused it.
    Since the State guarantees and maintains My Rights, I have the Duty to support the State:
    The state is the agency for social good and it is the duty of an individual to perform ones duties honestly.
    The above-mentioned relations between rights and duties, there for clearly prove that rights and duties go hand in hand. A healthy civic li] is impossible without the co-existence of rights and duties. Rights without duties have no meaning and duties without rights have no sense.

  113. मनुष्यता के रचयिता राष्ट्रकवि मैथिलीशरण गुप्त जी को उनकी पुण्यतिथि पर सादर नमनI
    चारु चंद्र की चंचल किरणें :
    चारु चंद्र की चंचल किरणें,
    खेल रहीं थीं जल थल में।
    स्वच्छ चाँदनी बिछी हुई थी,
    अवनि और अम्बर तल में।
    पुलक प्रकट करती थी धरती,
    हरित तृणों की नोकों से।
    मानो झूम रहे हों तरु भी,
    मन्द पवन के झोंकों से।
    पंचवटी की छाया में है,
    सुन्दर पर्ण कुटीर बना।
    जिसके बाहर स्वच्छ शिला पर,
    धीर वीर निर्भीक मना।
    जाग रहा है कौन धनुर्धर,
    जब कि भुवन भर सोता है।
    भोगी अनुगामी योगी सा,
    बना दृष्टिगत होता है।
    बना हुआ है प्रहरी जिसका,
    उस कुटिया में क्या धन है।
    जिसकी सेवा में रत इसका,
    तन है, मन है, जीवन है।

  114. Happy birthday to The Man Who Knew Infinity !
    His birth anniversary, December 22, is celebrated as the National Mathematics Day every year. Srinivasa Ramanujan, a self-educated mathematician, pioneered brilliant discoveries of theorems. He was aided by Professor G. H. Hardy in England. The Man Who Knew Infinity, starring Dev Patel, is a biopic on his life.
    He compiled 3,900 results (mostly identities and equations), before he lost his life at the age of 32. His infinite series for pi was one of his most celebrated findings.According to reports, Ramanujan used to jot down his ideas in notebooks, in green ink.Ramanujan, the greatest mathematical genius the world saw in recent years had no formal education in the subject and credited his work to visions from a goddess " MahaLakshmi " A self-taught mathematician, it is astonishing how much the man achieved, turning into one of the most significant ground breakers in history, much like Newton and Einstein.
    Ramanujan frequently said, "An equation for me has no meaning, unless it represents a thought of God."-and he wasn't kidding. Like ancient Indian mathematicians, Ramanujan only noted the results and summaries of his works; no proof was worked out for the formulae he came up with. He straightaway credited his work to the divine providence of Mahalakshmi of Namakkal, a family goddess whom he looked to for inspiration. The mathematician said that he dreamed of the Goddess' male consort Narasimha, who is denoted by droplets of blood, after which, scrolls of complex mathematical work unfolded in front of his eyes.
    After his early and untimely death, Ramanujan left behind a treasure that was more priceless than the largest diamond on earth--- his three notebooks and a few scraps of paper covering around 3900 equations, summaries and results. However, there was no proof with them. And even now, after almost 100 years, scientists and scholars are still working on research papers based on his work. More and more scientists are coming forward with their top findings only to discover that Ramanujan has already been there before.
    One of the notebooks, known as the ‘lost notebook’, was discovered in the Trinity College library by mathematician George Andrews in 1976, and was later published as a book.
    The findings he gave all those years ago are now being used in fundamental problems and challenges of science that the world is facing now-things that he could not have known about-computer science algorithms, the "super string theory" of cosmology, and the complicated molecular systems in statistical machines are to name a few.

  115. "May This Christmas Bring About A Pleasant Change In Your Life,
    May My Wishes Find You With A Smile On Your Face,
    I Wish You The Best In Life This Christmas,
    Merry Christmas To You And Your Loved Ones."
    Merry Christmas everyone! Warmest wishes. Thank you for your support throughout the entire year. Happy holidays!

  116. Today is the 17th death anniversary of Malika-e-Tarannum Madam Noor Jehan. Yes, it’s been 17 long years since South Asia’s queen of melody left us all, after she suffered from a prolonged ailment, at the age of 74.
    Famous for her silken saris, bold eye make-up, unique hairstyles and glittering diamonds, Noor Jehan’s melodious voice touched millions and created a matchless blend of vocal gestures and emotional expressions, which interpreted feelings in a very surreal way.
    She was renowned as one of the greatest and most influential singers of her time in South Asia and was given the honorific title of Malika-e-Tarannum. She recorded about 10,000 songs in various languages of India and Pakistan including Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi and Sindhi.
    On December 23, 2000 Malika-e-Tarannum Noor Jehan died as a result of heart failure and is buried in Karachi.

  117. Merry Christmas , dear friends !
    "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to You" was the verse that was shown on the first commercially available Christmas card in 1843. Christmases has been merry long before that though. The use of 'Merry Christmas' as a seasonal salutation dates back to at least 1534, when, on 22nd December, John Fisher wished the season's greetings in a letter to Thomas Cromwell, recorded in Stryper Ecclesiastical memorials, 1816):
    And this our Lord God send you a Merry Christmas, and a comfortable, to your heart’s desire.
    1843 was the date of the publication of Charles Dickens' Christmas Carol and it was around that time, in the early part of the reign of Queen Victoria, that Christmas as we now know it was largely invented. The word merry was then beginning to take on its current meaning of 'jovial, and outgoing' (and, let's face it, probably mildly intoxicated). Prior to that, in the times when other 'merry' phrases were coined, for example, make merry (circa 1300), Merry England (circa 1400) and the merry month of May (1560s), merry had a different meaning, that is, 'pleasant, peaceful and agreeable'.
    That change in meaning is apparently viewed with disfavour by Queen Elizabeth II, who wishes her subjects a 'happy' rather than 'merry' Christmas in her annual Christmas broadcasts. The idea of a modern-day merry England is presumably unwelcome at the palace.
    The best-known allusion to merriment at Christmas is the English carol God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen. The source of this piece isn't known. It was first published in William Sandys' Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern in 1833, although versions of it probably existed as a folk-song and tune well before that but weren't written down. Sir Thomas Elyot, lists the phrase 'rest you merry' in his Dictionary in 1548:
    "Aye, bee thou gladde: or joyful, as the vulgare people saie Reste you mery."
    It is often assumed that the carol's lyric portrays the wish that jovial gentlemen might enjoy repose and tranquillity. The punctuation of the song suggests otherwise though - it's 'God rest ye merry, gentlemen', not 'God rest ye, merry gentlemen'. In this context 'to rest' doesn't mean 'to repose' but 'to keep, or remain as you are' - like the 'rest' in 'rest assured'.
    'Rest ye merry' means 'remain peacefully content' and the carol contains the wish that God should grant that favour to gentlemen (gentlewomen were presumably busy in the kitchen). It isn't the 'rest' that is being given but the 'merry'. Anyone misreading that comma is in good company though. God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen was the carol that Dickens was referring to in A Christmas Carol:
    "The owner of one scant young nose, gnawed and mumbled by the hungry cold as bones are gnawed by dogs, stooped down at Scrooge's keyhole to regale him with a Christmas carol: but at the first sound of God bless you, merry gentleman!
    May nothing you dismay!
    Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action that the singer fled in terror."

  118. Look Outside…
    It’s so pleasant!
    Sun Smiling For you…
    Trees Dancing for you…
    Birds singing for you…
    Because I requested them All to wish you
    HAPPY MAKAR SANKRANT! New Year is here and celebrations and festivities shouldnt end, especially when it is Makar Sankranti on 14th January, 2018.Makar Sankranti is one of the few ancient Hindu festivals that are observed according to solar cycles, unlike other festivals that are set by the lunar cycles of the lunisolar Hindu calendar.The festival is celebrated to mark the transition of the Sun from Sagittarius to Capricorn during the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere (or the beginning of Uttarayana).The word “Sankranti” means the movement of the sun from one zodiac sign to another, so indicating the start of the sun entering Capricorn known as “Makar” in Indian.As per Vedic Hindu philosophy, Sun is considered to be the king of all the planets. And Makar Sankranti commemorates the expedition of sun to the Northern Hemisphere. Makar is a Sanskrit that literally means Capricorn whereas Sankranti denotes transition. Hence, sun's transition from Sagittarius to Capricorn sign in the northern hemisphere, during winter is Makar Sankranti. Sun takes an uttarayana route on January 14 and stays there until July 14. This festival also comes as Thanksgiving to Mother Nature for an abundance of crops, well being and prosperity. This festival marks the beginning of the summer season and follows a ritual to welcome the Sun, to bless them with warmth. Since this festival is celebrated according to the Solar calendar, it falls on the same day every year.
    It is a festival of unity, with members of society encouraged to smooth things over with enemies and live in peace.
    The enthusiasm and celebration of Makar Sankranti is also intertwined with the fervor of deep-rooted faith. Gita also expounds the importance of Uttarayan as a favourable time to get blessings from Gods and achieve greatness on earth. The days become longer and signify the removal of despair and delusion to enter into spiritual light and wisdom. Makar Sankranti is a huge occasion for worshippers to take a holy dip in the Ganga Sagar and Prayag . Ma Ganga had followed the path of Bhagirath Muni to meet the ocean on this day.
    The famous Kumbh Mela is also held on Makar Sankranti every 12 years. Hindus gather in large numbers to take a holy dip at Ganga Sagar on this day every year. The festival is dedicated to the Sun God or Surya Devta. It is regarded as important for spiritual practices, which is why people take holy dip in holy river Ganges. Although celebrated across India, Makar Sankranti is known by various names in different regions; for instance, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Maghi in Himachal Pradesh and Haryana, Magh Bihu in Assam, Poush Sangkranti in West Bengal amongest others.
    People celebrate this festival with foods that give them energy and keep them warm in this nippy weather. For instance, til ladoos made of sesame seeds and jaggery are made and distributed amongst friends and family. It is believed that sesame loaded foods have the ability to absorb and emit high amounts of sattva frequencies. Additionally, gajak and anything related to sugarcane is also savoured during this day.
    Celebrate this day with much fervour and excitement and much happiness.
    The essence of this day is to bring sweetness to life and relationships and wish the well-being and prosperity to one another. Understanding the meaning behind the festival makes us even more aware of nature’s true worth and bounty.
    Happy Makar Sankranti to all of you.

  119. विश्व हिन्दी दिवस प्रतिवर्ष 10 जनवरी को मनाया जाता है।इसका उद्देश्य है विश्व में हिन्दी के प्रचार-प्रसार के लिए वातावरण निर्मित‍ करना, हिन्दी के प्रति अनुराग पैदा करना, हिन्दी की दशा के लिए जागरूकता पैदा करना तथा हिन्दी को विश्व भाषा के रूप में प्रस्तुत करना है।दुनिया भर में हिन्‍दी के प्रचार-प्रसार के लिए पहला विश्‍व हिन्‍दी सम्‍मेलन 10 जनवरी 1975 को नागपुर में आयोजित किया गया था. इसलिए इस दिन को विश्‍व हिन्‍दी दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है. इस सम्मेलन में 30 देशों के 122 प्रतिनिधि शामिल हुए थे. प्रधानमंत्री डॉक्‍टर मनमोहन सिंह ने 10 जनवरी 2006 को हर साल विश्व हिन्दी दिवस के रूप मनाए जाने की घोषणा की थी. विदेशों में भारतीय दूतावास विश्व हिन्दी दिवस के मौके पर विशेष आयोजन करते हैं। सभी सरकारी कार्यालयों में विभिन्न विषयों पर हिन्दी के लिए अनूठे कार्यक्रम आयोजित किए जाते हैं।
    आज ही कहीं पढ़ा की "भाषा एक ऐसी अद्भुत कला है, जो बिना सिखाये आ जाती है और आजीवन सीखते रहने पर भी पूर्णतः नहीं आती।" और ये भी सत्य है की भाषा कोई भी हो, चाहे हिंदी, उर्दू, अथवा अंग्रेज़ी इन सभी को हम जीवन भर पढ़े तो भी हम पूर्ण ज्ञान नहीं प्राप्त कर सकते। भारत में सबसे ज़्यादा बोली जाने वाली भाषा है हिंदी, पर आज भी वो अपने अस्तित्व के लिए एक अलग ही लड़ाई लड़ रही। जिस हिंदी को गाँधी जी ने जनमानस की भाषा कहा था, जिस हिंदी भाषा को कालिदास, तुलसीदास से ले कर सूर्यकान्त त्रिपाठी 'निराला', महादेवी वर्मा जैसे महान कवियों ने अपनी भावनाओं को प्रकट करने का माध्यम बनाया, जिस भाषा को हज़ारों लेखकों ने अपनी कर्मभूमि बनाया, जिस भाषा को स्वतंत्रता सेनानियों ने हिन्दुस्तान की शान बताया उसे अपने देश के संविधान में अबतक राष्ट्रभाषा का दर्जा ही नहीं दिया जा सका उसे सिर्फ राजभाषा की ही उपाधि दी गई। इसका कारण कोई और नहीं, हमारे ही देश में व्याप्त कुछ तथाकथित राष्ट्रवादि हैं जिनकी वजह से हिन्दी भाषा को आज भी उसका वह सम्मान नहीं मिल पा रहा जिसकी उसे आवश्यक्ता है, जिसकी वो हकदार है। हम स्वामी विवेकानन्द जी के उस भाषण को याद कर रहे थे जिसे उन्होंने शिकागो में वर्ष 1893 में अमेरिकी जनता के सामने दिया था और उसमें एक वाक्य "अमेरिका के बहनों और भाइयों" (जो की हिंदी अनुवाद है उनके भाषण का) ने वहाँ उपस्थित सभी व्यक्तियों को अपनी जगह से खड़ा कर दिया और पूरा भवन तालियों के शोर से गूंज उठा, क्यूँ हुआ ऐसा क्योंकि भारत की संस्कृति, संस्कार तथा भाषा में बहुत प्रेम और सदभाव है। जिस भाषा में इतना प्रेम, और अपनापन हो की दूसरे देशों के लोगों को भी अपनी तरफ आकर्षित कर ले, उस भाषा का ऐसा अनादर, क्यूँ? जिस भाषा को भारत के बाहर आदर मिलता उसे अपने ही घर में इस अवहेलना का शिकार क्यों बनना पड़ रहा?ये प्रश्न शायद हम सभी को स्वयं से पूछना चाहिए क्योंकि कहीं ना कहीं हम सभी भी इसके लिए जिम्मेदार हैं, हम खुद भी हिचकिचाते हैं हिंदी बोलने में, हम टूटी-फूटी अंग्रेजी बोलने में गर्व का अनुभव करते परन्तु हिंदी का प्रयोग करने में हमें हीनता का अनुभव होता, जबकि हिंदी तो हमारी मातृ भाषा है जिसे बोलने में हमें गर्व होना चाहिए क्यूँकि "हिंदी हैं हम वतन है हिन्दोस्तां हमारा"। यह एक विडम्बना ही तो है की आज योग को 177 देशों का समर्थन मिल गया, लेकिन हिन्दी के लिए 129 देशों का समर्थन नहीं मिल पा रहा, और इस विडम्बना को दूर करने के लिए हम सभी को एकजुट होना होगा और अपनी मातृ भाषा के सम्मान के लिए एक नई लड़ाई लड़नी पड़ेगी। हम भारतीय जिस तरह हर क्षेत्र में प्रगति कर रहे उसी प्रकार हमें अपनी मातृ भाषा को एक योग्य स्थान दिलाना पड़ेगा। नहीं तो आने वाली पीढियां हिंदी भाषा का थोडा भी सम्मान नहीं कर पाएंगी, उन्हें यह बताना पड़ेगा की जिस तरह हम भारत को माँ का दर्जा देते उसी तरह हिंदी को हम मातृ भाषा कहते और जो अपनी माँ की भाषा को ना समझ पाये, उसका सम्मान ना कर पाये उसे हमें भारतीय कहने में हीनता नजर आती। आज हिंदी दिवस मना तो रहें हैं लोग पर हिंदी का प्रयोग कम करते हैं, उनसे अनुरोध है की जितनी सरलता से आप इस भाषा में अपने भावों को व्यक्त कर सकते शायद ही किसी और भाषा में कर पाएं, अतः जितना आप अपनी मातृ भाषा का इस्तेमाल करेंगे उतनी ही लोकप्रियता बढ़ेगी और हम हिंदी को उसके उचित स्थान तक ले जा पायँगे, और वैश्विक स्तर पर हिंदी का परचम लहराएंगे। जय हिन्द जय भारत।

  120. Have you said Thank You today? It is International Thank You Day today !
    Let us be grateful to people who make us happy; they are the charming gardeners who make our souls blossom.
    "Thank you” is an abbreviation of ancient words "Save God”. First documented in the Paris dictionary-PhraseBook dated g. This date is official, when the word “thank you” appeared in the vocabulary.
    Thank you! How often we say, and do hear him in my life. At first glance it may seem that it is one of the many components of human speech. But, with the aid of a "thank you” you can Express feelings of gratitude that we feel in his soul, and replace it with any other word is just not possible. Hearing these words of gratitude for a good deed or service rendered to anyone, the person feels their own importance in the life of this man.
    Celebrate this day by showing your appreciation to people who make your life better and more beautiful. One single word can make people who surround you happier, isn't it great?
    Unfortunately we often forget to show gratitude to others. We think only about ourselves and don't notice all the things that relatives and friends do for us. Be polite, think of others and then simple “thank you” will make their day better.
    I thank God that I'm a product of my parents. That they infected me with their intelligence and energy for life, with their thirst for knowledge and their love. I'm grateful that I know where I come from.
    When I wake up every morning, I thank God for the new day.
    I'm blessed and I thank God for every day for everything that happens for me.
    God give us relatives; thank God, we can choose our friends.
    Dear friends!
    Today, on January 11, the world is celebrating International Thank You Day.
    Using this opportunity we would like to say you my sincerely THANK YOU!
    Thank You for choosing me as your friend!
    Thank You for your warm words and kind wishes!
    Thank You for help me to be better and more professionally!
    Thank You!
    Yours ever,
    Mitul Kansal
    from India .

    Thai is the first month of the Tamil Almanac, and Pongal is a dish of sweet concoction of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. This festival is celebrated by one and all as it is non-relevance to any particular religious faith. The whole Tamil population of the world celebrate it without any differences. Therefore it is widely known as "Tamil Thai Pongal" or the "Festival of the Tamils". It is celebrated on the first day of the month Thai of the Tamil calendar.
    The festival is a thanks giving ceremony in which the farmers celebrate the event to thank the spirits of nature spirit, the Sun and the farm animals for their assistance in providing a successful harvest. The rest of the people celebrate the festival to pay their thanks to the farmers for the production of food. Overall, it is a festival to encourage social cohesiveness and unite people by bringing them together in a common function. There are many songs about Thai Pongal and there is much Tamil literature about it.
    Thai Pongal generally includes customs & celebrations that are the expression of jubilation over life's renewal. On Thai Pongal, the family begins the day early. The traditional Pongal (rice pudding) is prepared in the front garden which is pre-prepared for this ceremonious cooking. A flat square pitch is made and decorated with kolam drawings, and it is exposed to the direct sun light. A fire wood hearth will be set up using three bricks. The cooking begins by putting a clay pot with water on the hearth.
    A senior member of the family conducts the cooking and the rest of the family assists him or her or watches the event. When the water has boiled the rice is put into the pot - after a member the family ceremoniously puts three handful of rice in first. The other ingredients of this special dish are chakkarai (brown cane sugar) or katkandu (sugar candy), milk (cow's milk or coconut milk), roasted green gram (payaru), raisins, cashew nuts and few pods of cardamom. When the meal is ready it is first put on a banana leaf and the family pray for few minutes to thank the nature spirit, the sun and farmers.

  122. HAPPY LOHRI TO YOU ALL ! :-There are some interesting socio-cultural and folk-legends connected with Lohri. According to the cultural history of Punjab, Bhatti, a Rajput tribe during the reign of Akbar, inhabited parts of Rajasthan, Punjab, and Gujarat (now in Pakistan). Dulla Bhatti, Raja of Pindi Bhattian, was put to death by the Mughal king for revolting against him. The tribal mirasis (street singers) trace the history of the tribe and interestingly, claim Maharaja Ranjit Singh as one of its scions.
    Dulla Bhatti, like Robin Hood, robbed the rich and gave to the poor. The people of the area loved and respected him. He once rescued a girl from kidnappers and adopted her as his daughter. His people would remember their hero every year on Lohri. Groups of children moved from door to door, singing the Dulla Bhatti folk-song: "Dulla Bhatti ho! Dulle ne dhi viyahi ho! Ser shakar pai ho!" (Dulla gave his daughter a kilo of sugar as a marriage gift).
    Lohri is essentially a festival dedicated to fire and the sun god. It is the time when the sun transits the zodiac sign Makar (Capricorn), and moves towards the north. Gur rewri, peanuts and popcorns are the three munchies associated with this festival. Besides these, in Punjab villages, it is a tradition to eat gajjak, sarson da saag and makki di roti on the day of Lohri. It is also traditional to eat 'til rice'--sweet rice made with jaggery (gur) and sesame seeds.

  123. on 13 Feb , 2018 we celebrated " World Radio Day ' . All radio lovers & listeners from all over the world took part in this event very actively. I congratulate all the listeners for their active participation in this event and making it unforgettable event . But it is the matter of great sorrow that i do not find at social media any single international radio broadcaster which appreciated its listeners for their love , devotion , loyalty and contribution to listening/dxing their programs whether via live/online listening and visiting their programs/activities on social media. I think it is the moral duty of every international broadcaster to appreciate and encourage their listeners so that listeners could become and remain connected with them for ever. With regards , Mitul Kansal , from India
    #WorldRadioDay #HappyListenig

  124. Shortwave remains the most accessible international communications medium that still provides listeners with the protection of complete anonymity. I still see a place for shortwave in the 21st century, especially for reaching areas of the world that are prone to natural disasters that destroy local broadcasting and Internet infrastructure.
    On the negative, shortwave is a legacy technology, which is expensive and environmentally unfriendly. A few countries are hanging on to it, but most have faced up to the fact that the glory days of shortwave have gone. Religious broadcasters will still use it because they are not too concerned with listening figures.
    China Radio International gets a huge budget and has not so far been under any pressure to cut costs, but as growth in the Chinese economy starts to slow down it will be interesting to see how long this situation continues; especially given the other soft propaganda platforms already used by the Chinese.
    So what will happen to shortwave in the years ahead? The only reasonable advice is — stay tuned!

  125. The Evolution of Shortwave Radio
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO
    With the advent of radio in the 20th century, the shortwave band (1710–30,000 kHz) soon became a hotbed of long-distance radio broadcasting. Used primarily by state-run international broadcasters, plus ham radio operators and ship-to-shore radio communications, the shortwave band was prized due to its astoundingly broad reach.
    That reach was — and is still — made possible by the tendency of ground-based shortwave radio transmissions to bounce off the ionosphere and back to earth; allowing shortwave broadcasts to “hop” repeatedly, increasing a broadcast’s range while minimizing its decay. This writer once heard BBC World Service on 6175 kHz coming to him from both directions at once; a phenomenon proven by the “echo” he heard caused by the “around the world” shortwave signal arriving at his receiver slightly later than the “direct path” signal.
    At the height of the Cold War, the shortwave bands were packed with content as the Voice of America and West Germany’s Deutsche Welle (Voice of Germany) traded ideological punches with Radio Moscow and East Germany’s Radio Berlin International. This is because analog shortwave radio broadcasting was the only way for both sides to make their political cases cross international borders: There was no satellite TV, let alone any internet.
    Fast forward to 2018. Today, shortwave and its often scratchy, interference-ridden, fading mono transmissions have been trumped by other higher-performing, content-rich delivery platforms. As a result, “A large part of the audience that would formerly listen to international broadcasters can now get the same information from websites and/or satellite TV,” said Andy Sennitt, former editor of the World Radio Television Handbook and shortwave correspondent with the now defunct Radio Netherlands International radio service. “The regular audiences in Europe, North America and parts of Asia are now a tiny fraction of what they once were,” Sennitt noted. “In parts of Africa and South Asia there are still significant shortwave audiences, but even those are gradually declining.”
    At the same time, Western broadcasters such as the BBC World Service and others have found it cheaper to distribute their content to domestic FM broadcasters in target countries, as well as by satellite TV and the web. Add the end of the Cold War (or at least the first one) with fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and cash-strapped Western governments no longer see a reason to spend millions operating 100 kW shortwave transmitters and their attendant large antenna farms.
    This is why the BBC World Service, Voice of America, and others have substantially reduced their international shortwave broadcasts, with the former going as far as ending transmissions to North America, Europe, and Australia and parts of Asia. Meanwhile, once popular Western shortwave broadcasters such as Radio Canada International, Radio Netherlands, Swiss Radio International, and Radio Sweden International ceased shortwave broadcasts altogether. Some of the former shortwave stations now stream their content on the web.
    “In the past 12 years, the majority of legacy government-sponsored shortwave radio stations have either closed down or dramatically reduced their services,” observed Thomas Witherspoon, editor of the popular shortwave news site “Very few shortwave broadcasters still target North America and Europe.”

  126. Although the 1942 ‘Quit India’ movement was hardly peaceful, Gandhi’s ‘Do or Die’ address inspired a nation to unify against its British colonizers.
    “Here is a mantra, a short one, that I give to you. You may imprint it on your hearts and let every breath of yours give expression to it. The mantra is ‘Do or Die.’ We shall either free India or die in the attempt; we shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery. Every true Congressman or woman will join the struggle with inflexible determination not to remain alive to see the country in bondage and slavery."
    “Do or die” became the unifying rallying cry for a civil disobedience campaign that spread across the subcontinent and lasted from August 1942 to September 1944. Protests erupted from Bombay to Delhi to Bengal; a steel plant closed for 13 days; a strike at a textile factory lasted 3.5 months. Even though Muslim participation in “Quit India” wasn’t as high as other groups, supporters of the Muslim League still offered shelter to activists. And, crucially, Indians employed by the British government as police officers and administrative officials turned on their employer.

  127. The AIR is planning to launch new services for several countries, including Japan, Germany and some in the Commonwealth of Independent States, with an aim to supplement the government's diplomatic efforts and outreach programmes to the Indian diaspora, an official said.
    Canada, South Africa and Maldives are also among the countries the All India Radio (AIR) plans to reach to.
    Currently, the External Services Division (ESD) of the AIR covers around 150 countries with programmes in 27 languages--14 of them targeting neighbouring countries and nations in Southeast Asia. The ESD plans to expand its global presence now, targeting nations hitherto uncovered by the AIR.
    The ESD has proposed to introduce new services for some countries like Japan, Canada, Germany, South Africa, Maldives and some of the Commonwealth of Independent States countries.The Commonwealth of Independent States is a loose grouping of nine member States and two associate members.
    It was formed during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.Pakistan has increased its presence in African countries through its new radio services, and India cannot work in "silos".
    The ESD aims to keep the listeners in touch with the ethos of India, its point of view on various issues, highlight trade opportunities in the country, besides projecting it as an education, healthcare and tourist destination, he said.
    The foreign radio service also plays important role in public diplomacy, especially in the countries which have a large Indian diaspora.
    Indians today live in almost every country and are interested in knowing what the country of their birth holds for them.
    The programme menu of the ESD comprises news bulletins, commentaries on current affairs and a review of the Indian press. It also includes informative talks, interviews, documentaries, features, Indian music of all genres and plays.
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO

  128. Vishal Bharti
    Diversity Bharti is a major broadcasting service of ASEV in public sector radio channel in India. This is the most listened and very popular service among radio listeners in India. Mainly Hindi film songs are heard on it. It started on October 3, 1957. In the year 2006-2007, also celebrated the Golden Jubilee Year of Miscellaneous Bharti. Initially it was broadcast only from two centers, Bombay and Madras. After gradually popularity, due to popularity, other centers of Aakashani started broadcasting it. Currently, as many advertisement centers of AIDS, they listen to their listeners' programs of diverse Bharti.
    It has been the favorite radio channel of India for countless Hindi speakers for years. Even when neither Doordarshan had come to India, or even after coming, it did not make much of it, as much as this channel has been. This channel is still broadcast all over India. History of broadcast in India
    The radio broadcast in India was started on July 23, 1927. After independence, a large network of radio stations across India was ready. In the second half of the 1950s, primaries of Akashwani were meeting the needs of information and entertainment in all the major cities of the country. After some reasons, the broadcast of film-songs from Akashwani was banned. It was a golden period of film and music. All the cinematic composers of the film were compiling one more song. Those days, the Foreign Service of Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation, which we and you know as Radio Ceylon, used to play songs from Hindi films and was using Tehelka through its sponsored programs. At that time, the then DG of Akashwani, Girijkumar Mathur, envisioned an All India Entertainment Service with Pandit Narendra Sharma, Gopal Das, Keshav Pandit and other colleagues. It has been named Vishal Bharti Service. Akashwani's Panchorangi program. Here Pancharangi means that this service will include the involvement of five fine arts. Various Bharti services were started in Mumbai on October 3, 1957 with all preparations. The first song written on Vishal Bharti was written by Pandit Narendra Sharma and composed by musician Anil Biswas. It was called Prasag sing and its lyrics were dancing Mayura dance It was voiced by famous singer Manna Dey. Even today, these songs are present in the Museum of Vishal Bharati. Shil Kumar had first inaugurated the All India Entertainment Service Vishal Bharati. The unforgettable name that was added in this category was Amin Sayani's.Diverse (Bharati) is the Hindi translation of the original English word Misslonianus, which was given by Pt Narendra Sharma to this new service, when he was called as an officer in radio from film writing in the 50's.Vishal Bharati has always understood his responsibility and has also done it with prompt attention. This is the only radio channel in the country which has considered music as its religion and has given every kind of music its place in its programs.
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO

  129. Lakshmi Jayant, who served the AIR as a newsreader for 39 years, recalls that the first news bulletin was broadcast on a service called 7BY from the Bombay Station. “But 7BY did not last long. It went into liquidation in less than three years,” she says. From this had evolved the AIR, later renamed Akashvani in 1956.
    “From the war time broadcasts to Emergency, I can never forget the tone of the announcer, ‘This is All India Radio giving you the news’. The authoritative tone was so compelling that one had to believe that this was ‘The News’. It was literally Akash-Vani (voice from the sky) implying God’s voice for us,” she muses.
    However, it was not always a goldmine jackpot for AIR as it faced competition from Radio Ceylon, one of the oldest broadcasters in the world. “Radio Ceylon’s Hindi service launch coincided with the golden age of Hindi cinema. Simply put, they were at the right place at the right time. This gave Akashvani a tough run,” recounts Lakshmi.
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO

  130. Meet the voice behind the oldest radio show of India :
    Every year during the festive season, the east-Indian state of West Bengal travels eight decades back to seek the nostalgia associated with a voice; the voice of Birendra Krishna Bhadra.
    Mahishasura Mardini is quintessentially a 90-minute musical drama that marks the arrival of Mother Goddess Durga to earth. Colloquially known as Mahalaya, or the day when the mother starts her journey from Kailasha (her in-law’s place) to her father’s abode. This 90-minute piece has now become synonymous to a voice that once added versatility and depth in the All India Radio studios in Kolkata.
    Resonating with the heart of every Bengali and all those who have been associated with this extravagant festive fervour in eastern India, Birendra Krishna Bhadra first recorded this musical drama way back in 1931 under the direction of Pankaj Kumar Mullick. Until 1966, the All India Radio used to broadcast a live show of the play with Bhadra as the lead voice and a group of artists. Bani Kumar who penned this script made it in a form of a narration that combined devotional songs, hymns, and the story of Goddess Durga killing the demon Mahishasura.
    The wee-hours (read 4 am) of the Mahalaya is still observed as the exact time when this timeless musical drama is played in every household to welcome the Goddess. As the river banks of the Ganges get slowly crowded with people offering prayers to their ancestors, the music and Bhadra’s voice plays in the backdrop – a moment that every Bengali has compulsively surrendered to a goose-bump; at least once in his lifetime.
    Broadcast since 1931, Mahalaya is one of the oldest surviving radio programme for All India Radio (AIR), Mahalaya has for the past 86 years galvanized millions of listeners – most of them either gathered around the crackling radio or cocooned in bed .
    Thanks to the magic of Bhadra’s voice, it has traversed beyond the realm of scriptures to become a social and cultural landmark. Translated and simultaneously broadcast in Hindi across India every year, the recital’s underlying message of the triumph of good over evil also resonates with a global audience.
    With a voice that was at times grating and sometimes nasal, Bhadra still instantly won over the audience with his sincerity, tugging them along on an emotional roller-coaster.
    His voice quivers with grave concern when the demon and his minions run amok on earth; and trembles with joy when he chants “Ya Devi Sharba Bhuteshu Matri Rupena Samsthitaa,” a universal salutation to the supreme manifestation of female power.
    Pankaj Mullick, one of the pioneers of film music in Bengali and Hindi cinema, was the music director of the recital. The script was written by Bani Kumar while the narrator was Birendra Krishna Bhadra, who also chants all the Sanskrit hymns. Renowned composer Raichand Boral, considered to be the father of Bollywood film music, played a key role in curating the entire recital for AIR.
    More than 86 years after its first production, the Mahalaya experience has now moved into the realm of laptops, YouTube, live streaming and even Android and iPhone apps – but the yearning it induces remains intact.
    But while Bhadra’s voice made him one of the most popular figures of radio in Bengal for more than 50 years, public fame never translated into material affluence.
    The voice which so fervently ushered in the season of festivities was conveniently relegated once the celebrations were over. Bhadra was never entitled to pension after he retired in 1970.
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO

  131. It doesn’t matter who you are or where you come from; everyone can relate to the euphoric feelings that come while listening to their favorite music. The vibrations of sound, building into rhythm and melody, communicate with our bodies in powerful ways, affecting our emotions, our energies and even our pain threshold.Now, scientists are beginning to measure music-related changes in the brain, not just in terms of dopamine but also in opioid signals. Over 400 published scientific papers prove that music is a universal language that speaks to the natural healing abilities of our bodies. The immune system and the nervous system of the body literally respond to the medicine of music. Music is capable of reducing anxiety levels and regulating mood on a level that pharmaceuticals could never come close to. The newest studies find that music is not only therapeutic, helping people cope, relate and retrieve memory, but can also be used as an evidence-based intervention to cure anxiety, provide energy or reduce pain on the spot.The dependence on opioid painkillers throughout the medical system could all be broken, if only we would open up our hearts to the medicine of music. The euphoria and nostalgia that music brings speaks through channels we cannot see, regulating the chemicals in our brain, helping us manage stress and pain.
    People who have suffered traumatic brain injuries will often have problems with memory. Music can help bring back some of those special moments of their lives that they have forgotten. Those suffering from dementia can trigger vivid memories by listening to music they heard when they were young. It can assist people to recall difficult parts of their lives that were not necessarily as bad as they had thought. “People who are depressed often feel as if there is a blanket over their lives”. Hearing music, and remembering various experiences, “can help them remember the more complex experiences.” It’s not that these are always positive, “but they may be more rounded.” Music cannot cure, but perhaps it can help heal.“People worry a lot today about forgetting and the problems with memory. But the beauty is today we are beginning to help with remembering.”
    For many, that will be music to their ears.
    #WorldRadioDay #UNESCO


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