For almost 30 years Biswanath Naru, a.k.a ‘Mastermoshai’ ran his school for underprivileged children without electricity and benches. But his hard work and noble efforts eventually paid off!
Poverty stole his dreams of pursuing education. Unable to pay school tuition fee, he dropped out of school and became a fish seller to feed his siblings. But, since the last 40 years, Biswanath Naru has been splitting his daily routine between his work and his calling—imparting education to underprivileged children.Hours before the City of Joy wakes up to see the mundanities of life pulling a veil over it old-world charm, 66-year-old Naru can be seen making his way through the over-crowded lanes of Patipukur fish market, lugging his insulated tub for a fresh stock of fish.
Later, he reaches his shop in the Dum Dum Park Bazar, Kolkata and has usually sold his wares by 10 AM. He packs up quickly and reaches Nandipur Swami Vivekananda Vidyamandir Primary School, on time, as he does not like to keep his students waiting.Teaching young children Maths and Science is the highlight of his day. Naru spends the rest of his day either playing with them or taking extra classes for the ones who need special attention.
The Journey to Setting up a School
Naru was barely six months old when his father passed away, leaving his mother in-charge of two children and the household. With no formal education, Naru’s mother was forced to take up menial jobs.Fortunately, neighbours were kind enough to fund Naru and his sister’s education until class 10. Being bright and hardworking did not help Naru, as lack of money forced him to drop out of school and take up odd jobs, “It broke my heart but with no other choice, I started working in a fish shop.”
For the 18-year-old Naru, providing education to underprivileged children became his life’s mission. As funding their education was not a feasible or practical option, he decided to use his academic knowledge to teach kids from kindergarten to class four.With help from benefactors, Naru secured a 100×20 feet plot and started the school.“The room had no benches, fans or lights. All we had was a couple of donated books and six locals who volunteered to teach. We enrolled children of rickshaw-pullers, daily wage labourers and domestic workers,” informs Naru.The school took shape with financial help from Calcutta Urban Services and East India British Council, bulbs from a local grocery owner, fans from a bank, and monetary aid from several organisations and kind-hearted people.
Unfortunately, in the early 2000s, the school’s activities took a serious hit when donations trickled out and Naru’s earning bore all the expenditure of the school.“That time we were paying Rs 50 per month to the teacher and the number of children also increased to 200. Since ours was not a registered school, we would not get uniforms, stationery and books from the municipal corporation. To meet the expenses, I shelled out more money from my income. I did face a backlash from my family, but there was no way I was going to shut the school down,” he says.Naru even tried his hand at registering for a government certification to access school aids, but to no avail.
Luckily, things changes eventually when city-based NGO, Prayatna Foundation stepped in.“One of our team members bought fish from Naru and that is how we came across Naru’s efforts. Before promising anything, we scrutinised the school activities carefully for almost over a year. It was very impressive to see how a fish seller was going out of his way for poor children when he was barely able to make ends meet at home,” says Sneha Agarwal, CEO of Prayatna Foundation.
Before Prayatna came into the picture, Naru would spend close to 20,000 on books every year, “I would go to College Street and purchase second-hand state textbooks to match the school’s syllabus with the state board,” he says.In 2015, the NGO agreed to expand the one-room classroom into two-storey school equipped with classrooms, computer labs and toilets. The NGO provides the necessary stationery and pays Rs 1,000 per month to all the five teachers including a volunteer from Prayatna. Recently, the NGO added nutritious mid-day meals to the students’ school day.
Currently, there are 60 odd students at the school and the major reason behind the fall is the rise in free schools and the fact that Naru’s school is not government-aided.“Unlike earlier, now it is difficult for people to trust us.Prayatna is now helping Naru fulfil his non-academic vision of opening a vocational training centre for local women from underprivileged backgrounds and create a livelihood for them.